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GABA Benefits, Uses, Side Effects and Functions

Discover the Function, Sources and Benefits of the Health Supplement Ingredient Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid, or GABA

Gamma-aminobutyric acid, more commonly known as GABA, is a non-protein amino acid that functions as a neurotransmitter. GABA and its precursor, glutamate, are the most abundant neurotransmitters in the central nervous system, particularly in the cerebral cortex. Glutamate is an excitatory neurotransmitter while GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter, so their actions are complementary. In addition to being produced within the body, GABA is also available as an ingredient in select health and bodybuilding supplements such as HGF MAX and HGH 30,000 Nanograms spray.

Functions of GABA

As an inhibitory neurotransmitter, GABA balances the excitatory effect of glutamate in the developed brain and helps to control cortical stimulation. Due to this action, GABA can have a calming or tranquilizing effect, including anxiolytic and anti-convulsive properties. Evidence suggests it may also stimulate human growth hormone (HGH) production, thereby serving as a natural HGH releaser.

Sources of GABA

GABA is produced by the body, where it is synthesized from glutamate through decarboxylation. While GABA is not naturally found in fresh foods, it can be created through lactobacillus fermentation; therefore, GABA may be consumed in fermented foods such as kimchi, sauerkraut, tempeh, miso, kefir and yogurt, as well as in GABA-fortified foods. In addition, foods that contain GABA’s precursors—glutamic acid or L-glutamine—can help boost GABA levels. Dietary sources of glutamate/glutamine include whole grains, brown rice, beef liver, pork, halibut, mackerel, lentils, broccoli, bananas and tree nuts. Vitamins B-6 and B-12 are required for GABA synthesis, so taking these vitamins may help support GABA production. Finally, GABA may also be consumed orally as an ingredient in natural dietary supplements.

GABA Benefits and Uses

Evidence has shown that GABA may help treat hypertension, so it is sometimes used in medications that are designed to lower blood pressure. The method of action appears to be due to GABA’s ability to suppress the sympathetic nervous activity that leads to high blood pressure. GABA’s anticonvulsant properties suggest that it may be effective in reducing the frequency of seizures in some individuals, while its calming effects may help reduce stress, relieve anxiety, elevate mood, and improve focus and concentration.

A number of studies have indicated that GABA may act as a natural HGH releaser, or HGH secretagogue. In light of its potential to stimulate HGH production, GABA-containing supplements are often taken to support lean muscle growth, decrease body fat and enhance exercise tolerance. Furthermore, GABA is believed to have an analgesic effect, so it may help to alleviate feelings of pain or soreness after an intense workout.

Side Effects of GABA and Potential Interactions

GABA supplementation is generally considered safe for healthy adults; no side effects have been reported at commonly administered dosages. However, since GABA has been shown to reduce blood pressure, supplements containing GABA may increase the risk of hypotension (abnormally low blood pressure) when taken in conjunction with antihypertensive drugs.

More detailed safety information on GABA side effects and interactions can be found in the Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database (subscription required). As with any medication or health supplement, it is best to consult your physician before taking dietary supplements containing GABA.

GABA Research and Studies

Many researchers have explored the use of GABA to treat medical conditions such as hypertension and anxiety. Numerous animal and human studies—including some published in the British Journal of Nutrition, Journal of Physiological Anthropology, Clinical and Experimental Hypertension, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, and Transgenic Research—have revealed GABA’s ability to lower blood pressure in cases of hypertension. Other studies have demonstrated its relaxing, immunity-enhancing and anti-anxiety effects. According to an article in BioFactors, GABA not only induces relaxation but also reduces anxiety; and evidence suggests it may enhance immunity under stress conditions. An animal study published Neuroscience found that GABA decreases anxiety-like behavior in rats. Furthermore, researchers documented GABA’s neuroprotective effects in the Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, which reported that GABA-producing Lactobacillus buchneri protected neuronal cells against neurotoxicant-induced cell death. Some researchers have explored the potential of GABA to be used in an analgesic capacity for pain relief—as described in Advances in Pharmacology, Neurochemical Research and the European Journal of Pharmacology—though further evidence is needed to accurately evaluate its effectiveness for this use.

Multiple studies have indicated that GABA is capable of promoting human growth hormone (HGH) secretion; relevant findings have been published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Acta Endocrinologica, Medicine and Sport Science, and other journals and textbooks. One study featured in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise examined the effect of GABA ingestion on immunoreactive growth hormone (irGH) and immunofunctional growth hormone (ifGH) release at rest and after exercise, and found that GABA elevates both resting and post-exercise HGH concentrations. Bodybuilders and athletes often take GABA supplements to help increase muscle growth, enhance muscle tone, burn fat and improve exercise tolerance. However, while GABA has been shown to stimulate HGH secretion, further clinical studies are needed to prove a direct correlation between GABA and other purported health and fitness benefits.

For additional GABA research, refer to the PubMed site sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

HGH.com Supplements With GABA

Athletes, bodybuilders and fitness enthusiasts can leverage the potential benefits of GABA through natural health and bodybuilding supplements from HGH.com:

HGF MAX – Purity Select HGF MAX is intended to boost HGH production with a proprietary blend of ingredients, including GABA and key amino acids. This powerful dietary supplement can help improve muscle tone, build muscle, promote fat loss, boost energy and increase metabolism.

HGH Spray – HGH 30,000 Nanograms is designed to stimulate HGH release through a combination of GABA, L-group amino acids and other natural ingredients. Available in a convenient spray form, this product is formulated to support muscle growth, mass gain, fat burning and other benefits.

References (Function, Sources, Benefits/Uses and Side Effects/Interactions):

Clark, Josh. “Can Food Make People Happy?”; How Stuff Works; accessed May 13, 2015. <http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/food-happiness1.htm>

Examine.com. “GABA”; published under “Supplements”; accessed May 13, 2015. <http://examine.com/supplements/GABA>

Haas, Ryan. “The Effectiveness of GABA as a Weightlifting Supplement”; published in the “Sports and Fitness” section on Livestrong.com; October 24, 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/442474-the-effectiveness-of-gaba-weight-lifting-supplement>

Hunt Renee. “A List of Foods With the Highest GABA”; published in the “Food and Health” section on Livestrong.com; April 19, 2015. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/478780-a-list-of-foods-with-the-highest-gaba>

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. “GABA (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid)”; Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database; updated April 9, 2014. <http://naturaldatabase.therapeuticresearch.com/nd/Search.aspx?cs=&s=ND&pt=100&id=464&fs=ND&searchid=51623304>

Petroff, Ognen A.C. “GABA and Glutamate in the Human Brain”; Neuroscientist; December 2002. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12467378>

Stellpflug, Craig. “For a Healthy Brain and Nervous System – Gotta Have GABA”; Natural News; August 13, 2012. <http://www.naturalnews.com/036778_GABA_brain_health_nervous_system.html>

WebMD and Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. “GABA (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid)”; published under “Vitamins & Supplements”; accessed May 13, 2015. <http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-464-gaba%20%28gamma-aminobutyric%20acid%29.aspx?activeingredientid=464&activeingredientname=gaba%20%28gamma-aminobutyric%20acid%29>

Research Sources:

Abdou, Adham M.; S. Higashiguchi; et al. “Relaxation and Immunity Enhancement Effects of Aamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) Administration in Humans”; BioFactors; 2006. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16971751>

Cavagnini, Francesco; Giampiero Benetti; et al. “Effect of Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid on Growth Hormone and Prolactin Secretion in Man: Influence of Pimozide and Domperidone”; The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism; October 1980. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7419665>

Cavagnini, Francesco; Cecilia Invitti; et al. “Effect of Acute and Repeated Administration of Gamma Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) on Growth Hormone and Prolactin Secretion in Man”; Acta Endocrinologica; February 1980. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7376786>

Cho, Yu Ran; Ji Yoon Chang; and Hae Choon Chang. “Production of β-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) by Lactobacillus Buchneri Isolated from Kimchi and Its Neuroprotective Effect on Neuronal Cells”; Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology; January 2007. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18051360>

Enna, S.J. and Kenneth E. McCarson. “The Role of GABA in the Mediation and Perception of Pain”; Advances in Pharmacology; 2006. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17175808>

Hayakawaa, Kazuhito; Masayuki Kimura; et al. “Effect of a Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid-Enriched Dairy Product on the Blood Pressure of Spontaneously Hypertensive and Normotensive Wistar-Kyoto Rats”; British Journal of Nutrition; September 2004. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15469644>

Kowaka, Emi; Yasuka Shimajiri; et al. “Field Trial of GABA-Fortified Rice Plants and Oral Administration of Milled Rice in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats”; Transgenic Research; December 2014. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25542346>

McCarson, Kenneth E. and S.J. Enna. “GABA Pharmacology: The Search for Analgesics”; Neurochemical Research; October 2014. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24532294>

Munro, Gordon; Rikke R. Hansen; and Naheed R. Mirza. “GABA(A) Receptor Modulation: Potential to Deliver Novel Pain Medicines?”; European Journal of Pharmacology; September 15, 2013. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23500203>

Okita, Yoshimitsu; Harunobu Nakamura; et al. “Effects of Vegetable Containing Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid on the Cardiac Autonomic Nervous System in Healthy Young People”; Journal of Physiological Anthropology; 2009. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19483370>

Powers, M. “GABA Supplementation and Growth Hormone Response”; Medicine and Sport Science; 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23075553>

Powers, Michael E.; Joshua F. Yarrow; et al. “Growth Hormone Isoform Responses to GABA Ingestion at Rest and after Exercise”; Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise; January 2008. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18091016>

Shimada, Morio; Takashi Hasegawa; et al. “Anti-Hypertensive Effect of Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA)-Rich Chlorella on High-Normal Blood Pressure and Borderline Hypertension in Placebo-Controlled Double Blind Study”; Clinical and Experimental Hypertension; June 2009. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19811362>

Vaz, Gisele Cristiane; Ana Paula Oliveira Bahia; et al. “Cardiovascular and Behavioral Effects Produced by Administration of Liposome-Entrapped GABA Into the Rat Central Nervous System”; Neuroscience; January 29, 2015. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25446344>

Yoshimura, Mineka; Tohru Toyoshi; et al. “Antihypertensive Effect of a γ-Aminobutyric Acid Rich Tomato Cultivar ‘DG03-9’ in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats”; Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry; January 13, 2010. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20050705>




2015 NPC San Diego Championships Overall Winners

2015 NPC San Diego Championships

NPC San Diego Championships
Bodybuilding, Figure, Physique,
and Bikini Championships
March 21, 2015
San Diego, California
Event: NPC

Following are the top overall winners for each of the events:

Unlimited Bodybuilding Overall
1. Adrian Martin
2. Vantrell Abrams
3. Johnny Garcia
4. Kyle Sabian

              

Adrian Martin
Unlimited Bodybuilding Overall (1st)
Vantrell Abrams
Unlimited Bodybuilding Overall (2nd)

 

Novice Bodybuilding Overall
1. Adrian Martin
2. Vantrell Abrams

Unlimited Bikini Overall
1. Josie Lamb
2. Christina Sanchez
3. Jessica Ortiz
4. Lindsay Price
5. Kelin Covington
6. Ashley Epperson

                

Josie Lamb
Unlimited Bikini Overall (1st)
Christina Sanchez
Unlimited Bikini Overall (2nd)

 

Masters Bikini 45+ Overall
1. Kristy Lynn
2. Jan Engebreston

Masters Bikini 35+ Overall
1. Kristy Lynn
2. Jan Engebreston
3. Janelle Copeland

Novice Bikini Overall
1. Lindsay Price
2. Alexandrea Frias
3. Lauren Lagomarsino

                 

Lindsay Price
Novice Bikini Overall (1st)
Alexandrea Frias
Novice Bikini Overall (2nd)

Unlimited Figure Overall
1. Sara Ard
2. Esmeralda Diosdado
3. Elena Chernousenko
4. Topaz Good

          

Sara Ard
Unlimited Figure Overall (1st)
Esmeralda Diosdado
Unlimited Figure Overall (2nd)

 
Masters Figure 35+ Overall
1. Esmeralda Diosdado
2. Rochelle Diem

Unlimited Mens Physique Overall
1. Bernard Royal
2. Mark Black
3. Julian Mena
4. Rudy McCleary
5. Evan Laveist
6. David Lamb

          

Bernard Royal
Unlimited Physique Overall (1st)
Mark Black
Unlimited Physique Overall (3rd)


Masters Mens Physique 35+ Overall
1. Paul Hourani
2. Chris Rufo

Novice Mens Physique Overall
1. Jacob Roa
2. Charles Sicklestell
3. Rudy McCleary

Congratulations to all of the competitors who participated in the 2015 NPC San Diego Championships. Official Final Results Scorecard - http://lindsayproductions.com/results. To see all results and photos visit - http://contests.npcnewsonline.com/contests/2015/npc_san_diego_championships/

Be sure to visit the HGH.com blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.




Bodyweight Training Videos & Tips

Building a Buff Body with Bodyweight Training

Bodyweight training is oftentimes overlooked and underrated. What's amazing is the body transforming results that bodyweight exercises can help you achieve. It's not like your body can distinguish between a barbell, dumbbell, kettlebell or your own bodyweight. All it really knows is how hard it needs to work to move the resistance. For example, if you're bench pressing, you use your pectorals, deltoids and triceps, but don't really work any other muscle groups, unless you make a conscious effort to do so. By performing bodyweight exercises, like one-arm push-ups, you're not only working your pecs, delts and triceps, but you're also incidentally working your lats, abs, glutes, quads and hamstrings. Another great thing about bodyweight training is that you can workout anytime wherever you are. You don't need any extra equipment and you don't even have to go to the gym.

We found a few videos that show numerous bodyweight exercises, including five of Coach Kozak's favorites, 44 of the best bodyweight exercises from Tee Major Fitness and a 30-minute bodyweight boot camp. Plus, we've added a special Pinterest board filled with bodyweight training tips, exercises and workouts.

Bodyweight Training with Coach Kozak

As a constant fixture in the health and fitness world for more than 15 years, Coach Kozak shares his innovative scientific method to training and nutrition. From professional athletes to soccer moms and even a Heisman trophy winner, Coach Kozak has brought extraordinary results to thousands of clients.

In this video, Coach Kozak with HASfit provides step-by-step video instruction for a full-body workout using bodyweight exercises alone. Take a glimpse at the training regimen he has in store for you:

  • Pistol Squat
  • Downward Dog to Chaturanga Push-up to a High Plank
  • Negative Manual Glute-Ham Raise
  • Sit up to a Russian Twist
  • Negative Negative Pull ups

Try the Best Bodyweight Exercises Ever

When it comes to using bodyweight training to build strength and muscle, there are three fundamental movements: push-ups, pull ups and squats. We've discovered that there are numerous variations of these essentials, as well as a variety of other bodyweight exercises you can incorporate into your workout schedule. Tee Major Fitness presents the 44 Best Bodyweight Exercises Ever:

1. Mountain Climbers
2. Dragon Walks
3. Jumping Lunges
4. Pike Roll out
5. Burpees
6. Hanging Knee to Elbow
7. Frozen V-Sit
8. Spiderman Push-up
9. Single Leg Burpee
10. Hindu Push-ups
11. Diamond Push-ups
12. Lawnmower Extension
13. Archer Push-up
14. Fingertip Push-up
15. Hanging Leg Raise
16. Clapping Push-up
17. Single Leg Box Jump
18. Chest Tap Push-up
19. Archer Pull-up
20. Clapping Pull-ups
21. Crucifix Push-ups
22. Hanging Wipers
23. Hanging Leg Raise over Lever
24. One-Arm Hanging Leg Lifts
25. Pistol Squat
26. L Seat
27. Muay Thai Push-ups
28. Dragon Flags
29. Ab Crunch Shredder Dips
30. Triple Clap Push-ups
31. Lalanne Push-ups
32. Muscle Ups
33. Standing Ab Wheel Roll outs
34. Bodyweight Tricep Extension
35. One-Arm Push-ups
36. One-Arm, One-Leg Push-ups
37. Thigh Slap Push-ups
38. Aztec Push-ups
39. Superman Push-ups
40. Hannibal for King Leg Flutters for Men
41. One-Handed Clap Push-ups
42. Back Flip Burpees
43. 360 Push-ups

Boot Camp-Style Bodyweight Workout

If you’re ready to intensify your bodyweight training, then you’ll love this 30-Minute Bodyweight Boot Camp Workout You Can Do Anywhere video. Adam Rosante, a celebrity trainer based out of New York City, leads the way in this half-hour of muscle pumping, sweat dripping full-body workout. He makes a wonderful point with this no excuses workout, “You’re going to use the body you have to create the body you want.”

This video includes a warm up, full workout and cool down, as well as lots of motivation from Adam along the way. Another nice thing about this workout is that if you don’t have enough time, the warm up nicely gets your blood flowing and is better than not working out at all.

More Bodyweight Exercises on Pinterest!

Follow Bodybuilding's Bodyweight Exercises Pinterest board.

 




How to Increase HGH Levels Naturally

Top 7 Ways to Naturally Boost Your Body’s Human Growth Hormone (HGH) Levels

By Dan Smith of HGH.com

In recent years, I’ve seen a growing level of interest in how to increase HGH levels naturally, particularly among bodybuilders and athletes. Given the controversy and issues associated with synthetic HGH injections, many people are seeking out natural ways to increase their body’s own production of HGH. This is something that I do myself, and it’s a topic I’ve often discussed with our HGH.com-sponsored athletes – IFBB pros Tricky Jackson, Ben White and Tara Silzer. So I decided to compile our top tips in one blog post, which highlights seven effective ways to naturally boost HGH levels.

HGH Basics and Functions

Before I get into our recommendations, let’s start with a quick review of the basics. Human growth hormone, also known as HGH, is a type of polypeptide hormone secreted by the pituitary gland. As the name implies, HGH triggers growth and repair of bone, cartilage, tissue and muscle. It also helps to improve body composition by increasing muscle mass and metabolizing fat. The pituitary gland produces its highest quantities of HGH during childhood and puberty to support the body’s growth and development. Once a child has reached full adult height, HGH production decreases substantially. In adulthood, HGH tends to be secreted in smaller bursts at specific times – during sleep, after exercise and in response to bodily stress or trauma.

Top 7 Ways to Naturally Increase HGH Levels

While the body generally follows its own set patterns for HGH secretion after puberty, there are a number of proven methods for boosting production on an ongoing basis:

1. Seek alternatives to synthetic HGH injections. While injectable growth hormones have been shown to increase HGH levels, there are a number of issues associated with this practice – including the high cost of injections as well as the fact that they are illegal without a prescription. Another lesser-known caveat is that pumping the body with high levels of artificial growth hormones may actually cause the body to decrease production of its own natural HGH. So, in the long run, it’s better to find natural ways to stimulate increased HGH secretion.

2. Get enough sleep. Since the majority of HGH production in adults occurs overnight during slow-wave sleep (or “deep” sleep), it is essential to get sufficient high-quality sleep – ideally, 7 to 8 hours per night. To help elevate HGH levels, try to adhere to a regular sleep routine: go to bed at the same time every evening and wake up at the same time each morning. It’s also important to have uninterrupted sleep, so avoid consuming alcohol or caffeine before bedtime, as they can interfere with normal sleep patterns. Try to minimize light and noise to avoid interruptions to your sleep schedule, and keep your bedroom at a comfortable temperature so that you don’t awake in the middle of the night shivering or sweating.

3. Adhere to a healthy diet. There is an inverse relationship between insulin and HGH – higher levels of insulin suppress HGH production. Therefore, it is critical to consume the right foods at the right time to regulate insulin levels and promote HGH release. Many experts recommend eating multiple small meals over the course of the day, and the majority agree that it is best to limit your intake of highly processed, complex carbohydrates (like white bread and white rice) as well as sugary food and beverages (including soda and sports drinks made with high-fructose corn syrup), as these can trigger a spike in insulin.

Your best bet is to build your diet around high-fiber, protein-rich foods, such as vegetables, fruits, nuts and beans/legumes. Opt for low-glycemic, slow-digesting carbohydrates like oatmeal, pears, apples, sweet potatoes and brown rice. To help minimize insulin secretion, try eating a low-carb, high-protein snack a few hours before bedtime – think nuts like almonds, pistachios and walnuts; pumpkin or sunflower seeds; edamame; hummus; yogurt; or cottage cheese.

4. Engage in high-intensity interval training. While proper sleep and nutrition are both effective ways to support a natural increase in HGH levels, exercise also plays a critical role. Many different types of exercise can help maintain a healthy body and regulate insulin levels, but high-intensity interval training in particular has the potential to naturally boost HGH levels. This occurs in direct response to the stress on your muscles, signaling the pituitary gland to secrete more HGH to repair the tissue. Several studies have examined the effects of this exercise-induced growth hormone response (EIGR) and determined the associated benefits.

5. Consume whey protein before and after exercise. Research has shown that consuming a rapidly absorbed protein, such as whey protein, may help promote optimal muscle building after resistance exercise. Another study found that consuming whey protein half an hour before resistance training can accelerate metabolism not only during exercise, but up to 24 hours after a workout. HGH.com offers several high-quality whey protein mixes designed to enhance muscularity and stimulate HGH production, including CytoSport Vanilla Whey Protein, Elite Chocolate Mint Whey Protein, Elite Butter Toffee Whey Protein, IsoBolic Vanilla Whey Protein and Multi-Pro Chocolate Whey Protein.

6. Practice occasional fasting. A healthy diet is vital to provide the energy you need to complete intense workouts. However, some studies have suggested that intermittent fasting may be an effective way to balance blood-sugar levels and trigger HGH release. If your workout schedule allows for it, you might want to try periodic fasting on any off days in your training.

7. Add natural HGH releasers to your dietary supplements. Unlike injectable HGH, which introduces synthetic chemicals into your system, natural HGH releasers stimulate your body to produce more of its own HGH. Look for HGH supplements that contain proven natural ingredients, such as L-arginine, L-glutamine, L-leucine, L-tyrosine, bovine colostrum and others. You’ll find many of these naturally derived ingredients in Purity Select health and bodybuilding supplements from HGH.com, including HGH 30,000 Pills, HGH 30,000 Spray, Somatropinne HGH, DBol-GH, Ana-GH and HGH Testosterone Plus.

Following these recommendations will help you increase HGH levels naturally and in a healthy way while also enabling you to attain peak physical condition. Are there any other tips and best practices you implement to boost your HGH production? We invite you to join the conversation and post your comments below!

References:

Besedovsky, Luciana; Lange, Tanja; and Born, Jan. “Sleep and Immune Function”; Pflugers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology; January 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22071480>

Churchward-Venne, Tyler A.; Burd, Nicholas A; and Phillips, Stuart M. “Nutritional Regulation of Muscle Protein Synthesis With Resistance Exercise: Strategies to Enhance Anabolism”; Nutrition & Metabolism; May 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22594765>

Godfrey, Richard J.; Madgwick, Zahra; and Whyte, Gregory P. “The Exercise-Induced Growth Hormone Response in Athletes”; Sports Medicine; July 2003. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12797841>

Hackney, Kyle J.; Bruenger, Adam J.; Lemmer, Jeffrey T. “Timing Protein Intake Increases Energy Expenditure 24 H After Resistance Training”; Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise; May 2010. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19997003>

Harvard Medical School. “Growth Hormone, Athletic Performance, and Aging”; Harvard Men’s Health Watch; May 2010; accessed November 9, 2014. <http://www.health.harvard.edu/newsletters/Harvard_Mens_Health_Watch/2010/May/growth-hormone-athletic-performance-and-aging>

Ho, Kian Y.; Veldhuis, Johannes D.; et al. “Fasting Enhances Growth Hormone Secretion and Amplifies the Complex Rhythms of Growth Hormone Secretion in Man”; The Journal of Clinical Investigation; April 1988. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3127426>

Jackson, Joe. “Unlock Your Potential: How to Boost Your HGH Levels”; Men’s Fitness; accessed November 9, 2014. <http://www.mensfitness.com/nutrition/supplements/unlock-your-potential-how-to-boost-your-hgh-levels>

Nindl, Bradley C.; Pierce, Joseph R.; et al. “Twenty-Hour Growth Hormone Secretory Profiles after Aerobic and Resistance Exercise”; Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise; October 2014. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24576855>





November 2014 Tips from IFBB Pros Presented by HGH.com

HGH.com Presents IFBB Pros & Tips: November 2014 Edition

Get some quick tips and sage advice from some of the most incredible IFBB professionals. For the October 2014 edition of HGH.com’s Tips from IFBB Pros, we bring out the big guns with a quick tip from Steve Kuclo, as well as interviews with the world’s top IFBB bikini and fitness models. Plus, we get to see what life is like for IFBB Pro Karina Nascimento and we’ve added some awesome pins to our dedicated IFBB Pros & Tips Pinterest board to inspire and motivate you.

IFBB Pro Steve Kuclo’s Quick Tip

What’s the correct technique for doing a seated rear delt lateral raise? IFBB Pro Steve Kuclo provides demonstration for completing this bodybuilding rear delt exercise. As one of the main muscle groups that really pops when you’re on stage at a bodybuilding competition, the rear delts can also be well built by doing rear delt lateral raise. All you need is a couple of dumbbells, a flat bench and Steve Kuclo's know-how. Steve also shares whether you should use low, medium or high weight for the best results.

Advice from the World’s Top IFBB Bikini and Fitness Models

Let’s hear the top tips from the world’s best bikini and fitness models. They claim that, "anyone can do it!" When it comes to training, nutrition, taking the proper supplements, and having a personal trainer that cares about your health, consistency is key to get the most incredible results. Remember, it's not just a physical challenge, but it's a mental challenge as well. These IFBB leading ladies also share insight regarding setting goals, staying healthy and fit, and how to prepare for competition.

What's Life Like for IFBB Pro Karina Nascimento

Spend the day with IFBB Pro Karina Nascimento. From a radio show to working out to a photo shoot and more, we get to see how Karina spends her time two days before the New York Pro. Plus, check out what she’s eating and take a look at Karina on stage for the competition. Will she cave for what she craves?

More IFBB Pros & Tips on Pinterest

We’ve added more tips and tricks from the IFBB Pros on Pinterest. Make sure to take a look at this totally awesome Pinterest board filled with inspiration, perspiration and nutrition-related pins from IFBB pros. Stop back by often as we'll continue to update this board.

Follow Bodybuilding's IFBB Pros & Tips Pinterest board.

 




L-Tyrosine Benefits, Uses, Side Effects and Functions

Discover the Function, Sources and Benefits of the Health Supplement Ingredient L-Tyrosine, or 2-Amino-3-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)-Propanoic acid

Tyrosine – also known as L-tyrosine and 2-amino-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-propanoic acid – is an amino acid that is found in certain foods and produced by the body. It serves as a building block of neurotransmitters and protein, and supports proper organ function. Individuals seeking to boost their levels of L-tyrosine can obtain it through food sources as well as in natural health and bodybuilding supplements such as HGH 30,000 Nanograms, HGF-MAX, A-Max 50 and whey protein mixes.

Functions of L-Tyrosine

As an amino acid, L-tyrosine plays a role in protein synthesis. It is also critical for the production of three key neurotransmitters – epinephrine, norepinephrine and dopamine – that support the nervous system and influence mood, and it is involved in the production of melanin (skin pigments). Finally, L-tyrosine helps to maintain proper function of the thyroid, pituitary and adrenal glands, which are responsible for producing and regulating hormones.

Sources of L-Tyrosine

The body naturally manufactures tyrosine from another amino acid called phenylalanine. Dietary sources of tyrosine include soy, eggs, turkey, chicken, fish, dairy (cheese, milk, cottage cheese, yogurt), pork, beef, beans, peanuts, mustard greens, spinach, pumpkin seeds, and seaweed. L-tyrosine may also be consumed as an ingredient within natural dietary supplements.

L-Tyrosine Benefits and Uses

Since tyrosine is involved in producing epinephrine, norepinephrine and dopamine, it appears to help the body manage the effects of stress. Studies suggest that L-tyrosine may help to enhance memory and mental function under physical and psychological stress, including lack of sleep. It also has been shown to reduce fatigue and increase alertness in individuals who are sleep-deprived.

Numerous sources suggest that L-tyrosine functions as a natural human growth hormone (HGH) releaser, also known as an HGH secretagogue. For this reason, L-tyrosine is believed to have a beneficial effect on athletic performance, helping to build muscle and increase endurance.

Side Effects of L-Tyrosine and Potential Interactions

L-tyrosine supplements are generally considered safe for adults. Some people may experience minor side effects such as nausea, headaches and upset stomach, particularly at high dosages. However, individuals who have been diagnosed with hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) or Graves disease should avoid L-tyrosine supplements, as they can exacerbate these conditions due to increased production of thyroxine.

Interactions are possible with some medications. L-tyrosine has the potential to elevate thyroxine levels too high when taken in combination with synthetic thyroid hormones, and it may interfere with the absorption of levodopa (L-dopa) in patients with Parkinson’s disease. L-tyrosine supplements may also cause a severe increase in blood pressure when taken with a class of antidepressant medications known as monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). More detailed safety information on L-tyrosine side effects and interactions can be found on the University of Maryland Medical Center website. As with any medication or health supplement, it is best to consult your physician before taking dietary supplements containing L-tyrosine.

L-Tyrosine Research and Studies

Numerous research studies have explored the impact of L-tyrosine supplements on mental function, memory and alertness, particularly in relation to physical and psychological stress such as sleep deprivation and cold exposure. One such study published in the Brain Research Bulletin examined the effects of L-tyrosine on cadets during a weeklong military combat training course, and found that supplementation improved cognitive performance while reducing systolic blood pressure. Another group of researchers reported in Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine that L-tyrosine supplements had the ability to counteract cognitive performance decreases in subjects required to perform continuous work after losing a night’s sleep. Similarly, an article in Physiology & Behavior stated that L-tyrosine supplements helped alleviate working memory decrements in subjects exposed to severe cold.

In Amino Acids and Proteins for the Athlete: The Anabolic Edge, author Mauro G. Di Pasquale asserted that amino acids such as tyrosine, arginine, leucine and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) all may potentiate HGH secretion. Research into L-tyrosine’s effects on athletic performance, muscle growth and endurance remains ongoing; however, clinical evidence in support of these benefits has not yet been published.

For additional L-tyrosine research, refer to the PubMed site sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

HGH.com Supplements With L-Tyrosine

Athletes, bodybuilders and fitness enthusiasts can harness the benefits of L-tyrosine with natural HGH releasers and bodybuilding supplements from HGH.com:

HGH 30,000 Pills and HGH 30,000 Spray – Available in both capsule and spray forms, HGH 30,000 Nanograms promotes HGH production with a powerful combination of L-group amino acids, including L-tyrosine. These oral supplements support muscle growth, fat-burning, increased energy and other benefits.

HGF MAX – These bodybuilding supplements are formulated to naturally boost HGH production with ingredients such as L-tyrosine and other amino acids, which help to build muscle, enhance muscle tone, increase metabolism and improve stamina.

Anapolan Max 50 (A-Max 50) – Designed to help bodybuilders achieve rapid muscle mass increases, A-Max 50 features L-tyrosine and other active ingredients to promote lean muscle gain, stimulate HGH production and elevate testosterone levels.

Multi-Pro Chocolate Whey Protein – With nearly 500 milligrams of L-tyrosine and 24 grams of protein per serving, Multi-Pro is a complete protein supplement that is intended to help users build muscle, reduce body fat and improve the immune system.

CytoSport Vanilla Whey Protein – One serving of low-fat, low-lactose, CytoSport whey protein contains 3 grams of L-tyrosine and a full 18 grams of protein. It is formulated to aid in developing lean muscle mass and recovering more quickly after intense training.

TakeOFF Maximum Catalyst – Tyrosine is intended to fulfill several functions in the TakeOFF fat-burner formula: raising norepinephrine levels to promote thermogenesis, restoring neurotransmitters to support mental focus and improving thyroid function to boost metabolism.

NxLabs Plasmavol and NxLabs Pump System – These NxLabs supplements contain amino acids such as L-tyrosine to help boost nitric oxide production, improve muscle pumps and vascularity, and increase strength.

References (Function, Sources, Benefits/Uses and Side Effects/Interactions):

NYU Langone Medical Center. “Tyrosine”; published under “Herbs & Supplements”; last reviewed September 2014. <http://www.med.nyu.edu/content?ChunkIID=21794>

University of Maryland Medical Center. “Tyrosine”; published under the “Complementary and Alternative Medicine Guide” on the website; last updated May 7, 2013. <http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/supplement/tyrosine>

Presser, Art. “Amino Acids”; Smart Supplementation, published by Huntington College of Health Sciences; 2009. <http://www.hchs.edu/literature/Amino%20Acids.pdf>

WebMD and Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. “Tyrosine”; published under “Vitamins & Supplements”; accessed September 29, 2014. <http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-1037-tyrosine.aspx?activeingredientid=1037&activeingredientname=tyrosine>

Research Sources:

Colzato, Lorenza S.; de Haan, Annelies M.; and Hommel, Bernhard. “Food for Creativity: Tyrosine Promotes Deep Thinking”; Psychological Research; September 2014. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25257259>

Deijen, Jan B.; Wientjes, Cornelis J.; et al. “Tyrosine Improves Cognitive Performance and Reduces Blood Pressure in Cadets After One Week of a Combat Training Course”; Brain Research Bulletin; January 1999. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10230711>

Di Pasquale, Mauro G. “Chapter 6: Physiological and Pharmacological Actions of Amino Acids”; Amino Acids and Proteins for the Athlete: The Anabolic Edge, Second Edition; Boca Raton, FL: 2008; pg. 200. <http://books.google.com/books?isbn=1420043811>

Mahoney, Caroline R.; Castellani, John.; et al. “Tyrosine Supplementation Mitigates Working Memory Decrements During Cold Exposure”; Physiology & Behavior; November 23, 2007. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17585971>

Neri, David F.; Wiegmann, Douglas A.; et al. “The Effects of Tyrosine on Cognitive Performance During Extended Wakefulness”; Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine; April 1995. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7794222>






HGH Supplement Reviews, Benefits and Uses

Over-the-Counter HGH Supplement Reviews, Benefits and Uses

HGH.com is a leading provider of natural human growth hormone (HGH) supplements, as well as other bodybuilding and overall health supplements. Designed to naturally and safely increase HGH levels, the HGH supplements we offer are injection-free and there's no need for a prescription. Best of all, the reviews speak for themselves. Explore these examples to gain more insight into what our HGH supplements are all about.

HGH Reviews, HGH Benefits, HGH Supplements

Somatropinne HGH

Specially formulated with eight proven amino acid releasers and six of the most potent growth factors, Somatropinne HGH is the strongest injection-free HGH dosage allowed. Ideal for fitness and increasing muscle tone, Somatropinne HGH is generally used to:

  • Enhance biceps, pectorals, abdominals and obliques
  • Build lean muscle
  • Lose weight
  • Encourage anti-aging
  • Increase rejuvenation

Somatropinne HGH is often the HGH supplementation of choice for professionals as a bodybuilding supplement, to build lean muscle and for weight loss. Dianna, who is in her 30s, wrote us to say, "I've been sleeping better on this for sure! I work out three to four times a week. I have lost 5 pounds since and feel great." With similar results, Michael says, "This product is a miracle drug. I'm 31 and finally able to tone my body. I've always carried five to 10 extra pounds of flab and this took it out and toned me up. I wish I found it years ago!"

HGH 30,000 Nanograms Spray

The new and improved HGH 30,000 formula combines six of the most potent growth factors with eight proven amino acid releasers, along with deer antler velvet in a convenient liquid spray form. This HGH 30,000 spray is known to:

  • Increase energy
  • Enhance muscle growth
  • Improve bodybuilding
  • Reverse aging effects
  • Increase mass gain

HGH 30,000 Nanograms Spray is commonly used for bodybuilding cycles to improve energy and increase muscle growth. As our #1 HGH spray supplement, this HGH 30,000 Spray has helped many people achieve incredible results.

Jason sent us a note to say, "This product is amazing!" Another customer, known only by the screen-name Awesome, wrote to us and let us know that, "This product is truly great. I've seen incredible gains from it and I fully recommend it. I know that there are pro football players using this exact same spray!"

"I'm proud to represent HGH.com and endorse the Purity Select line of natural bodybuilding supplements," said IFBB pro "Tricky" Jackson. Check out this video on how Jackson uses HGH Spray just before his arms and bicep workout two weeks out of the 2014 Arnold Classic.

HGH 30,000 Nanograms Pill

Formulated to increase and maintain your HGH levels, HGH 30,000 Nanograms Pill provide an advanced blend of HGH, L-group amino acids and human growth factors. This proprietary formula is ideal for helping you maintain HGH levels after using a stronger supplement, such as the HGF Max or Somatropinne. Additionally, this supplement offers many amazing benefits:

  • Increases energy
  • Enhances muscle conditioning
  • Improves bodybuilding
  • Reverses the effects of aging
  • Increases mass gain

The HGH pill form of HGH 30,000 will help you look, feel and perform your best, much like it did for David, who wrote us to say, "I'm taking this after I took Somatropinne for three months and these two products really have turned my life around. I've never felt better. My backache is gone and I'm more active. I'm 40 years old and feel like 30 again.

HGF Max

If you're ready to increase your HGH levels and improve your overall health, then HGF Max is the supplement for you. Known for creating more lean muscle, while reducing your overall body fat percentage, HGF Max is a breakthrough in modern science and provides additional benefits, such as:

  • Elevated HGH levels
  • Improved muscle gains
  • Increased metabolism
  • Enhanced muscle tones
  • Increased energy
  • Boosted immune system
  • Improved sleep

Lawrence Heckathorne shared his incredible HGF Max story with us: "In January 2103, I was 51 years old and had my right knee totally replaced. During the physical rehab process, my therapist pushed too hard on my ankle to achieve more range of motion to my knee. Well, my patella tendon ruptured completely causing my knee cap to slide up into my quadriceps. VERY PAINFUL. After four months in cast, I was finally able to use a walker and go back to another physical therapy chain. During the next few months of blood sweat and tears I found HGH.com and ordered some HGF MAX. After a few months of taking the product I noticed a gradual increase in muscle mass in my right leg. This was awesome because my orthopedic surgeon said because of the severity of my injury I was only going to get back 60% use of my muscles. In May 2014, I'm walking backwards, even up and down stairs, which I was told I would never be able to do. I use HGF Max and my home gym weight stack with all arm and leg attachments, and a lot of hard work. With the HGF Max I feel stronger at 52 than I did at 30. Best regards to all who want to achieve great results using this product, IT WORKS!"

Discover which HGH supplements can help you achieve the results you desire!




Legal Human Growth Hormone Pills are Effective and Gaining Large Popularity

 
HGH Supplements are effective ways to 
supplement Human Growth Hormone Levels

Legal Growth Hormone Pills are Effective

Injections are no longer the only way to get the hormones into your system. Considering that human growth hormone is naturally produced in your body already, it is certainly a better option to invest in HGH pills due to their safe nature compared to injections. Taking HGH pills are also not as high maintenance as getting injections. Using the pills is ultimately better for you because human growth hormone injections are expensive and sometimes a painful procedure.

The Rise of HGH Pills

In order to combat the growing cost of injections, legal growth hormone pills were developed and our industry began. Many pills contain a blend of ingredients, including pituitary powder, L-Arginine, and a many other ingredients. Depending on the pill, ingredients are put together because when certain ingredients are combined, a synergy effect ensues. Certain combinations have been the subject of rigorous testing and scientific study. The end result is that HGH Pills can give you many of the advantages of the HGH injections, but without the need for a prescription, without the medical procedure, and, most importantly, without the high cost. These pills are fully legal and they are commercially available. http://www.hgh.com produces our own proprietary HGH Supplements, in addition to a variety of other pills and supplements.

In some ways, HGH pills are actually better than injections. After the injections, some people have talked about feelings of numbness or tingling. This can also happen with the pills, but it is not as common and it is not as intense. The reason is that each pill gives you merely a fraction of what you would get in an injection, and pills mainly get your body reproducing its own hormone, rather than substituting with foreign hormone. Since you are taking the pills over time, you spread out the doses as well, which can be looked at as a healthier way for your body to acquire the extra hormones. It is more true to the way that your pituitary gland functions than an injection. This methodology is an alternative and gives you an improved option that is also more affordable.

Effects of HGH Pills

Those who have been using legal growth hormone capsules have said that they are very effective. Small, consistent doses have had a large impact in their lives, as evidenced by recent reviews. Some of the things that you can expect to see include:
  • The development of strong, lean muscles all over your body.
  • An increase in your overall energy during the day, especially while performing physical tasks.
  • Increased stamina during exercise and routine workouts.
  • The reduction of fat due to changes in energy and muscle.
  • Faster healing rates after being injured.
  • An improved libido that is similar to your sex drive when you were younger.
Do not just assume that you need to get injections if you want higher levels of human growth hormone. The industry has changed quite a bit in recent years, and capsules are now taking over on the market. If you are not convinced, just start with a three month supply. Take them in conjunction with a workout plan and a healthy diet, and you will see the results. You will find out after that short time that HGH pills really work, that they have a lasting and positive impact on your body.

Visit http://www.hgh.com for more information.



The Benefits of Human Growth Hormone Products Explained and Summarized

 
 
Using HGH Supplements can have a
profound benefit to you and your health

What are the Benefits of Growth Hormone Products?

With so much discussion of HGH, there's still a lot of questions about the benefits. They do seem endless... I've posted many times about some benefits, but will summarize in here.

The human body naturally secretes growth hormones through the pituitary gland. Those who do not produce enough of the hormone in their body turn to HGH products as a remedy (or those who want to simply get more hormone for strength and other reasons). HGH pills provide a natural option to those in need of an increase of this type of hormone.

The use of HGH in sports has led it to be extremely controversial and is often compared to steroids. However, HGH it is actually very different from steroids. While fabricated steroids help the body to create extra muscle mass, growth hormone pills use the naturally-occurring hormones to increase overall growth and healing in the body. These hormones stimulate cell growth and increase the healing process in the human body every day.

Before reading on, you can view our web site, http://www.hgh.com for HGH Pills and HGH Supplements.

Using the HGH Pill for Recovery

One of the most common uses for growth hormone products is in the realm of recovery after an injury. This is why it was initially used in sports. Athletes who had been hurt would take them so that their cells could regenerate faster than they naturally would, creating new tissue to replace that which was lost. Surgery was often needed to fix the ailment, but the HGH would then help the body to heal after the combined damage caused by the injury and the treatment, allowing the athlete to get back on the field.


Using HGH in Children


In common culture, an HGH pill may be given to a child who is not growing quickly enough. During the early stages of a child's life, his or her growth must reach a certain level. Growth slows and then stops as the child reaches adulthood, meaning that a stunted natural growth could impact the entirety of the child's life. HGH can rectify this problem by pushing cells to reproduce more quickly, allowing a child with a deficiency to grow at the same rate as his or her peers. Most often HGH as a prescribed injection is given to the child by his or her doctor as HGH injection is considered a controlled drug and will be more effective.

Further Benefits of the HGH Pill

Growth hormone products can benefit children and adults, regardless if the individual (likely an adult) has not been injured and are not seeking recovery treatment. The pills can aid many people by providing the following benefits:
  • Improved levels of bone density.
  • An increase in overall muscle mass.
  • An increased rate of growth in nails and hair.
  • Decreasing levels of adipose tissue.
  • An improved immune system.
  • An improved circulatory system.
  • Better blood lipid levels than were previously noted.
Adults who suffer from medical conditions may find growth hormone products to be a manner of treatment. For instance, the products have been used as a way to treat Turner syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, and the cachexi, or wasting, that can come about as a result of AIDS.

Though HGH has been around for decades, the full benefits are still being explored. It can be seen that this natural hormone can certainly help those who have a deficiency or some other medical issue that needs to be addressed. There may be many more benefits that come along with growth hormone products, and these will be uncovered as further long-term testing of the pill is conducted.

For more information on HGH and HGH Pills, visit Wiki - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hgh, or HGH.com - http://www.hgh.com.

 







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