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2015 NPC Colorado State Championships Results & Winners

2015 NPC Colorado State Championships

2015 NPC Tokyo Joes Colorado State Championships
When: Saturday July 11, 2015
Where: Buell Theater, Denver Performing Arts Complex, 1101 13th Street, Denver, CO 80204

Congratulations to all participants of the 2015 NPC Colorado State Championships. The 2015 NPC Colorado State Championships bodybuilding, figure, bikini, and physique competitions were held the weekend of July 11, 2015 ​at he theBuell Theater, Denver Performing Arts Complex. HGH.com, leading manufacturer of natural HGH and bodybuilding supplements, is proud to present the winners from each event.

MEN'S BODYBUILDING
Colorado Overall
Sylvester Cain

Overall Winner
Sylvester Cain

Super Heavyweight
1. Scott Butz
2. Joseph Waterhouse
3. Jason Brant

Sylvester Cain   Light Heavyweight Bodybuilding (1st) Overall (1st) 2015 NPC Colorado State Championships

          Scott Butz Super Heavyweight Bodybuilding (1st) 2015 NPC Colorado State Championships

Sylvester Cain
  Light Heavyweight Bodybuilding (1st) Overall (1st)
Scott Butz
Super Heavyweight Bodybuilding (1st)

Colorado Heavyweight
1. Joel Davis
2. Joshua Yushka
3. David Lindberg

Colorado Light Heavyweight
1. Sylvester Cain
2. Adam Young
3. Corey Frint
4. Anthony (Tony) Polidoro
5. Tyler Cutsinger
6. Mike Meachum

Colorado Middleweight
1. Sylvester Cain
2. Brad Helm
3. Todd Bohnert
4. Greg Choate
5. Jeremy Sipes
6. Brad Fleming
7. Isaac Rodriguez

Colorado Super Heavyweight
1. Joseph Waterhouse
2. Matthew Whittington
3. Jason Brant

Heavyweight
1. Colton Johnson
2. Joshua Yushka
3. Michael Simunaci
4. David Lindberg

Light Heavyweight
1. Sylvester Cain
2. Adam Young
3. Corey Frint
4. Anthony (Tony) Polidoro
5. Donnie Bivens
6. Tyler Cutsinger
7. Mike Meachum

Middleweight
1. Justin Freeman
2. Brad Helm
3. Todd Bohnert
4. Jake Parrish
5. Ricky Villarreal
6. Brad Fleming
7. Derrick Jiron
8. Isaac Rodriguez

Welterweight
1. Jeremy Goldstein
2. Greg Choate

Lightweight
1. Michael Pauly

Novice Heavyweight
1. Joseph Waterhouse
2. Joel Davis
3. Matthew Whittington
4. Earl Worth

Novice Lightweight
1. Michael Pauly

Novice Middleweight
1. Andrew Salvi

Bantamweight
1. Gregory Damian

Masters Over 40
1. Brad Helm
2. Donnie Bivens
3. Todd Bohnert
4. Matthew Whittington
5. Jason Brant

Masters Over 45
1. Earl Worth

Masters Over 50
1. Gregg Russo
2. Mike Meachum
3. Brad Fleming
4. Bill Marshall

Masters Over 60
1. Rick Jiron
2. Rich Gutman
   
FIGURE
Class A
1. Christine Cecilione
2. Chelsey Cortese
3. Bethania Chavarria
4. DeNece Crowe
5. Morgan Mead
6. Monica Martinez

Class B
1. Karen Spivey
2. Stacie Gladwell
3. Lynn Tonozzi
4. Syndi Dunham
5. Victoria Coonts
6. Lucha Michelle Suarez
7. Kimberly Rumfola
8. Mellisa Smith
9. Jeanette Bustamante
10. Rachel Scutt
11. Sarah Love
12. Lauren Kennedy

Christine Cecilione Figure Class A Winner (1st) 2015 NPC Colorado State Championships

            Sarah Kornhauser Figure Class C Winner (1st) 2015 NPC Colorado State Championships

Christine Cecilione
Figure Class A Winner (1st)
Sarah Kornhauser
Figure Class C Winner (1st)

Class C
1. Sarah Kornhauser
2. Tamika Irvin
3. Megan Cronin
4. Amanda Smith
5. Kathryn Kagler
6. Kristin Radosta
7. Rebecca Wallace
8. Kelly OGara
9. Samantha Catlin
10. Ashley Balais
11. Alyssa Stemley

Class D
1. Marcia Regula
2. Beth Chumbley
3. Lydia Whitehead
4. Carrie Keyes
5. Jenna Serino
6. Lisa Duncan
7. Jessica Stemley

Novice Class A
1. Stacie Gladwell
2. Sydni Dunham
3. Lucha Michelle Suarez
4. Victoria Coonts
5. DeNece Crowe
6. Bethania Chavarria
7. Jeanette Bustamante
8. Morgan Mead
9. Lauren Kennedy
10. Sarah Love

Novice Class B
1. Megan Cronin
2. Kristin Radosta
3. Kelly OGara
4. Beth Chumbley
5. Samantha Catlin
6. Michelle Kramer
7. Ashley Balais
8. Alyssa Stemley

Novice Class C
1. Carrie Keyes
2. Lisa Duncan
3. Lydia Whitehead
4. Jenna Serino
5. Jessica Stemley
6. Lori Lazorishak

True Novice
1. Megan Cronin
2. Lucha Michelle Suarez
3. Lydia Whitehead
4. Bethania Chavarria
5. Samantha Catlin
6. Ashley Balais
7. Sarah Love

Masters Over 35
1. Sarah Kornhauser
2. Megan Cronin
3. Mellisa Smith
4. Rebecca Wallace

Masters Over 40
1. Karen Spivey
2. Stacie Gladwell
3. Lisa Duncan
4. Kathryn Kagler
5. Kelly OGara
6. Monica Martinez

Masters Over 45
1. Debbie Raday
2. Kimberly Rumfola
3. DeNece Crowe
4. Lori Lazorishak

Masters Over 50
1. Lynn Tonozzi
2. Christin Cleaver
   
BIKINI
Class A
1. Aleece Arias
2. Allie Arias
3. Mandy Huber
4. Rose Cain
5. Krystalynn Troyer
6. Angelique Cedillo
7. Alexis Reeves

Class B
1. Alicia Knight
2. Alyssa Russo
3. Casey Pape
4. Catelyn Holstlaw
5. Lou Young
6. Stephanie Harrison
7. Ellyn Ebner
8. Erica Lobato
9. Monica Quinn
10. Shona Herbert

Class C
1. Alexis Camerlo
2. Kiley Draper
3. Megan Prach
4. Lauren Knight
5. Livie Lusby
6. Elsa Mancia
7. Brooke Womack
8. Victoria Thierens
9. Jessica Sheldon
10. Amanda Bevington

Alexis Camerlo Bikini Class C Winner (1st) 2015 NPC Colorado State Championships

           Sommer Ray Bikini Class D Winner (1st) 2015 NPC Colorado State Championships

Alexis Camerlo
Bikini Class C Winner (1st)
Sommer Ray
Bikini Class D Winner (1st)

Class D
1. Sommer Ray
2. Amy Kapustensky
3. Kristin Coggins
4. Amanda Lohmann
5. Marie Bluitt
6. Andrea Smith
7. Sofia Wigmore
8. Jenny Adams
9. Marybelle Barragan
10. Chelsea Gray
11. Michelle Elkins
12. Sahara Harding
13. Briana Phillips
14. Christienne Mathews

Class E
1. Julia Sandoval
2. Sierra Alexander
3. Lauren Dannermiller
4. Tory Wright
5. Heather Jeppson
6. Melissa Lorenzo
7. Nicole Stanley
8. Beth Schwartz
9. McKenzie West
10. Sj Krieg
11. Khrystian Veals
12. Michelle Foster
13. Kristin Henry
14. Shayln Knight
15. Brittany Sand
15. Katy Tussey
15. Larissa Fortune
15. Leah Rosendale
15. Sierra Degrasse

Class F
1. Sami Davis
2. Cierra Wilde
3. Sara Hartman
4. Shelby Loflin
5. Sasha Overbaugh
6. Cassidy Bybee
7. Elaine Tai
8. Havilande Green
9. Alexandrea Smith
10. Annamarie DiNero
11. Alicia Knight

Novice Class A
1. Mandy Huber
2. Rose Cain
3. Shona Herbert
4. Ellyn Ebner
5. Angelique Cedillo
6. LaQurrie MCGee
7. Alexis Reeves
8. Natalia Garpestad

Novice Class B
1. Alyssa Russo
2. Alicia Dean
3. Lauren Knight
4. Livie Lusby
5. Victoria Thierens
6. Erica Lobato
7. Brooke Womak
8. Amanda Bevington
9. Jessica Sheldon
10. Monica Quinn
11. Monique Santiago
12. Dona Davis

Novice Class C
1. Amy Kapustensky
2. Kristin Coggins
3. Marie Bluitt
4. Amanda Lohmann
5. McKenzie West
6. Andrea Smith
7. Sofia Wigmore
8. Jenny Adams
9. Nicole Stanley
10. Marybelle Barragan
11. Sahara Harding
12. Chelsea Gray
13. Beth Schwartz
14. Michelle Elkins
15. Briana Phillips
15. Jami Alleman
15. Khrystian Veals
15. Kristin Henry
15. Leah Rosendale

Novice Class D
1. Sami Davis
2. Shelby Loflin
3. Sara Hartman
4. Michelle Foster
5. Cierra Wilde
6. Havilande Green
7. Cassidy Bybee
8. Sj Krieg
9. Steele Moore
10. Elaine Tai
11. Shayln Knight
12. Brittany Sand
13. Katy Tussey
14. Tanisha Burrell
15. Alexandrea Smith

True Novice Class A
1. Amy Kapustensky
2. Alicia Dean
3. Kristin Coggins
4. Marybelle Barragan
5. McKenzie West
6. Jenny Adams
7. Rose Cain
8. Sahara Harding
9. Elaine Tai
10. Khrystian Veals
11. Michelle Foster
12. Brooke Womack
13. Shona Herbert
14. Amanda Bevington
15. Jami Alleman
15. Nicole Stanley

True Novice Class B
1. Casey Pape
2. Andrea Smith
3. Shelby Loflin
4. Mandy Huber
5. Lauren Knight
6. Sj Kreig
7. Beth Schwartz
8. Steele Moore
9. Jessica Sheldon
10. Briana Phillips
11. Monica Quinn
12. Leah Rosendale
13. Kayla Pierson
14. Dona Davis

Masters Over 35
1. Jenny Adams
2. Mellisa Lorenzo
3. Kristin Henry
4. Larissa Fortune

Masters Over 40
1. Stephanie Harrison
2. Sasha Overbaugh
3. Natasha Kizmet
4. Donnetta Peterson
5. Amelia Sanchez

Masters Over 50
1. Evonne McCormick
2. Christienne Mathews
3. Dona Davis

MEN'S PHYSIQUE
Overall Winner
Jason Antoine

Class A
1. Jeremy Sipes
2. Antonio Pena
3. Murad Moriasy
4. Andrew Armand
5. Leo Lopez
6. Lucas Woods
7. Matt Hessen
8. Phillip Metz
9. Ryan Seely
10. Steve Larios
11. Michael DeMarco
12. Scott Rizzotto
13. Deshawn Anderson
14. Dan Hoover
15. Logan Broz

Class B
1. Miles Dyer
2. Mersudin Durmisevic
3. Mike Brown
4. Justin Gohn
5. Joe Alba
6. Gerad Wunderlich
7. Brandon Dillie
8. Chris Calicchia
9. Gregg Russo
10. Malachi Ceballos
11. Jeremy Dittmer
12. Brian Furer
13. Forrest Browne
14. Tanner Lee
15. Chris Pentecost
15. Joel Brim

Jason Antoine Physique Class C (1st) Overall Winner (1st) 2015 NPC Colorado State Championships

           Rayner Whitchombe Physique Class D Winner (1st) 2015 NPC Colorado State Championships

Jason Antoine
Physique Class C (1st) Overall Winner (1st)
Rayner Whitchombe
Physique Class D Winner (1st)

Class C
1. Jason Antoine
2. Charlie Kornhauser
3. Terry Foste
4. Justin Lawrence
5. Thomas Niewohner
6. Lucas LeBonde
7. Peter Stur
8. Adam Felkey
9. Matt McDonald
10. Justin Harman
11. Terin DeVoto Noonan
12. Chris Gindro

Class D
1. Rayner Whitchombe
2. Phillip Murphy
3. Saman Manzouri
4. David Raday II
5. Cameron Saheb
6. Reece Stanley
7. Joel David
8. Dustin Massey
9. Geremey Gibson
10. Alejandro Mora
11. Timothy Horsch
12. Derek Munson
13. Daniel Dockendorf

Novice Class A
1. Philip Metz
2. Murad Moriasy
3. Michael DeMarco
4. Ryan Seely
5. Deshawn Anderson

Novice Class B
1. Phillip Metz
2. Murad Moriasy
3. Michael DeMarco
4. Ryan Seely
5. Deshawn Anderson
6. Chad Yetka
7. Logan Broz
8. Benigno Puente
9. Christ Pentecost

Novice Class C
1. Saman Manzouri
2. Joel Davis
3. Geremey Gibson
4. Thomas Newohner
5. Dustin Massey
6. Justin Harman
7. Timothy Horsch
8. Ronald Brown
9. Ryan Riedeisper
10. Daniel Dockendorf
11. Phillip Guerrero

True Novice
1. Mike Brown
2. Chris Calicchia
3. Phillip Metz
4. Thomas Niewohner
5. Dustin Massey
6. Geremey Gibson
7. Aaron Mach
8. Timothy Horsch
9. Tanner Lee
10. Lou Hampers
11. Chad Yetka
12. Justin Harman
13. Christ Pentecost
14. Tj Cole

Masters Over 35
1. Mike Brown
2. Justin Lawrence
3. Matt McDonald
4. Brian Furer
5. Joel Brim

Masters Over 42
1. Scott Rizzotto
2. Chris Calicchia
3. Andrew Armand
4. Thomas Niewohner
5. Lou Hampers
6. Ronald Brown
7. Ed Nortier
8. Chris Pentecost

Masters Over 50
1. Gregg Russo
2. Chad Yetka
3. Tj Cole

   
FITNESS

1. Heather Berry


To see all results and photos 2015 NPC Tokyo Joes Colorado State Championships visit - <http://contests.npcnewsonline.com/contests/2015/npc_colorado_state_championships//>

Be sure to visit the HGH.com blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.




Cowhage Benefits, Uses, Side Effects and Functions

Discover the Function, Sources and Benefits of the Health Supplement Ingredient Cowhage, or Mucuna Pruriens

Mucuna pruriens – also known as cowhage, cowitch or velvet bean – is a plant that grows in tropic and sub-tropic regions. It is classified as a legume and has seed-producing pods. If the hairy outer covering of the pods touches human skin, it can cause contact dermatitis and severe itching; however, extracts from the plant have long been used in traditional medicine. Today, Mucuna pruriens is often used as an ingredient in health and bodybuilding supplements, such as HGH 30,000 Spray, Somatropinne HGH and Anapolan-MAX 50.

Functions of Cowhage

While Mucuna pruriens is technically classified as a vegetable, its extract is more commonly consumed in the form of medicine or supplements. Cowhage is a good natural source of levodopa, or L-dopa, which in the human body serves as a precursor for the neurotransmitter dopamine. Since L-dopa is used in the treatment of Parkinson’s Disease, cowhage has been widely studied for its potential in this area. In addition, cowhage extract is noted for its anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and antioxidant properties, which are also believed to be due to the presence of L-dopa. And because L-dopa has been shown to stimulate human growth hormone (HGH) secretion and synthesis, some experts believe that the L-dopa in cowhage may act as an HGH releaser.

Sources of Cowhage

Indigenous to southern China and eastern India, Mucuna pruriens is cultivated in Asia, Africa, and parts of North and Central America, as well as the Caribbean and Pacific Islands. The plant is rich in protein and minerals; and in some cultures, cowhage pods and beans are prepared as food. In Mexico and Guatemala, the seeds are roasted and used as a coffee substitute known as “Nescafe” (though there is no relation to the trademarked coffee brand of the same name). However, in the United States, cowhage is most commonly used in extract form as an ingredient in medicines and dietary supplements.

Cowhage Benefits and Uses

As a natural source of L-dopa, cowhage has been most widely studied and used as a treatment for Parkinsonism and Parkinson’s disease. Evidence suggests it may also benefit other dopamine-related conditions, such as tardive dyskinesia. The plant’s L-dopa content has been shown to increase dopamine and testosterone levels in adult males while suppressing prolactin levels, which supports cowhage’s traditional use as an aphrodisiac and fertility enhancer. Studies have also shown it can reduce cortisol levels, which in turn may lower perceived stress levels and contribute to a sense of well-being. Because L-dopa has been shown to stimulate HGH levels, cowhage extract is frequently used as an ingredient in health and bodybuilding supplements, in which it is believed to promote muscle growth and act as a fat-burner.

Numerous other positive effects have been attributed to cowhage extract, including anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, anti-epileptic, anti-microbial and antioxidant properties. Various studies have explored its potential for treating diabetes, skin diseases and other pathologies. Cowhage has also been successfully used as an anti-venom that counters the toxic effects of some snake bites, such as from cobras and other vipers.

Side Effects of Cowhage and Potential Interactions

Supplements containing Mucuna pruriens extract are generally considered safe for healthy adults. Some minor side effects have been reported, such as nausea and a bloated feeling in the abdomen; less common side effects include vomiting, headaches, jitteriness and insomnia. However, individuals with certain medical conditions or anyone taking medications contraindicated for L-dopa should exercise caution when taking supplements containing cowhage extract. L-dopa can cause low blood pressure, lightheadedness and fainting in patients with cardiovascular disease, and it may cause blood sugar levels to drop too low in people with diabetes or hypoglycemia. The L-dopa in cowhage may also worsen some conditions, such as liver disease, melanoma, gastrointestinal ulcers or mental illness. Cowhage supplements should not be taken in conjunction with monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) antidepressants or when taking methyldopa for hypertension. Moderate interactions may occur with other antihypertensive drugs (guanethidine), insulin, diabetes medications, antipsychotic drugs, tricyclic antidepressants or anesthesia.

More detailed safety information on cowhage side effects and interactions can be found on healthcare websites such as WebMD. As with any medication or health supplement, it is best to consult your physician before taking dietary supplements containing cowhage extract.

Cowhage Research and Studies

Numerous studies have examined the pharmacological effects of Mucuna pruriens extract, primarily in relation to its L-dopa content. A 2012 review published in Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine highlights the plant’s medicinal properties and related research findings, many of which are summarized above in the “Cowhage Benefits and Uses” section of this article. Research published in Clinical Neuropharmacology, Parkinsonism & Related Disorders, and the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry have demonstrated the value of cowhage extract in treating the symptoms of Parkinsonism and Parkinson’s disease. In fact, some studies suggest that cowhage extract may have advantages over conventional L-dopa preparations, such as reducing the risk of drug-induced dyskinesia (DID).

Research dating from the early 1970s to present has established that L-dopa has the potential to stimulate HGH secretion and synthesis, as documented in Clinical Interventions in Aging and in several studies published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. One study featured in Nutrition and Metabolic Insights specifically investigated the effects of a Mucuna pruriens (velvet bean) and Chlorophytum borivilianum blend supplement on serum growth hormone levels in exercise-trained men, and found that it produced an increase in circulating HGH levels.

Other studies have indicated that cowhage supplements may contribute to a wide range of health benefits, from treating male infertility to improving sleep quality. Animal studies also suggest that cowhage extract may help reduce blood glucose levels and lower cholesterol, triglycerides and phospholipids. However, further clinical studies are needed to definitively support these findings and their potential applications in humans.

For additional cowhage research, refer to the PubMed site sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

HGH.com Supplements With Cowhage

Athletes, bodybuilders and fitness enthusiasts can harness the health benefits of cowhage through natural fitness and bodybuilding supplements from HGH.com:

HGH 30,000 Nanograms Spray – This convenient HGH spray features a proprietary blend of ingredients designed to stimulate HGH release. In addition to L-dopa from cowhage seed extract, other natural ingredients include GABA, deer antler velvet, long jack and L-group amino acids. HGH 30,000 Spray is formulated to support muscle growth, mass gain, fat burning and other health benefits.

Somatropinne HGH – Purity Select’s natural Somatropinne HGH capsules contain a proprietary blend of plant extracts, including cowhage seeds, maca, hawthorn berry and horny goat weed. As an over-the-counter HGH releaser, this supplement is intended to help athletes build lean muscle and gain increased energy, while also providing weight-loss and anti-aging benefits.

A-MAX 50 – Anapolan-MAX is formulated to support lean muscle gain while increasing HGH production and testosterone levels. In addition to cowhage extract, the proprietary blend of ingredients in A-MAX 50 includes Tribulus terrestris, shilajit, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and L-tyrosine.

References (Function, Sources, Benefits/Uses and Side Effects/Interactions):

Examine.com. “Mucuna Pruriens”; published under “Supplements”; accessed June 16, 2015.

Gonzalez, Adam. “Supplement Spotlight: Get Shredded With Fat Burners”; Muscle & Fitness; accessed June 16, 2015.

Men’s Fitness Editors. “Fat Burner Buyer’s Guide Q&A”; Men’s Fitness; accessed June 16, 2015.

University of Maryland Medical Center. “Mucuna Pruriens”; published under “Complementary and Alternative Medicine Guide”; last reviewed April 8, 2014; accessed June 16, 2015, 2015.

WebMD and Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. “Cowhage”; published under “Vitamins & Supplements”; accessed June 16, 2015.

Research Sources:

Alleman, Rick J., Jr.; Robert E. Canale; et al. “A Blend of Chlorophytum Borivilianum and Velvet Bean Increases Serum Growth Hormone in Exercise-Trained Men”; Nutrition and Metabolic Insights; October 2, 2011.

Chihara, Kazuo; Yoichi Kashio; et al. “L-Dopa Stimulates Release of Hypothalamic Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone in Humans”; The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism; March 1986.

Dharmarajan, Satheesh Kumar and Kottai Muthu Arumugam. “Comparative Evaluation of Flavone From Mucuna Pruriens and Coumarin From Ionidium Suffruticosum for Hypolipidemic Activity in Rats Fed With High Fat Diet”; Lipids in Health and Disease; October 2012.

Kansal, Prakash C.; John Buse; et al. “The Effect of L-Dopa on Plasma Growth Hormone, Insulin, and Thyroxine”; The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism; January 1972.

Katzenschlager, Regina; Alan C. Evans; et al. “Mucuna Pruriens in Parkinson's Disease: A Double Blind Clinical and Pharmacological Study”; Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry; December 2004.

Lampariello, Lucia Raffaella; Alessio Cortelazzo; et al. “The Magic Velvet Bean of Mucuna Pruriens”; Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine; October-December 2012.

Lieu, Christopher A.; Allen R. Kunselman; et al. “A Water extract of Mucuna Pruriens Provides Long-Term Amelioration of Parkinsonism With Reduced Risk for Dyskinesias”; Parkinsonism & Related Disorders; August 2010.
<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2909380/>

Majekodunmi, Stephen O. Ademola A Oyagbemi; et al. “Evaluation of the Anti-Diabetic Properties of Mucuna Pruriens Seed Extract”; Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine; August 2011.

McCarthy, Cameron G.; Rick J. Alleman; et al. “A Dietary Supplement Containing Chlorophytum Borivilianum and Velvet Bean Improves Sleep Quality in Men and Women”; Integrative Medicine Insights; 2012.

Müller, Thomas; Reiner Hellwig; and Siegfried Muhlack. “Levodopa Induces Synthesis of Nerve Growth Factor and Growth Hormone in Patients With Parkinson Disease”; Clinical Neuropharmacology; May-June 2011.

Shukla, Kamla Kant; Abbas Ali Mahdi; et al. “Mucuna Pruriens Reduces Stress and Improves the Quality of Semen in Infertile Men”; Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine; March 2010.

Tan, Nget Hong; Shin Yee Fung; et al. “The Protective Effect of Mucuna Pruriens Seeds Against Snake Venom Poisoning”; Journal of Ethnopharmacology; June 22, 2009.

Walker, Richard F. “Primary Locus Intervention: A Novel Approach to Treating Age-Associated Hormone Insufficiency”; Clinical Interventions in Aging; December 2007.






2015 NPC San Jose Championships Results & Winners

2015 San Jose Championships
June 27            
Santa Clara Convention Center,
5001 Great America Pkwy, Santa Clara, CA 95110 United States
Organizer: Steve O'Brien & George Jackson
Phone: 408-384-9039
Website: www.musclesportproductions.com
Event: NPC

Congratulations to all participants of the 2015 NPC San Jose Championships held in Santa Clara, California. The championships were hosted by Muscle Sport Productions and included events such as bodybuilding, physique, bikini, and figure. This national qualifier show hosted many great looking competitors from many places. HGH.com, leading manufacturer of natural HGH and bodybuilding supplements, is proud to present the winners from each event. 

Following are the top overall winners for each of the events:

Men's Bodybuilding Overall Winner
1. Kenyatta Booth

Super Heavyweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Mike Rabbiosi
2. Austen Asbury
3. Marcus McCoy
 

mike rabbiosi super heavyweight overall 2015 npc san jose

          austen asbury super heavyweight second 2015 npc san jose

Mike Rabbiosi
Super Heavyweight Bodybuilding Overall (1st)
Austen Asbury
Super Heavyweight Bodybuilding Overall (2nd)

 

Heavyweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Kenyatta Booth
2. Shem Swerkes
3. Alex Ransone

Light Heavyweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Nigel Sher
2. Joseph Rapisura
3. Danny Seibert
4. Rudy Ramirez
5. Nick Sampayan

Middleweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Antonio Gonzalez
2. Taylor Mahrer
3. Alceu Vieira
4. Alejandro Padilla
5. William Slater

Lightweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Chace Bolosan
2. Josiah Qunitana

Novice Heavyweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Mike Rabbiosi
2. Austen Asbury
3. Ryan Taylor
4. Marcus McCoy
5. Steven DiMaggio

Novice Light Heavyweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Nigel Sher
2. Frankie Fehl
3. Jason Brown
4. Rhameses Aviles

Novice Lightweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Chace Bolosan
2. Josiah Qunitana
3. Miguel Escamilla
4. Jorge Chavez

True Novice Middleweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Antonio Gonzalez
2. Mehdi Kabbadj
3. Alceu Vieira
4. Taylor Mahrer
5. Dante Guzman

Bantamweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. John Manoogian

Masters Over 40 Bodybuilding Overall
1. Kenyatta Booth
2. Joseph Rapisura
3. Danny Seibert
4. Mike Rabbiosi
5. Tony Gil

Masters Over 60 Bodybuilding Overall
1. William Heylin
2. Joseph Guerrero
3. John Manoogian
4. Barkley Robinson

Figure Overall Winner
1. Jessie Nguyen

Figure Class A Overall
1. Jessie Nguyen
2. Chloe Barr-Cabanban
3. Brenna Rodriguez
4. Monique Robinson-Reyes
5. Dioni Solorio

jessie nguyen figure class a overall 2015 npc san jose

            chloe barr-cabanban figure class a second 2015 npc san jose

Jessie Nguyen
Figure Class A Overall (1st)
Chloe Barr-Cabanban
Figure Class A Overall (2nd)

 

Figure Class B Overall
1. Aimee Pourroy

Figure Class C Overall
1. Andrea Morris
2. Jessica Murray
3. Kimberly Dunham
4. Danielle Duffy
5. Elizabeth Chavez-Rodriguez

Figure Class D Overalll
1. Paula Gonzales
2. Annette Garcia
3. Jennifer Stephens
4. Tracy Falkenthal
5. Stephani Kittling

Figure Masters Over 35 Class A Overalll
1. Milay Melsheimer
2. Gilda Defaii
3. Aimee Pourroy
4. Melody Bragg
5. Lucy Medrano

Figure Masters Over 35 Class B Overalll
1. Jennifer Stephens
2. Jessica Murray
3. Kimberly Dunham
4. Elizabeth Chavez-Rodriguez
5. Nicki Jarvis

Figure Masters Over 45 Class A Overalll
1. Kelly O'Brien
2. Melody Bragg
3. Tina Shimizu
4. Cynthia Lynn Johnson

Figure Masters Over 45 Class B Overalll
1. Tracy Falkenthal
2. Elizabeth Chavez-Rodriguez
3. Stephani Kittling
4. Colette Kuhnsman

Bikini Overall Winnerl
1. Stephanie Johnson

Bikini Class A Overall
1. Izzy Bustos
2. Sinde Torres
3. Sharon Macaraeg-Acheta
4. Natalie Heald
5. Ashley Olin

izzy bustos bikini class a overall 2015 npc san jose

           sinde torres bikini class a second 2015 npc san jose

Izzy Bustos
Bikini Class A Overall (1st)
Sinde Torres
Bikini Class A Overall (2nd)

 
Bikini Class B Overall
1. Violeta Macedo
2. Alexandra Aviles
3. Delilah Nguyen
4. Jennifer Star Santos
5. Devin Shaver

Bikini Class C Overall
1. Elizabeth Ruvalcaba
2. Leah Whyte
3. Steffani Hieb
4. Soraya LeBrun
5. Susan Ackerman

Bikini Class D Overall
1. Stephanie Johnson
2. Elena Herrera
3. Brittney Lohr
4. Chelsea Smith
5. Nicole Laureano

Bikini Class E Overall
1. Jordan Stovall
2. Cammie Beck
3. Nicole Partin
4. Rebecca Cummins
5. Carol Hoang

Bikini Class F Overall
1. Cecily Lewis
2. Amanda Larsson
3. Kayla Ianquinto
4. Stephanie Lam
5. Lauren Taylor

Bikini Novice Class A Overall
1. Izzy Bustos
2. Sinde Torres
3. Yvette Arriola
4. Victoria Panaligan
5. Christina Keller

Bikini Novice Class B Overall
1. Violeta Macedo
2. Alexandra Aviles
3. Vanessa Hurtado
4. Jennifer Star Santos
5. Melissa Salazar

Bikini Novice Class C Overall
1. Elizabeth Ruvalcaba
2. Gaudi Stazi
3. Aspen Rae
4. Laurel Keiffer
5. Soraya Lebrun

Bikini Novice Class D Overall
1. Brittney Lohr
2. Elena Herrera
3. Kalin Eshelman
4. Brieana Tomasetti
5. Fiona Mackenzie

Bikini Novice Class E Overall
1. Jordan Stovall
2. Cammie Beck
3. Jennifer Bassett
4. Rebecca Cummins
5. Carol Hoang

Bikini Novice Class F Overall
1. Dejna James
2. Kayla Iaquinto
3. Amanda Larsson
4. Stephanie Lam
5. Amanda Maldonado

Bikini Masters Over 35 Class A Overall
1. Sharon Macaraeg-Acheta
2. Susan Ackerman
3. Debra Miller
4. Remonta Khangaldy
5. Jennifer Star Santos

Bikini Masters Over 35 Class B Overall
1. Monica Sanders
2. Karrie Alexander
3. Anne Marie Block

Bikini Masters Over 35 Class C Overall
1. Gwen Sedler
2. Tahmina Anderson
3. Amanda Maldonado

Bikini Masters Over 45 Class A Overall
1. Debra Miller
2. Masako Amano
3. Renee Anaya
4. Blanca Granda-Mendoza
5. Julie Greer

Bikini Masters Over 45 Class B Overall
1. Karrie Alexander
2. Kellene Ruffoni

Mens Physique Masters Overall Winner
1. Ahmad Deguzman

Mens Physique Class A Overall
1. Sambol Him
2. Josiah Qunitana
3. Jason DeLeon
4. Mike Aguon
5. Christopher Gil

sambol him physique class a overall 2015 npc san jose

           josiah qunitana physique class a second 2015 npc san jose

Sambol Him
Physique Class A Overall (1st)
Josiah Qunitana
Physique Class A Overall (2nd)


Mens Physique Class B Overall
1. Ahmad Deguzman
2. Juliano Quimson
3. Paul Mateoc
4. Marlon James
5. Ernie Escanio

Mens Physique Class C Overall
1. Juan Avila
2. Nimal Delgado
3. Omari Sealey
4. Osa Aigbuza
5. Jacquecar Robinson

Mens Physique Class D Overall
1. Warren Anderson
2. Jesse Walls
3. Broderick Shemansky
4. Jeremy Dutra
5. William Santillian Jr.

Mens Physique Class E Overall
1. Miguel Mendoza
2. Hadi Jrab
3. Charbel Mawad

Mens Physique Class F Overall
1. Casey Meister
2. Joseph Vinatieri
3. Hassan Trotter
4. Herbert Hudec
5. Brett Billingsley

Mens Physique Novice Class A Overall
1. Sambol Him
2. Josiah Qunitana
3. Jason DeLeon
4. Christopher Gil
5. Mike Aguon

Mens Physique Novice Class B Overall
1. Paul Mateoc
2. Mehdi Kabbadj
3. Ernie Escanio
4. Emir Basakinci
5. Christopher Rasec Rivera

Mens Physique Novice Class C Overall
1. Juan Avila
2. Dominic Calderon
3. Ricardo Medina
4. Jose Vega
5. Ralph Brooks

Mens Physique Novice Class D Overall
1. William Santillian Jr.
2. Alaa Madi
3. Christopher Cedros
4. Kenneth Peoples
5. Trevor Nathan

Mens Physique Novice Class F Overall
1. Joseph Vinatieri
2. Tyler Rose
3. Brett Billingsley
4. Ryan Baker

Mens Physique Masters Over 35 Class A Overall
1. Ryk Magbanua
2. Antonio Solinas
3. Michael Deguzman
4. Jon Larue
5. Clint Van Dyke

Mens Physique Masters Over 35 Class B Overall
1. Andrew Loper
2. Shawn Tousaint
3. Paul Rush
4. Chris Piveronas
5. Dan Wyrick

Mens Physique Masters Over 45 Overall
1. Loren Middag
2. Dave Dixon
3. David Luvisi
4. Joe Martin
5. Ferdinand Zumel

Womens Bodybuilding Overall
1. Mason Giovanna

Womens Physique Class A Overall
1. Erika Kikuchi
2. Tina Mauer Guadarrama
3. Robbye Nelson
4. Danika Erlano
5. Linda Mederos

Womens Physique Class B Overall
1. Bridgette Dean
2. Kimberly Packer
3. Patricia Johnson
4. Monique Rubalcaba

Congratulations to all of the competitors who participated in the 2015 NPC San Jose Championships. Official Final Results Scorecard - http://npcmusclesportproductions.com/2015-san-jose-championship-results/. To see all results and photos visit - http://contests.npcnewsonline.com/contests/2015/npc_san_jose_championships/

Be sure to visit the HGH.com blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.

 

 




2015 IFBB Europa Dallas Overall Winners

IFBB Europa Dallas
June 20            
Dallas Convention Center,
650 S Griffin Street, Dallas, TX 75202 United States
Organizer: Ed & Betty Pariso / Scott Templeton
Phone: 214-939-2750
Website: http://www.europaexpo.com/dallas-2015
Event: IFBB Europa Dallas

Following are the top overall winners for each of the events:

Men's Bodybuilding Overall
1. Fred Smalls
2. Renaldo Gairy
3. Akim Williams
4. Jojo Ntiforo
5. Brad Rowe

 

fred smalls bodybuilding winner europa dallas 2015

          renaldo gairy bodybuilding overall second place europa dallas 2015

Fred Smalls
Men's Bodybuilding Overall (1st)
Renaldo Gairy
Men's Bodybuilding Overall (2nd)

 

Figure Overall
1. Andrea Calhoun
2. Tina Nguyen
3. Chaya Boone
4. Rachelle Carter
5. Nadia Wyatt

andrea calhoun figure winner overall europa dallas 2015

            tina nguyen figure second place europa dallas 2015

Andrea Calhoun
Figure Overall (1st)
Tina Nguyen
Figure Overall (2nd)

 

Men's Physique Overall
1. Michael Ferguson
2. Jorge Gonzalez
3. Jordan Fields
4. Aarin Moore
5. Antione Williams

michael ferguson mens physique overall winner europa dallas 2015

           jorge gonzalez mens physique second overall europa dallas 2015

Michael Ferguson
Men's Physique Overall (1st)
Jorge Gonzalez
Men's Physique Overall (2nd)

 

Women's Physique Overall
1. Yasha
2. Nathalie Foreau
3. Melissa Pearo
4. Kristina Dybdahl-Farnsworth
5. La'Drissa Bonivel 

yasha first place winner womens physique europa dallas 2015

           nathalie foreau second womens physique europa dallas 2015

Yasha
Women's Physique Overall (1st)
Nathalie Foreau
Women's Physique Overall (3rd)

 

212 and Under Overall
1. Kyung Won Kang
2. Sami Alhaddad
3. Craig Richardson
4. Tricky Jackson
5. Derik Farnsworth

Congratulations to all of the competitors who participated in the 2015 Europa Dallas Expo Games. You can take a look at the Official Final Results Scorecard - <http://www.ifbbpro.com/results/2015-europa-dallas-scorecards/>. To see all results and more photos visit - <http://contests.npcnewsonline.com/contests/2015/ifbb_europa_dallas/>

Be sure to visit the HGH.com blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.

 




Human Growth Hormone (HGH) Benefits, Uses, Side Effects and Functions

Discover the Function, Sources and Benefits of Human Growth Hormone, or HGH, Supplements

Human growth hormone (HGH)—also known as somatotropin or simply as growth hormone (GH)—is a polypeptide hormone that is produced by the pituitary gland. It promotes growth in children and adolescents, and plays a role in body composition, metabolism, muscle growth and tissue repair in adults. Beyond the human growth hormones naturally produced by the body, synthetic HGH—or recombinant HGH—is manufactured in laboratories and may be obtained with a doctor’s prescription. Select health and bodybuilding supplements may also help boost human growth hormone levels with natural ingredients known as HGH releasers or HGH secretagogues. Many of these ingredients can be found in products such as HGH 30,000 Nanograms, Somatropinne HGH, Ana-GH, DBol-GH and Growth Factor Plus, among others.

Functions of Human Growth Hormone

HGH is required to support proper growth and development in children and adolescents, and it also plays a role in adult metabolism. Human growth hormone can help increase muscle mass, bone density, exercise capacity and protein synthesis, and may decrease body fat. It also helps maintain healthy tissues and organs. Since human growth hormone production naturally declines with age, many believe that HGH supplementation can help improve athletic performance and provide anti-aging benefits in adults.

Sources of HGH

As previously noted, the primary source of human growth hormone is the pituitary gland. HGH production peaks during childhood and adolescence, and substantially declines once full adult height is attained. Laboratory-manufactured synthetic HGH—also known as recombinant HGH, somatropin or somatrem—is another source of growth hormone available to some individuals. This injectable form of HGH may be prescribed to children and some adults that have been diagnosed with human growth hormone deficiency or specific medical conditions. Synthetic HGH is a regulated substance and may only legally be prescribed for FDA-approved uses. These include Turner’s syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, chronic renal insufficiency and idiopathic short stature in children, as well as HGH deficiency and AIDS-related wasting in adults.

Since recombinant HGH is not legally available to healthy adults, many individuals rely on natural HGH supplements that are formulated to increase their body’s own production of human growth hormone. A number of amino acids are recognized as natural HGH releasers. These include L-arginine, L-glutamine, L-glycine, L-lysine, L-ornithine, L-tyrosine and GABA.

Human Growth Hormone Benefits and Uses

The main purpose of HGH is to support human growth and development during childhood and adolescence, and this is the most common reason synthetic HGH is prescribed to young patients. However, human growth hormone continues to play a role throughout adulthood; it helps to regulate metabolism and protein synthesis and supports bone, tissue and organ health. Recombinant HGH may be legally prescribed to adults who have severe HGH deficiency, which typically results from a pituitary adenoma (tumor) or treatment of an adenoma with surgery or radiotherapy. Synthetic growth hormone is also sometimes prescribed to treat the wasting syndrome that can occur in individuals with AIDS.

Human growth hormone injections can increase muscle mass, bone density and exercise capacity in adults with HGH deficiency, and it can produce similar effects in healthy adults. For this reason, some athletes and bodybuilders take recombinant HGH to improve their physique and athletic performance, even though it cannot legally be prescribed for such purposes and is banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), International Olympic Committee and numerous sports organizations.

In light of the controversy and legal restrictions surrounding injectable HGH, a growing number of athletes, bodybuilders and aging adults have turned to natural HGH supplements to help boost the pituitary gland’s secretion of human growth hormone. Many report that L-group amino acids and other natural HGH releasers have helped them build lean muscle, enhance bodily strength, increase athletic endurance, tone their physique, recover faster from intense workouts and injuries, and minimize or reverse the visible signs of aging.

HGH Side Effects

Synthetic human growth hormone injections are associated with a number of side effects that can range widely in severity. Among the more serious HGH side effects some patients have experienced are atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), hypertension (high blood pressure), and abnormal growth of bones and internal organs such as the heart, kidneys, and liver. HGH may also increase the risk of developing diabetes and can cause cancerous tumors to grow in size. Other human growth hormone side effects include: edema (swelling caused by excess fluid in tissues); carpal tunnel syndrome; joint, muscle or nerve pain; numbness or tingling sensations in the skin; headaches; dizziness; blurred vision; chest pain; irregular heartbeat; and a rash or itching near the injection site.

Natural HGH supplements tend to have fewer and less severe side effects than synthetic growth hormone injections; however, the side effects and interactions will vary depending on the ingredients.

More detailed safety information on synthetic HGH side effects can be found on the Mayo Clinic website under the “Growth Hormone (Parenteral Route)” entry. For natural HGH supplements, refer to the relevant supplement ingredient articles on HGH.com to learn about potential side effects and interactions. As with any medication or health supplement, it is best to consult your physician before using synthetic human growth hormone injections or HGH supplements.

HGH Research and Studies

A wide body of research exists on human growth hormones, including naturally produced HGH, recombinant HGH and ingredients that function as HGH releasers. Refer to the PubMed site sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for an overview of the latest HGH research or to search for articles highlighting the results of human growth hormone studies. For research on specific ingredients that function as HGH releasers, refer to the relevant ingredient articles on the HGH.com blog.

HGH.com Supplements With Natural HGH Releasers

Many of the health and bodybuilding supplements available from HGH.com are formulated to naturally increase HGH levels. These products include:

HGH Pills and HGH Spray – Available as HGH pills or an oral spray, Purity Select’s 30,000 Nanogram products are designed to promote human growth hormone production, muscle growth, increased energy and other health benefits. They contain a powerful combination of L-group amino acids—including L-arginine, L-glutamine, L-glycine, L-lysine, L-ornithine, L-tyrosine and L-valine—and other natural ingredients, such as colostrum, cowhage (mucuna pruriens), deer antler velvet, GABA and long jack.

Growth Factor Plus – As its name implies, Growth Factor Plus is intended to promote height growth while also supporting bone and joint health. Its proprietary blend of ingredients features L-group amino acids such as L-arginine, L-glutamine, L-glycine, L-lysine, L-ornithine and L-tyrosine.

Somatropinne HGH – Purity Select’s natural Somatropinne HGH capsules contain a proprietary blend of plant extracts, including maca, cowhage and horny goat weed as well as L-arginine. As an over-the-counter HGH releaser, this supplement is formulated to help athletes gain lean muscle and increased energy while also providing weight-loss and anti-aging benefits.

HGF MAX – Purity Select HGF MAX is intended to boost HGH production, improve muscle tone, build muscle, promote fat loss, boost energy and increase metabolism. Its proprietary blend of ingredients includes GABA, L-arginine, L-glutamine, L-glycine, L-lysine, L-ornithine, L-tyrosine and deer antler velvet.

Ana-GH – Each serving of Ana-GH contains L-group amino acids such as L-leucine and L-valine as well as other natural ingredients, including maca and horny goat weed. This supplement is intended to jumpstart bulking cycles by promoting muscle mass and weight gains, improving protein synthesis, and contributing to joint and muscle repair.

Anapolan-MAX 50 (A-MAX 50) – Anapolan MAX is formulated to support lean muscle gain while boosting HGH production and testosterone levels. Its proprietary blend of ingredients includes L-tyrosine, shilajit, Tribulus terrestris, cowhage (mucuna pruriens) and dehydroepiandrosterone.

ClenXDV – Featuring a proprietary blend of Tribulus terrestris, wild yam, deer antler velvet, DHEA and other natural ingredients, ClenXDV is intended to help athletes and bodybuilders build muscle, lose weight and burn fat.

DBol-GH – This anabolic lean muscle gainer is designed to promote lean mass and muscle growth, support muscle recovery and naturally boost HGH levels with a proprietary blend of ingredients that include beta-ecdysterone, L-leucine, L-valine and bovine colostrum.

Dekka – With a blend of wild yam root, yucca bark, Korean ginseng root and dehydroepiandrosterone, these capsules are formulated to help bodybuilders achieve weight gain, lean mass, bulking and muscle building.

Testosterone Plus – HGH Testosterone Plus features a proprietary blend of maca, long jack, ginkgo biloba, Tribulus terrestris and other natural ingredients that are intended to help build muscle, aid in muscle recovery and boost energy while offering sexual health benefits such as improved libido and stamina.

RoidX Juice – The ingredients in RoidX Juice are designed to help bodybuilders quickly gain muscle and weight while supporting muscle recovery. RoidX Juice capsules contain a proprietary blend of shilajit, Tribulus terrestris, Vitamin E and dehydroepiandrosterone.

Winstrol Max – Optimized for cutting cycles, Winstrol Max is formulated to promote lean mass gain and help athletes achieve ripped abs. Its powerful blend of ingredients includes L-group amino acids such as L-arginine, L-leucine and L-valine as well as saw palmetto and oat straw (Avena sativa) extract.

References:

Drug Enforcement Administration. “Human Growth Hormone”; DEA fact sheet; August 2013. <http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/drug_chem_info/hgh.pdf>

Dunkin, Mary Anne. “Human Growth Hormone (HGH)”; WebMD; December 30, 2014. <http://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/human-growth-hormone-hgh>

Fordyce, Tom. “Human Growth Hormone Explained”; BBC Sport; July 27, 2003. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/front_page/3101343.stm>

Jackson, Joe. “Unlock Your Potential: How to Boost Your HGH Levels”; Men’s Fitness; accessed June 5, 2015. <http://www.mensfitness.com/nutrition/supplements/unlock-your-potential-how-to-boost-your-hgh-levels>

Mayo Clinic. “Drugs and Supplements: Growth Hormone (Parenteral Route)”; May Clinic website; last updated April, 2015. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements/growth-hormone-parenteral-route/description/drg-20069416>

Mayo Clinic Staff. “Human Growth Hormone: Does It Slow Aging?”; Mayo Clinic website; February 1, 2014. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/healthy-aging/in-depth/growth-hormone/art-20045735>

Mayo Clinic Staff. “Performance-Enhancing Drugs: Know the Risks”; Mayo Clinic website; December 12, 2012. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/fitness/in-depth/performance-enhancing-drugs/art-20046134>




Maca Benefits, Uses, Side Effects and Functions

Discover the Function, Sources and Benefits of the Health Supplement Ingredient Maca, or Lepidium Meyenii

Maca – also known as Lepidium meyenii or Lepidium peruvianum – is a plant that is native to Peru and found in the high Andes. While it is sometimes called “Peruvian ginseng,” maca is not related to the ginseng plant; rather, it is a cruciferous root vegetable in the same family as mustard, broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage. Maca extract or powder is often used as an ingredient in select health and bodybuilding supplements, such as Somatropinne HGH, Ana-GH and Testosterone Plus.

Functions of Maca

The nutritional value of maca has long been recognized in both traditional and modern cultures, and these nutritional properties underlie maca’s reputation for enhancing energy, strength and endurance. Powdered maca is estimated to contain 59% carbohydrates, 8.5% fiber and more than 10% protein. It is also a good source of vitamins and essential amino acids, and is particularly high in iron and Vitamin C. Maca has been shown to improve sexual performance and fertility in both animals and humans. Its fertility-enhancing effects are believed to result from aromatic isothiocyanates hydrolyzed from glucosinolates, while its libido-boosting properties are attributed to the prostaglandins, sterols and amides of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Maca also supports the immune system and overall health through its antiviral and antioxidant properties.

Sources of Maca

Maca is grown and harvested in the Peruvian Andes, which is generally the only place where fresh maca is consumed. In Peru, the root may be roasted or boiled; it is often made into a porridge (mazamorra) and its flour is used for bread, cakes and pancakes. Maca root is also used in a fermented beverage known as macha chicha, and its leaves may be eaten either raw or cooked. Outside of its immediate growing region, maca root is typically sold dried, in powder/flour form or as gelatinized maca. Supplements may contain extracts made from dried roots, maca flour or gelatinized maca.

Maca Benefits and Uses

As a food source or dietary supplement, maca has excellent nutritional value that may help increase energy, strength and endurance. It also promotes overall health and wellbeing through its antiviral and antioxidant activity. One of the most common uses of maca is to support sexual health; it has been documented to have aphrodisiacal and fertility-enhancing properties, including increased sperm count and motility in males. Some studies have indicated maca can improve menopausal symptoms, and reduce blood pressure and depression in postmenopausal women.

Side Effects of Maca and Potential Interactions

Maca supplements are generally considered safe for healthy adults; no side effects or interactions have been reported at dosages of up to 3 grams per day. However, some medical professionals advise women with hormone-sensitive conditions to avoid using maca, since it can potentially worsen breast cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, uterine fibroids or endometriosis.

More detailed safety information on maca side effects and interactions can be found on WebMD. As with any medication or health supplement, it is best to consult your physician before taking dietary supplements containing maca.

Maca Research and Studies

Numerous studies have examined maca’s effects on various medical conditions as well as its impact on overall health and athletic performance. While further clinical research is needed to evaluate its effectiveness for many of these uses, animal and human studies have strongly supported maca’s aphrodisiacal and fertility-enhancing effects.

Two separate animal studies published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology explored maca’s impact on the sexual health of rats; their findings revealed that maca improved several measures of sexual behavior while black maca increased daily sperm counts and sperm motility. Other research has shown that maca has similar effects on humans. An article in the Asian Journal of Andrology reported that maca increased seminal volume, sperm count per ejaculum, motile sperm count and sperm motility in adult men. BioMed Central (BMC) Complementary & Alternative Medicine published a systematic review of random clinical trials; the authors found that maca improved sexual performance in patients with erectile dysfunction and had a significant positive effect on sexual dysfunction or sexual desire in healthy menopausal women or healthy adult men.

Beyond its abilities to increase sexual desire and performance, maca has been shown to benefit women in several ways. A systematic review published in Maturitas reported that maca demonstrated favorable effects on menopausal symptoms, while a study featured in Climacteric noted significant decreases in blood pressure and depression in postmenopausal women. Furthermore, maca was also found to have an antidepressant effect on mice exposed to chronic unpredictable mild stress, according to research featured in the Journal of Medicinal Food.

Many believe that maca has positive effects on athletic performance, metabolism and post-workout recovery, though further clinical trials are needed to conclusively support these benefits. One study published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology investigated maca’s effect on the sexual desire and athletic performance of trained male cyclists, and determined that maca supplementation improved both sexual desire and cycling time trial performance. An animal study published in Plant Foods for Human Nutrition stated that maca polysaccharides had a positive effect on lipid and glucose metabolism in rats – significantly decreasing the levels of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL), low density lipoproteins (LDL) and total cholesterol; lowering the level of triacylglycerols in the plasma, VLDL and liver; and reducing glucose levels in blood.

Finally, several studies have shown that maca supports the immune system and overall health through its antiviral and antioxidant properties. The Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine reported that maca exhibits antiviral activity against human influenza type A and B viruses (Flu-A and Flu-B), “providing remarkable therapeutic benefits.” Maca’s antioxidant activity has been recorded in numerous publications, including Carbohydrate Polymers and Food Chemistry.

For additional Maca research, refer to the PubMed site sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

HGH.com Supplements With Maca

Athletes, bodybuilders and fitness enthusiasts can take advantage of maca’s nutritional and health benefits through natural fitness and bodybuilding supplements from HGH.com:

Somatropinne HGH – Purity Select’s natural Somatropinne HGH capsules contain a proprietary blend of plant extracts. As an over-the-counter HGH releaser, this supplement is formulated to help athletes build lean muscle and gain increased energy. It is also designed to provide weight-loss and anti-aging benefits.

Ana-GH – Each serving of Ana-GH contains L-group amino acids and other natural ingredients, including maca and horny goat weed. This supplement is intended to jumpstart bulking cycles by promoting muscle mass and weight gains while improving protein synthesis and contributing to joint and muscle repair.

Testosterone Plus – Purity Select’s HGH Testosterone Plus features a proprietary blend of maca, long jack, ginkgo biloba and other natural ingredients. These capsules are formulated to help build muscle, aid in muscle recovery and boost energy while delivering sexual health benefits such as improved libido and stamina.

References (Function, Sources, Benefits/Uses and Side Effects/Interactions):

Balick, Michael J. and Roberta Lee. “Maca: From Traditional Food Crop to Energy and Libido Stimulant”; Alternative Therapies; March/April 2002. <http://sciweb.nybg.org/science2/pdfs/mb/Maca_Mar_Apr_2002.pdf>

Bruno, Gene. “Maca”; Smart Supplementation, published by Huntington College of Health Sciences; 2000. <http://www.hchs.edu/literature/Maca.pdf>

Examine.com. “Maca”; published under “Supplements”; accessed May 26, 2015. <http://examine.com/supplements/Maca>

Johannes, Laura. “Maca: Can a Root Boost Energy and Sex Drive?”; The Wall Street Journal; December 22, 2014. <http://www.wsj.com/articles/maca-can-a-root-boost-energy-and-sex-drive-1419275240>

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. “Maca”; published under “About Herbs, Botanicals & Other Products” within Integrative Medicine area of website; last updated April 20, 2013; accessed May 26, 2015. <https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/integrative-medicine/herbs/maca>

WebMD and Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. “Maca”; published under “Vitamins & Supplements”; accessed May 26, 2015. <http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-555-maca.aspx?activeIngredientId=555&activeIngredientName=maca&source=1>

Research Sources:

Ai, Zhong; Ai-Fang Cheng; et al. “Antidepressant-Like Behavioral, Anatomical, and Biochemical Effects of Petroleum Ether Extract from Maca (Lepidium Meyenii) in Mice Exposed to Chronic Unpredictable Mild Stress”; Journal of Medicinal Food; May 2014. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24730393>

Cicero, A.F.G.; E. Bandieri; and R. Arletti. “Lepidium Meyenii Walp. Improves Sexual Behaviour in Male Rats Independently From Its Action on Spontaneous Locomotor Activity”; Journal of Ethnopharmacology; May 2001. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11297856>

del Valle Mendoza, Juana; Tomàs Pumarolab; et al. “Antiviral Activity of Maca (Lepidium Meyenii) Against Human Influenza Virus”; Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine; September 2014. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25312160>

Gonzales, Carla; Julio Rubio; et al. “Effect of Short-Term and Long-Term Treatments With Three Ecotypes of Lepidium Meyenii (MACA) on Spermatogenesis in Rats”; Journal of Ethnopharmacology; February 20, 2006. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16174556>

Gonzales, Gustavo F.; Amanda Cordova; et al. “Lepidium Meyenii (Maca) Improved Semen Parameters in Adult Men”; Asian Journal of Andrology; December 2001. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11753476>

Lee, Myeong Soo; Byung-Cheul Shin; et al. “Maca (Lepidium Meyenii) for Treatment of Menopausal Symptoms: A Systematic review”; Maturitas; November 2011. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21840656>

Sandoval, Manuel; Nataly N. Okuhama; et al. “Antioxidant Activity of the Cruciferous Vegetable Maca (Lepidium Meyenii)”; Food Chemistry; November 2002. <http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814602001334>

Shin, Byung-Cheul; Myeong Soo Lee; et al. “Maca (L. Meyenii) for Improving Sexual Function: A Systematic Review”; BioMed Central (BMC) Complementary & Alternative Medicine; August 6, 2010. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20691074>

Stojanovska, Lily; C. Law; et al. “Maca Reduces Blood Pressure and Depression, in a Pilot Study in Postmenopausal Women”; Climacteric; February 2015. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24931003>

Stone, Mark; Alvin Ibarra; et al. “A Pilot Investigation Into the Effect of Maca Supplementation on Physical Activity and Sexual Desire in Sportsmen”; Journal of Ethnopharmacology; December 10, 2009. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19781622>

Večeřa, Rostislav; Jan Orolin; et al. “The Influence of Maca (Lepidium Meyenii) on Antioxidant Status, Lipid and Glucose Metabolism in Rat”; Plant Foods for Human Nutrition; June 2007. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17333395>

Zha, Shenghua; Qingsheng Zhao; et al. “Extraction, Purification and Antioxidant Activities of the Polysaccharides From Maca (Lepidium Meyenii)”; Carbohydrate Polymers; October 13, 2014. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25037390>






Spring Break Beach Body Workouts

Spring Break Beach Body Workouts

Can you believe it’s Spring Break already? It will be summer before you know it. If you’re looking for a workout to get you on your way to a beach-ready body that will look great in a bikini or super in swim trunks, then get ready for some fun Spring Break-inspired exercises. We’ve picked a few Spring Break workout videos to help you get your body in shape for the beach. We’ve also added some inspirational and motivational pins to our Beach Body Workout and Motivation Pinterest board.

Circuit Training Workout for a Beach Body

It's time to get your body ready for the beach. So, take on this Spring Break Body workout with Elektra Knight. In this video, she does a circuit workout with a timer that includes one minute interval training with a 30-second rest period. You can make the intensity high or low, depending upon your needs and you decide how many times you want to do this circuit. Elektra is ready to help you reach your Spring Break goals, just make sure to warm up before starting these exercises:

  • Dead Lift
  • Heisman
  • Squat Jumps
  • Standing Oblique Crunch

Total Body Workout to Sculpt a Bikini Body

The BeFit team has a second level to the Total Body Bikini Blast Workout we previously shared with you in the Beach Body Workouts to Help You Look Your Best All Summer blog. This supercharged fat-burning total body workout offers incredible exercises that focus on your core, abdominals and other problem areas, so you'll be ready to hit the beach. When you click play, you’ll get an explosive 40-minute cardio/strength training workout with an ideal combination of Yoga and Pilates-inspired moves, along with plyometric exercises, including:

• Air Squats
• Alternating Supermans
• Bridge Pose
• Bunny Hops
• Burpees
• Cat/Cow
• Cherry Pickers
• Child’s Pose
• Cobra Stretch
• Downward Dog
• Full Wheel Pose
• Lunge to Twist
• Monkey Squats
• Mountain Climber to Tuck Jump
• Plank Knee to Elbow
• Plank Thomas Touches
• Reverse Lunge Knee Up
• V-Ups

Getting a Buff Beach Body with Group Fitness

Whether you’re trying to get your beach body ready or are looking to achieve success in an upcoming bodybuilding competition, you have to do what it takes to reach your personal fitness goals. Pro bodybuilder John Puskarich shares some motivating clips of some of his group training sessions. He feels that, “Everyone can be fit, it just takes the right motivations.” Not only does this video give you an idea of the incredible workouts he does with his clients, but you’ll also get to see them achieve success during competition.

HGH.com's Beach Body Pinterest Board

Follow Bodybuilding's Beach Body Workout and Motivation board on Pinterest.

 




Bodyweight Training Videos & Tips

Building a Buff Body with Bodyweight Training

Bodyweight training is oftentimes overlooked and underrated. What's amazing is the body transforming results that bodyweight exercises can help you achieve. It's not like your body can distinguish between a barbell, dumbbell, kettlebell or your own bodyweight. All it really knows is how hard it needs to work to move the resistance. For example, if you're bench pressing, you use your pectorals, deltoids and triceps, but don't really work any other muscle groups, unless you make a conscious effort to do so. By performing bodyweight exercises, like one-arm push-ups, you're not only working your pecs, delts and triceps, but you're also incidentally working your lats, abs, glutes, quads and hamstrings. Another great thing about bodyweight training is that you can workout anytime wherever you are. You don't need any extra equipment and you don't even have to go to the gym.

We found a few videos that show numerous bodyweight exercises, including five of Coach Kozak's favorites, 44 of the best bodyweight exercises from Tee Major Fitness and a 30-minute bodyweight boot camp. Plus, we've added a special Pinterest board filled with bodyweight training tips, exercises and workouts.

Bodyweight Training with Coach Kozak

As a constant fixture in the health and fitness world for more than 15 years, Coach Kozak shares his innovative scientific method to training and nutrition. From professional athletes to soccer moms and even a Heisman trophy winner, Coach Kozak has brought extraordinary results to thousands of clients.

In this video, Coach Kozak with HASfit provides step-by-step video instruction for a full-body workout using bodyweight exercises alone. Take a glimpse at the training regimen he has in store for you:

  • Pistol Squat
  • Downward Dog to Chaturanga Push-up to a High Plank
  • Negative Manual Glute-Ham Raise
  • Sit up to a Russian Twist
  • Negative Negative Pull ups

Try the Best Bodyweight Exercises Ever

When it comes to using bodyweight training to build strength and muscle, there are three fundamental movements: push-ups, pull ups and squats. We've discovered that there are numerous variations of these essentials, as well as a variety of other bodyweight exercises you can incorporate into your workout schedule. Tee Major Fitness presents the 44 Best Bodyweight Exercises Ever:

1. Mountain Climbers
2. Dragon Walks
3. Jumping Lunges
4. Pike Roll out
5. Burpees
6. Hanging Knee to Elbow
7. Frozen V-Sit
8. Spiderman Push-up
9. Single Leg Burpee
10. Hindu Push-ups
11. Diamond Push-ups
12. Lawnmower Extension
13. Archer Push-up
14. Fingertip Push-up
15. Hanging Leg Raise
16. Clapping Push-up
17. Single Leg Box Jump
18. Chest Tap Push-up
19. Archer Pull-up
20. Clapping Pull-ups
21. Crucifix Push-ups
22. Hanging Wipers
23. Hanging Leg Raise over Lever
24. One-Arm Hanging Leg Lifts
25. Pistol Squat
26. L Seat
27. Muay Thai Push-ups
28. Dragon Flags
29. Ab Crunch Shredder Dips
30. Triple Clap Push-ups
31. Lalanne Push-ups
32. Muscle Ups
33. Standing Ab Wheel Roll outs
34. Bodyweight Tricep Extension
35. One-Arm Push-ups
36. One-Arm, One-Leg Push-ups
37. Thigh Slap Push-ups
38. Aztec Push-ups
39. Superman Push-ups
40. Hannibal for King Leg Flutters for Men
41. One-Handed Clap Push-ups
42. Back Flip Burpees
43. 360 Push-ups

Boot Camp-Style Bodyweight Workout

If you’re ready to intensify your bodyweight training, then you’ll love this 30-Minute Bodyweight Boot Camp Workout You Can Do Anywhere video. Adam Rosante, a celebrity trainer based out of New York City, leads the way in this half-hour of muscle pumping, sweat dripping full-body workout. He makes a wonderful point with this no excuses workout, “You’re going to use the body you have to create the body you want.”

This video includes a warm up, full workout and cool down, as well as lots of motivation from Adam along the way. Another nice thing about this workout is that if you don’t have enough time, the warm up nicely gets your blood flowing and is better than not working out at all.

More Bodyweight Exercises on Pinterest!

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2014 Ferrigno Legacy Results: Top 5 Winners in IFBB Pro Bodybuilding, Physique and Bikini Contests

Meet the Winners of the 2014 Ferrigno Legacy, Held in Santa Barbara, California, November 28-29, 2014

While most of America was recovering from Thanksgiving indulgences over the past weekend, dozens of bodybuilding and fitness pros – and many more amateur bodybuilders and fitness enthusiasts – showed off their impressive physiques at the first annual Ferrigno Legacy in Santa Barbara, California.

The 2014 IFBB Ferrigno Legacy Pro event was held on Friday, November 28, and featured four competitions: bodybuilding, men’s physique, women’s physique and bikini. The 2014 NPC Ferrigno Legacy amateur competitions took place on Saturday, November 29, and consisted of more than 40 contests, including bodybuilding, figure, physique and bikini events in multiple classes and levels.

Reporter Tracy Lehr spotlights the inaugural Ferrigno Legacy event and interviews founder Lou Ferrigno for local news stations KEYT, KCOY and KKFX.

In addition to the physique, bikini and bodybuilding competitions, the 2014 Ferrigno Legacy featured a red-carpet event on Friday evening and a “Meet the Legends Q&A” on Saturday afternoon. Both were headlined by founder Lou Ferrigno and included numerous celebrities and bodybuilding legends.

Following are the top 5 winners for each of the 2014 IFBB Ferrigno Legacy Pro events:

2014 Ferrigno Legacy IFBB Pro Men’s Bodybuilding Champions
1. Ronny Rockel, Germany
2. Brad Rowe, Los Angeles, CA
3. Robert Piotrkowicz, Poland
4. Marius Dohne, South Africa
5. Omar Deckard, Los Angeles, CA

Ronny Rockel
Bodybuilding (1st)
Robert Piotrkowicz
Bodybuilding (3rd)

 

2014 Ferrigno Legacy IFBB Pro Men’s Physique Champions
1. Andre Adams, Kenosha, WI
2. John Nguyen, San Jose, CA
3. James Hurst, San Jose, CA
4. Frank Griffin, Philadelphia, PA
5. Damir Delic, Boise, ID

Andre Adams
Physique (1st)
John Nguyen
Physique (2rd)

 

2014 Ferrigno Legacy IFBB Pro Women’s Physique Champions
1. Jamie Postill, Alberta, Canada
2. Candrea Judd Adams, Jonesboro, GA
3. Leona Paula Muttoni, Brazil
4. Jane Santos, Harrison, NY
5. Marlene Koekemoer, South Africa

Jamie Postill
Physique (1st)
Candrea Judd-Adams
Physique (2nd)

 

2014 Ferrigno Legacy IFBB Pro Bikini Champions
1. Sarah LeBlanc, Houma, LA
2. Jade Carroll, Destin, FL
3. Lindsey Waters, Miami Beach, FL
4. Tatiana Koshman, Spring, TX
5. Breena Martinez, Concord, CA

Sarah LeBlanc
Bikini (1st)
Jade Carroll
Bikini (2nd)

See all photos here, taken by Ron Avidan

For the complete list of 2014 IFBB Ferrigno Legacy Pro rankings, visit http://contest.bodybuilding.com/results/28841. The 2014 NPC Ferrigno Legacy amateur rankings have not yet been posted online, but stay tuned and we’ll add a link here when those results are published.

Congratulations to all of the competitors who participated in the 2014 IFBB/NPC Ferrigno Legacy – your dedication and impressive form over the holiday weekend are certainly an inspiration to others!

Be sure to visit the HGH.com blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.




Ben White Having Fun at the 2014 Mr. Olympia Weekend

IFBB Pro and HGH sponsored athlete, Ben White, had a blast at the 2014 Mr. Olympia Weekend with the 5%ers clothing line, and he signed autographs, participated in a video shoot and posted a series of photo updates via Instagram.

If you would like to see the winners of 2014 Mr. Olympia Weekend contests at Joe Weider’s Olympia Fitness and Performance Weekend in Las Vegas - visit our recent post at http://www.hgh.com/blogger/post/winners-of-2014-mr-olympia-weekend-contests.

 







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