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Cowhage Benefits, Uses, Side Effects and Functions

Discover the Function, Sources and Benefits of the Health Supplement Ingredient Cowhage, or Mucuna Pruriens

Mucuna pruriens – also known as cowhage, cowitch or velvet bean – is a plant that grows in tropic and sub-tropic regions. It is classified as a legume and has seed-producing pods. If the hairy outer covering of the pods touches human skin, it can cause contact dermatitis and severe itching; however, extracts from the plant have long been used in traditional medicine. Today, Mucuna pruriens is often used as an ingredient in health and bodybuilding supplements, such as HGH 30,000 Spray, Somatropinne HGH and Anapolan-MAX 50.

Functions of Cowhage

While Mucuna pruriens is technically classified as a vegetable, its extract is more commonly consumed in the form of medicine or supplements. Cowhage is a good natural source of levodopa, or L-dopa, which in the human body serves as a precursor for the neurotransmitter dopamine. Since L-dopa is used in the treatment of Parkinson’s Disease, cowhage has been widely studied for its potential in this area. In addition, cowhage extract is noted for its anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and antioxidant properties, which are also believed to be due to the presence of L-dopa. And because L-dopa has been shown to stimulate human growth hormone (HGH) secretion and synthesis, some experts believe that the L-dopa in cowhage may act as an HGH releaser.

Sources of Cowhage

Indigenous to southern China and eastern India, Mucuna pruriens is cultivated in Asia, Africa, and parts of North and Central America, as well as the Caribbean and Pacific Islands. The plant is rich in protein and minerals; and in some cultures, cowhage pods and beans are prepared as food. In Mexico and Guatemala, the seeds are roasted and used as a coffee substitute known as “Nescafe” (though there is no relation to the trademarked coffee brand of the same name). However, in the United States, cowhage is most commonly used in extract form as an ingredient in medicines and dietary supplements.

Cowhage Benefits and Uses

As a natural source of L-dopa, cowhage has been most widely studied and used as a treatment for Parkinsonism and Parkinson’s disease. Evidence suggests it may also benefit other dopamine-related conditions, such as tardive dyskinesia. The plant’s L-dopa content has been shown to increase dopamine and testosterone levels in adult males while suppressing prolactin levels, which supports cowhage’s traditional use as an aphrodisiac and fertility enhancer. Studies have also shown it can reduce cortisol levels, which in turn may lower perceived stress levels and contribute to a sense of well-being. Because L-dopa has been shown to stimulate HGH levels, cowhage extract is frequently used as an ingredient in health and bodybuilding supplements, in which it is believed to promote muscle growth and act as a fat-burner.

Numerous other positive effects have been attributed to cowhage extract, including anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, anti-epileptic, anti-microbial and antioxidant properties. Various studies have explored its potential for treating diabetes, skin diseases and other pathologies. Cowhage has also been successfully used as an anti-venom that counters the toxic effects of some snake bites, such as from cobras and other vipers.

Side Effects of Cowhage and Potential Interactions

Supplements containing Mucuna pruriens extract are generally considered safe for healthy adults. Some minor side effects have been reported, such as nausea and a bloated feeling in the abdomen; less common side effects include vomiting, headaches, jitteriness and insomnia. However, individuals with certain medical conditions or anyone taking medications contraindicated for L-dopa should exercise caution when taking supplements containing cowhage extract. L-dopa can cause low blood pressure, lightheadedness and fainting in patients with cardiovascular disease, and it may cause blood sugar levels to drop too low in people with diabetes or hypoglycemia. The L-dopa in cowhage may also worsen some conditions, such as liver disease, melanoma, gastrointestinal ulcers or mental illness. Cowhage supplements should not be taken in conjunction with monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) antidepressants or when taking methyldopa for hypertension. Moderate interactions may occur with other antihypertensive drugs (guanethidine), insulin, diabetes medications, antipsychotic drugs, tricyclic antidepressants or anesthesia.

More detailed safety information on cowhage side effects and interactions can be found on healthcare websites such as WebMD. As with any medication or health supplement, it is best to consult your physician before taking dietary supplements containing cowhage extract.

Cowhage Research and Studies

Numerous studies have examined the pharmacological effects of Mucuna pruriens extract, primarily in relation to its L-dopa content. A 2012 review published in Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine highlights the plant’s medicinal properties and related research findings, many of which are summarized above in the “Cowhage Benefits and Uses” section of this article. Research published in Clinical Neuropharmacology, Parkinsonism & Related Disorders, and the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry have demonstrated the value of cowhage extract in treating the symptoms of Parkinsonism and Parkinson’s disease. In fact, some studies suggest that cowhage extract may have advantages over conventional L-dopa preparations, such as reducing the risk of drug-induced dyskinesia (DID).

Research dating from the early 1970s to present has established that L-dopa has the potential to stimulate HGH secretion and synthesis, as documented in Clinical Interventions in Aging and in several studies published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. One study featured in Nutrition and Metabolic Insights specifically investigated the effects of a Mucuna pruriens (velvet bean) and Chlorophytum borivilianum blend supplement on serum growth hormone levels in exercise-trained men, and found that it produced an increase in circulating HGH levels.

Other studies have indicated that cowhage supplements may contribute to a wide range of health benefits, from treating male infertility to improving sleep quality. Animal studies also suggest that cowhage extract may help reduce blood glucose levels and lower cholesterol, triglycerides and phospholipids. However, further clinical studies are needed to definitively support these findings and their potential applications in humans.

For additional cowhage research, refer to the PubMed site sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Supplements With Cowhage

Athletes, bodybuilders and fitness enthusiasts can harness the health benefits of cowhage through natural fitness and bodybuilding supplements from

HGH 30,000 Nanograms Spray – This convenient HGH spray features a proprietary blend of ingredients designed to stimulate HGH release. In addition to L-dopa from cowhage seed extract, other natural ingredients include GABA, deer antler velvet, long jack and L-group amino acids. HGH 30,000 Spray is formulated to support muscle growth, mass gain, fat burning and other health benefits.

Somatropinne HGH – Purity Select’s natural Somatropinne HGH capsules contain a proprietary blend of plant extracts, including cowhage seeds, maca, hawthorn berry and horny goat weed. As an over-the-counter HGH releaser, this supplement is intended to help athletes build lean muscle and gain increased energy, while also providing weight-loss and anti-aging benefits.

A-MAX 50 – Anapolan-MAX is formulated to support lean muscle gain while increasing HGH production and testosterone levels. In addition to cowhage extract, the proprietary blend of ingredients in A-MAX 50 includes Tribulus terrestris, shilajit, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and L-tyrosine.

References (Function, Sources, Benefits/Uses and Side Effects/Interactions): “Mucuna Pruriens”; published under “Supplements”; accessed June 16, 2015.

Gonzalez, Adam. “Supplement Spotlight: Get Shredded With Fat Burners”; Muscle & Fitness; accessed June 16, 2015.

Men’s Fitness Editors. “Fat Burner Buyer’s Guide Q&A”; Men’s Fitness; accessed June 16, 2015.

University of Maryland Medical Center. “Mucuna Pruriens”; published under “Complementary and Alternative Medicine Guide”; last reviewed April 8, 2014; accessed June 16, 2015, 2015.

WebMD and Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. “Cowhage”; published under “Vitamins & Supplements”; accessed June 16, 2015.

Research Sources:

Alleman, Rick J., Jr.; Robert E. Canale; et al. “A Blend of Chlorophytum Borivilianum and Velvet Bean Increases Serum Growth Hormone in Exercise-Trained Men”; Nutrition and Metabolic Insights; October 2, 2011.

Chihara, Kazuo; Yoichi Kashio; et al. “L-Dopa Stimulates Release of Hypothalamic Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone in Humans”; The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism; March 1986.

Dharmarajan, Satheesh Kumar and Kottai Muthu Arumugam. “Comparative Evaluation of Flavone From Mucuna Pruriens and Coumarin From Ionidium Suffruticosum for Hypolipidemic Activity in Rats Fed With High Fat Diet”; Lipids in Health and Disease; October 2012.

Kansal, Prakash C.; John Buse; et al. “The Effect of L-Dopa on Plasma Growth Hormone, Insulin, and Thyroxine”; The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism; January 1972.

Katzenschlager, Regina; Alan C. Evans; et al. “Mucuna Pruriens in Parkinson's Disease: A Double Blind Clinical and Pharmacological Study”; Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry; December 2004.

Lampariello, Lucia Raffaella; Alessio Cortelazzo; et al. “The Magic Velvet Bean of Mucuna Pruriens”; Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine; October-December 2012.

Lieu, Christopher A.; Allen R. Kunselman; et al. “A Water extract of Mucuna Pruriens Provides Long-Term Amelioration of Parkinsonism With Reduced Risk for Dyskinesias”; Parkinsonism & Related Disorders; August 2010.

Majekodunmi, Stephen O. Ademola A Oyagbemi; et al. “Evaluation of the Anti-Diabetic Properties of Mucuna Pruriens Seed Extract”; Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine; August 2011.

McCarthy, Cameron G.; Rick J. Alleman; et al. “A Dietary Supplement Containing Chlorophytum Borivilianum and Velvet Bean Improves Sleep Quality in Men and Women”; Integrative Medicine Insights; 2012.

Müller, Thomas; Reiner Hellwig; and Siegfried Muhlack. “Levodopa Induces Synthesis of Nerve Growth Factor and Growth Hormone in Patients With Parkinson Disease”; Clinical Neuropharmacology; May-June 2011.

Shukla, Kamla Kant; Abbas Ali Mahdi; et al. “Mucuna Pruriens Reduces Stress and Improves the Quality of Semen in Infertile Men”; Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine; March 2010.

Tan, Nget Hong; Shin Yee Fung; et al. “The Protective Effect of Mucuna Pruriens Seeds Against Snake Venom Poisoning”; Journal of Ethnopharmacology; June 22, 2009.

Walker, Richard F. “Primary Locus Intervention: A Novel Approach to Treating Age-Associated Hormone Insufficiency”; Clinical Interventions in Aging; December 2007.

HGH Benefits and Tips for Losing Weight and Improving Health

Spring is in full swing and summertime is right around the corner and if you are looking to lose weight naturally, provides a wealth of online HGH and bodybuilding resources and has written many informational articles and posts on natural HGH benefits and tips for losing weight and improving health. From eating right, to proper exercise and selecting the best natural weight loss supplements, the articles below provide information to help you choose the most effective strategies to achieve your weight loss goals.

You've Got 3 Weeks to Lose Weight - The Best Rapid Weight Loss Product

Many weight loss products promise good results, but have you actually looked at what they are going to do in order to give you those results? Some of them merely cause you to lose water weight. You will weigh less, but you will just be dehydrated and the amount of adipose tissue (or body fat) on your body will be exactly the same.

Using these methods is no way to get in shape. You need a product that will actually help you in a scientific, fundamental way and something that will use advances in nutrition to alter both your diet and your body. - Read the full article at:

HGH Reduces Body Fat - Benefits of HGH

Upon turning 40, some people experience what is commonly called “middle-age spread.” Regardless of diet or exercise, it becomes harder and harder to keep the stomach area from storing up fatty deposits. What’s worse is that studies have found that collecting fat around one’s mid-section can result in more serious health issues such as heart disease or diabetes. Human growth hormone pills can counter this risk to one’s health. HGH supplements stave off the accumulation of fat around the stomach and vital organs, thus helping to avoid a potential heart attack or a worse health condition down the road. To Burn Fat - See Somatropinne HGH, HGF Max, Clen XDV. - Read the full article at:

How do Natural Growth Hormone Supplements Work?

There are many different types of natural growth hormone supplements on the market and it's hard to know not only if they will work, but also how they work. Maybe by understanding how these natural supplements stimulate growth you can determine whether or not they are a scam, or if they indeed will work and work for you.

What do we mean by "growth hormone stimulation"?
Growth Hormone is not necessarily "growing taller", although that's definitely a possibility; but rather when we say growth, we mean muscle and bone growth and density. Other benefits that we won't get into include the known benefits of HGH such as:

 - Anti-aging
 - Better sleep
 - Increased memory
 - Muscle growth
 - Weight Loss - Increased Sexual Performance
 - And about 25 other more other health benefits...

Read the full article at:

Key Fat Burning Workouts for Slimming Down This Summer

Looking to lose weight now? Summertime is right around the corner and it's time to slim down with some proven methods for burning burn fat and losing unwanted pounds. From eating right to working out to selecting the best natural metabolism-boosting supplements, you need to choose the most effective strategies to achieve your weight loss goals.
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About Purity Select and is an established provider of natural human growth hormone (HGH), bodybuilding and overall health supplements that are designed to benefit consumers naturally through dietary supplementation and provide an alternative to prescription medicine. In 2010, Purity Select acquired and continues to offer an exclusive line of supplements for bodybuilding, muscle growth, low testosterone, increased strength, endurance, weight loss, anti-aging, and other health and fitness goals. All Purity Select products are manufactured in the United States through Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) facilities to ensure optimal quality. The company's ongoing commitment to quality, innovation and customer service has positioned Purity Select and as leading brands within the bodybuilding supplement industry.


L-Ornithine Benefits, Uses, Side Effects and Functions

Discover the Function, Sources and Benefits of the Health Supplement Ingredient L-Ornithine, or (S)-2,5-Diaminopentanoic Acid

Ornithine – also known as L-ornithine, (S)-2,5-diaminopentanoic acid or (S)-alpha,delta-diaminovaleric acid – is a crystalline amino acid. Different sources refer to it as a nonessential or conditionally essential amino acid, which means that it is normally produced by the body in sufficient amounts; however, dietary supplementation may be beneficial in times of illness, injury or stress. L-ornithine is found in some food sources as well as in health and bodybuilding supplements such as HGH 30,000 Nanograms pills and HGF MAX.

Functions of L-Ornithine

Together with arginine and citrulline, ornithine is one of three amino acids that play a key role in the urea cycle. The conversion of arginine into ornithine and ornithine into citrulline increases urea production while lowering ammonia concentrations in the blood. Citrulline subsequently binds with aspartate to form arginosuccinate, which breaks down into free arginine and fumarate; through this process, ornithine is metabolized back into arginine by the liver. Because L-ornithine helps accelerate the excretion of ammonia, it is believed to promote proper liver function, prevent fatigue and enhance performance during prolonged exercise. Evidence also suggests that L-ornithine may stimulate human growth hormone (HGH) production, thereby serving as a natural HGH releaser.

Sources of L-Ornithine

The human body manufactures ornithine from the amino acid arginine as part of the urea cycle. Dietary sources of L-ornithine include protein-rich foods such as beef, chicken, pork, fish, eggs, dairy products, peanuts and soybeans. L-ornithine may also be consumed in natural dietary supplements.

L-Ornithine Benefits and Uses

Among the benefits of ornithine is its ability to detoxify ammonia levels in the bloodstream; because of this function, it can be used to treat hepatic encephalopathy (a brain complication caused by liver disease). It also appears to help reduce fatigue and mitigate the effects of alcohol consumption, improving sleep quality and decreasing negative feelings the next morning. In addition, L-ornithine may promote wound healing, contribute to immune system function, support weight management, reduce stress and improve overall mood. Some evidence suggests L-ornithine acts as a natural HGH releaser, or HGH secretagogue. Because of its ability to boost HGH production and reduce fatigue, L-ornithine supplements are often taken to improve athletic performance, enhance muscle growth and increase endurance.

Side Effects of L-Ornithine and Potential Interactions

L-ornithine supplements are generally considered safe for adults; no serious side effects or drug interactions have been reported at doses of 2 to 6 grams per day. However, excessive doses (more than 10 grams per day) may potentially cause intestinal distress or diarrhea in some users.

More detailed safety information on L-ornithine dosing, side effects and interactions can be found on As with any medication or health supplement, it is best to consult your physician before taking dietary supplements containing L-ornithine.

L-Ornithine Research and Studies

Various research studies have shown that L-ornithine can be used therapeutically for certain medical conditions as well as to enhance overall health, well being and athletic performance. For example, a group of Polish researchers reported that L-ornithine-L-aspartate (LOLA) supplementation has the ability to lower blood ammonia concentration, eliminate symptoms of hepatic encephalopathy associated with liver cirrhosis and stimulate tissue regeneration, while a Japanese study determined that healthy office workers who consumed a combination of caffeine and ornithine had higher mood ratings, less fatigue and better concentration than those who consumed caffeine alone. Japanese researchers also tested the effects of L-ornithine on salivary cortisol, mood and feelings of fatigue the morning after alcohol consumption, and found that L-ornithine supplements lowered cortisol levels, increased sleep length and significantly decreased feelings of fatigue, anger/hostility and confusion.

Study findings published in the Nutrition Journal and Nutrition Research revealed that L-ornithine not only has the potential to relieve stress and improve sleep quality in fatigued office workers, but also to reduce physical fatigue during exercise. Researchers stated that the decrease in physical fatigue is due to L-ornithine’s ability to modulate lipid and amino acid metabolism, thereby increasing the efficiency of energy consumption. Furthermore, a recent animal study published in the Brain Research Bulletin found that L-ornithine reduced body weight, abdominal fat and food intake in rats.

Beyond the research indicating L-ornithine’s potential to reduce fatigue and overall body weight, several studies suggest that it can improve strength and HGH levels. A study published in the Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness revealed that arginine and ornithine supplementation paired with a high-intensity strength-training program increased total strength and lean body mass in a relatively short period of time. The article also reported that the arginine and ornithine supplements aided in recovery from chronic stress by quelling tissue breakdown, as evidenced by lower urinary hydroxyproline levels. Furthermore, a double-blind study published in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research found that ornithine and arginine supplementation increased human growth hormone (HGH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) serum levels after heavy-resistance exercise in strength-trained athletes. While further research is needed, the preliminary findings on L-ornithine supplements show significant promise for improving athletic performance, building muscle and elevating HGH levels.

For additional L-ornithine research, refer to the PubMed site sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Supplements With L-Ornithine

Athletes, bodybuilders and fitness enthusiasts seeking to leverage the benefits of L-ornithine can find this amino acid among the ingredients in natural health and bodybuilding supplements from

HGH Pills – Purity Select’s HGH 30,000 Nanograms pills are formulated to boost growth hormone production with a powerful combination of L-group amino acids, including L-ornithine. As one of’s best-selling products, these capsules help promote muscle growth, increased energy, fat-burning and other health benefits.

HGF MAX – Scientifically designed to increase HGH production, these Purity Select capsules contain a proprietary blend of ingredients including L-ornithine and other key amino acids. Taking HGF MAX as a dietary supplement can help build muscle, enhance muscle tone, improve stamina and increase metabolism.

References (Function, Sources, Benefits/Uses and Side Effects/Interactions):

Busch, Sandi. “Benefits of L-Arginine and L-Ornithine”; published in the “Nutrition Facts” section on; July 13, 2014. <> “Ornithine”; published under “Supplements”; accessed April 13, 2015. <>

Marie, Joanne. “What Does the Amino Acid L-Ornithine Do?”; published in the “Alternative Remedies” section on; May 14, 2014. <>

National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine. “L-ornithine”; Compound Summary for CID 6262 in PubChem Open Chemistry Database; accessed April 13, 2015. <>

Somera, Anna Lisa. “Foods With Ornithine”; published in the “Vitamins and Supplements” section on; August 16, 2013. <>

University of Maryland Shore Regional Health. “Amino Acids”; published in the “Medical Reference Guide” section; last updated April 23, 2014. <>

WebMD and Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. “Ornithine”; published under “Vitamins & Supplements”; accessed April 13, 2015. <>

Research Sources:

Demura, Shinichi; Takayoshi Yamada; et al. “The Effect of L-Ornithine Hydrochloride Ingestion on Performance During Incremental Exhaustive Ergometer Bicycle Exercise and Ammonia Metabolism During and After Exercise”; European Journal of Clinical Nutrition; October 2010. <>

Elam, R.P.; D.H. Hardin; et al. “Effects of Arginine and Ornithine on Strength, Lean Body Mass and Urinary Hydroxyproline in Adult Males”; Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness; March 1989. <>

Kokubo, Takeshi; Emiko Ikeshima; et al. “A Randomized, Double-Masked, Placebo-Controlled Crossover Trial on the Effects of L-Ornithine on Salivary Cortisol and Feelings of Fatigue of Flushers the Morning After Alcohol Consumption”; Biopsychosocial Medicine; February 18, 2013. <>

Konishia, Yuuki; Yasutaka Koosaka; et al. “L-Ornithine Intake Affects Sympathetic Nerve Outflows and Reduces Body Weight and Food Intake in Rats”; Brain Research Bulletin; February 2015. <>

Misaizu, Akane; Takeshi Kokubo; et al. “The Combined Effect of Caffeine and Ornithine on the Mood of Healthy Office Workers”; Preventative Nutrition and Food Science; December 2014. <>

Miyake, Mika; Takayoshi Kirisako; et al. “Randomised Controlled Trial of the Effects of L-Ornithine on Stress Markers and Sleep Quality in Healthy Workers”; Nutrition Journal; June 3, 2014. <>

Sikorska, Hanna; Janusz Cianciara; and Alicja Wiercińska-Drapało. “Physiological Functions of L-Ornithine and L-Aspartate in the Body and the Efficacy of Administration of L-Ornithine-L-Aspartate in Conditions of Relative Deficiency” (article published in Polish); Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski; June 2010. <>

Sugino, Tomohiro; Tomoko Shirai; et al. “L-Ornithine Supplementation Attenuates Physical Fatigue in Healthy Volunteers by Modulating Lipid and Amino Acid Metabolism”; Nutrition Research; November 2008. <>

Zajac, Adam; Stanisław Poprzęcki; et al. “Arginine and Ornithine Supplementation Increases Growth Hormone and Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 Serum Levels After Heavy-Resistance Exercise in Strength-Trained Athletes”; Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research; April 2010. <>

Overall Winners of the 2015 Gold Coast Muscle Classic

2015 NPC Gold Coast Muscle Classic held on February 14       
Veterans Auditorium,
4117 Overland Ave, Culver City, CA 90230 United States
Organizer: Jon Lindsay

Unlimited Men's Bodybuilding Winners

1. Siavash Fashi - 1st Unlimited Bodybuilding Middleweight (1st Overall)
2. Jai Johnson -1st Unlimited Bodybuilding Heavyweight (2nd Overall)
3. Nate Liebermann -1st Place Unlimited Bodybuilding Lightweight (3rd Overall)

Masters Bikini 35+ Overall Winners

1. Janelle Farnsworth - 1st Masters Bikini 35+ B (1st Overall)
2. Heather Mcallister - 1st Masters Bikini 35+ C (2nd Overall)
3. Jackie Peacock - 1st Masters Bikini 35+ A (3rd Overall)

Novice Bikini Overall Winners

1. Savannah Crayon - 1st Novice Bikini B over 5'4" to 5'6" (1st Overall)
2. Alex Frias - 1st Novice Bikini A up to 5'4" (2nd Overall)
3. Joy Snider - 1st Novice Bikini C over 5'6" (3rd Overall)

Open Bikini Overall Winners

 1. Alexandria Babbitt - 1st Open Bikini C over 5'2.5" to 5'4 (1st Overall Bikini Winner)
 - Adrienne Ochoa - 1st Open Bikini A up to 5'1"
 - Alexis Frias - 1st Open Bikini B over 5'1" to 5'2.5"
 - Savannah Crayon - 1st Open Bikini D over 5'4" to 5'5.5
 - Heather Mcallister - 1st Open Bikini E over 5'5.5" to 5'7"
 - Alice Carter - 1st Open Bikini F over 5'7"

Woman's Physique Overall Winners

1. Tanya Mah - 1st Womans Physique A (1st Overall Winner)
2. Katie Foster - 1st Womans Physique B (2nd Overall Winner)

Novice Men's Physique Overall Winners

1. Roman Miranda - 1st Novice Mens Physique B (1st Overall)
2. Jacob Kamine - 1st Novice Mens Physique A (2nd Overall)
3. Michael Bruggink - 1st Novice Mens Physique C (3rd Overall

Unlimited Men's Physique Overall Winners

1. Jason Churan - 1st Mens Physique E (1st Overall Winner)
2. Ronald Thoompson - 1st Mens Physique F (2nd Overall Winner)
3. Gilberto Ramirez - 1st Mens Physique D (3rd Overall Winner)
4. Levi Wohl - 1st Mens Physique B (4th Overall Winner)
5. Charles Giron - 1st Mens Physique C (5th Overall Winner)
6. Jacob Kamine - 1st Mens Physique A (6th Overall Winner)

Unlimited Figure Overall Winners

1. Betzy Baldger - 1st Unlimited Figure B (1st Overall Winner)
2. Christine Ajisafe - 1st Unlimited Figure D (2nd Overall Winner)
3. Jessica Piraro - 1st Unlimited Figure A (3rd Overall Winner)
4. Dakeisha Glenn - 1st Unlimited Figure C (4th Overall Winner)

Congratulations to all of the competitors who participated in the 2015 NPC Gold Coast Muscle Classic. For the complete list of results, visit

Be sure to visit the blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.
- See more at:

Congratulations to all of the competitors who participated in the 2015 NPC Legends Classic. For the complete list of results, visit To view more photos visit

Be sure to visit the blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.

- See more at:

Congratulations to all of the competitors who participated in the 2015 NPC Legends Classic. For the complete list of results, visit To view more photos visit

Be sure to visit the blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.

- See more at:

Congratulations to all of the competitors who participated in the 2015 NPC Legends Classic. For the complete list of results, visit To view more photos visit

Be sure to visit the blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.

- See more at:

2014 Ferrigno Legacy Results: Top 5 Winners in IFBB Pro Bodybuilding, Physique and Bikini Contests

Meet the Winners of the 2014 Ferrigno Legacy, Held in Santa Barbara, California, November 28-29, 2014

While most of America was recovering from Thanksgiving indulgences over the past weekend, dozens of bodybuilding and fitness pros – and many more amateur bodybuilders and fitness enthusiasts – showed off their impressive physiques at the first annual Ferrigno Legacy in Santa Barbara, California.

The 2014 IFBB Ferrigno Legacy Pro event was held on Friday, November 28, and featured four competitions: bodybuilding, men’s physique, women’s physique and bikini. The 2014 NPC Ferrigno Legacy amateur competitions took place on Saturday, November 29, and consisted of more than 40 contests, including bodybuilding, figure, physique and bikini events in multiple classes and levels.

Reporter Tracy Lehr spotlights the inaugural Ferrigno Legacy event and interviews founder Lou Ferrigno for local news stations KEYT, KCOY and KKFX.

In addition to the physique, bikini and bodybuilding competitions, the 2014 Ferrigno Legacy featured a red-carpet event on Friday evening and a “Meet the Legends Q&A” on Saturday afternoon. Both were headlined by founder Lou Ferrigno and included numerous celebrities and bodybuilding legends.

Following are the top 5 winners for each of the 2014 IFBB Ferrigno Legacy Pro events:

2014 Ferrigno Legacy IFBB Pro Men’s Bodybuilding Champions
1. Ronny Rockel, Germany
2. Brad Rowe, Los Angeles, CA
3. Robert Piotrkowicz, Poland
4. Marius Dohne, South Africa
5. Omar Deckard, Los Angeles, CA

Ronny Rockel
Bodybuilding (1st)
Robert Piotrkowicz
Bodybuilding (3rd)


2014 Ferrigno Legacy IFBB Pro Men’s Physique Champions
1. Andre Adams, Kenosha, WI
2. John Nguyen, San Jose, CA
3. James Hurst, San Jose, CA
4. Frank Griffin, Philadelphia, PA
5. Damir Delic, Boise, ID

Andre Adams
Physique (1st)
John Nguyen
Physique (2rd)


2014 Ferrigno Legacy IFBB Pro Women’s Physique Champions
1. Jamie Postill, Alberta, Canada
2. Candrea Judd Adams, Jonesboro, GA
3. Leona Paula Muttoni, Brazil
4. Jane Santos, Harrison, NY
5. Marlene Koekemoer, South Africa

Jamie Postill
Physique (1st)
Candrea Judd-Adams
Physique (2nd)


2014 Ferrigno Legacy IFBB Pro Bikini Champions
1. Sarah LeBlanc, Houma, LA
2. Jade Carroll, Destin, FL
3. Lindsey Waters, Miami Beach, FL
4. Tatiana Koshman, Spring, TX
5. Breena Martinez, Concord, CA

Sarah LeBlanc
Bikini (1st)
Jade Carroll
Bikini (2nd)

See all photos here, taken by Ron Avidan

For the complete list of 2014 IFBB Ferrigno Legacy Pro rankings, visit The 2014 NPC Ferrigno Legacy amateur rankings have not yet been posted online, but stay tuned and we’ll add a link here when those results are published.

Congratulations to all of the competitors who participated in the 2014 IFBB/NPC Ferrigno Legacy – your dedication and impressive form over the holiday weekend are certainly an inspiration to others!

Be sure to visit the blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.

Winners and Photos of the 2014 NPC Eastern USA Championship congratulates all the amazing bodybuilders and fitness athletes who participated in the 2014 NPC Eastern USA Championships in New York earlier this month.

This year’s national qualifying event took place the weekend of November 8 and featured many top bodybuilding, fitness, figure, bikini, women’s physique and men’s physique professionals and athletes.

Winners of the 2014 NPC Eastern USA Championships

Below are a few individual posing photos of some of the winners of the competition. For a complete list of winners and photos visit


Dominick Cardone -Overall Winner
2014 NPC Eastern USA Championships Men's Heavyweight (1st)
Tifanny Urrea - Overall Winner
2014 NPC Eastern USA Championships Bikini Class D (1st)



Maya Kekahuna - Master's Overall Bikini Winner
2014 NPC Eastern USA Championships Bikini Masters Over 35 Class A (1st)
Michael Lynn -Men's Masters Over 40 (1st) Winner of the 2014 NPC Eastern USA Championships and Men's Heavyweight (3rd)





How to Increase HGH Levels Naturally

Top 7 Ways to Naturally Boost Your Body’s Human Growth Hormone (HGH) Levels

By Dan Smith of

In recent years, I’ve seen a growing level of interest in how to increase HGH levels naturally, particularly among bodybuilders and athletes. Given the controversy and issues associated with synthetic HGH injections, many people are seeking out natural ways to increase their body’s own production of HGH. This is something that I do myself, and it’s a topic I’ve often discussed with our athletes – IFBB pros Tricky Jackson, Ben White and Tara Silzer. So I decided to compile our top tips in one blog post, which highlights seven effective ways to naturally boost HGH levels.

HGH Basics and Functions

Before I get into our recommendations, let’s start with a quick review of the basics. Human growth hormone, also known as HGH, is a type of polypeptide hormone secreted by the pituitary gland. As the name implies, HGH triggers growth and repair of bone, cartilage, tissue and muscle. It also helps to improve body composition by increasing muscle mass and metabolizing fat. The pituitary gland produces its highest quantities of HGH during childhood and puberty to support the body’s growth and development. Once a child has reached full adult height, HGH production decreases substantially. In adulthood, HGH tends to be secreted in smaller bursts at specific times – during sleep, after exercise and in response to bodily stress or trauma.

Top 7 Ways to Naturally Increase HGH Levels

While the body generally follows its own set patterns for HGH secretion after puberty, there are a number of proven methods for boosting production on an ongoing basis:

1. Seek alternatives to synthetic HGH injections. While injectable growth hormones have been shown to increase HGH levels, there are a number of issues associated with this practice – including the high cost of injections as well as the fact that they are illegal without a prescription. Another lesser-known caveat is that pumping the body with high levels of artificial growth hormones may actually cause the body to decrease production of its own natural HGH. So, in the long run, it’s better to find natural ways to stimulate increased HGH secretion.

2. Get enough sleep. Since the majority of HGH production in adults occurs overnight during slow-wave sleep (or “deep” sleep), it is essential to get sufficient high-quality sleep – ideally, 7 to 8 hours per night. To help elevate HGH levels, try to adhere to a regular sleep routine: go to bed at the same time every evening and wake up at the same time each morning. It’s also important to have uninterrupted sleep, so avoid consuming alcohol or caffeine before bedtime, as they can interfere with normal sleep patterns. Try to minimize light and noise to avoid interruptions to your sleep schedule, and keep your bedroom at a comfortable temperature so that you don’t awake in the middle of the night shivering or sweating.

3. Adhere to a healthy diet. There is an inverse relationship between insulin and HGH – higher levels of insulin suppress HGH production. Therefore, it is critical to consume the right foods at the right time to regulate insulin levels and promote HGH release. Many experts recommend eating multiple small meals over the course of the day, and the majority agree that it is best to limit your intake of highly processed, complex carbohydrates (like white bread and white rice) as well as sugary food and beverages (including soda and sports drinks made with high-fructose corn syrup), as these can trigger a spike in insulin.

Your best bet is to build your diet around high-fiber, protein-rich foods, such as vegetables, fruits, nuts and beans/legumes. Opt for low-glycemic, slow-digesting carbohydrates like oatmeal, pears, apples, sweet potatoes and brown rice. To help minimize insulin secretion, try eating a low-carb, high-protein snack a few hours before bedtime – think nuts like almonds, pistachios and walnuts; pumpkin or sunflower seeds; edamame; hummus; yogurt; or cottage cheese.

4. Engage in high-intensity interval training. While proper sleep and nutrition are both effective ways to support a natural increase in HGH levels, exercise also plays a critical role. Many different types of exercise can help maintain a healthy body and regulate insulin levels, but high-intensity interval training in particular has the potential to naturally boost HGH levels. This occurs in direct response to the stress on your muscles, signaling the pituitary gland to secrete more HGH to repair the tissue. Several studies have examined the effects of this exercise-induced growth hormone response (EIGR) and determined the associated benefits.

5. Consume whey protein before and after exercise. Research has shown that consuming a rapidly absorbed protein, such as whey protein, may help promote optimal muscle building after resistance exercise. Another study found that consuming whey protein half an hour before resistance training can accelerate metabolism not only during exercise, but up to 24 hours after a workout. offers several high-quality whey protein mixes designed to enhance muscularity and stimulate HGH production, including CytoSport Vanilla Whey Protein, Elite Chocolate Mint Whey Protein, Elite Butter Toffee Whey Protein, IsoBolic Vanilla Whey Protein and Multi-Pro Chocolate Whey Protein.

6. Practice occasional fasting. A healthy diet is vital to provide the energy you need to complete intense workouts. However, some studies have suggested that intermittent fasting may be an effective way to balance blood-sugar levels and trigger HGH release. If your workout schedule allows for it, you might want to try periodic fasting on any off days in your training.

7. Add natural HGH releasers to your dietary supplements. Unlike injectable HGH, which introduces synthetic chemicals into your system, natural HGH releasers stimulate your body to produce more of its own HGH. Look for HGH supplements that contain proven natural ingredients, such as L-arginine, L-glutamine, L-leucine, L-tyrosine, bovine colostrum and others. You’ll find many of these naturally derived ingredients in Purity Select health and bodybuilding supplements from, including HGH 30,000 Pills, HGH 30,000 Spray, Somatropinne HGH, DBol-GH, Ana-GH and HGH Testosterone Plus.

Following these recommendations will help you increase HGH levels naturally and in a healthy way while also enabling you to attain peak physical condition. Are there any other tips and best practices you implement to boost your HGH production? We invite you to join the conversation and post your comments below!


Besedovsky, Luciana; Lange, Tanja; and Born, Jan. “Sleep and Immune Function”; Pflugers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology; January 2012. <>

Churchward-Venne, Tyler A.; Burd, Nicholas A; and Phillips, Stuart M. “Nutritional Regulation of Muscle Protein Synthesis With Resistance Exercise: Strategies to Enhance Anabolism”; Nutrition & Metabolism; May 2012. <>

Godfrey, Richard J.; Madgwick, Zahra; and Whyte, Gregory P. “The Exercise-Induced Growth Hormone Response in Athletes”; Sports Medicine; July 2003. <>

Hackney, Kyle J.; Bruenger, Adam J.; Lemmer, Jeffrey T. “Timing Protein Intake Increases Energy Expenditure 24 H After Resistance Training”; Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise; May 2010. <>

Harvard Medical School. “Growth Hormone, Athletic Performance, and Aging”; Harvard Men’s Health Watch; May 2010; accessed November 9, 2014. <>

Ho, Kian Y.; Veldhuis, Johannes D.; et al. “Fasting Enhances Growth Hormone Secretion and Amplifies the Complex Rhythms of Growth Hormone Secretion in Man”; The Journal of Clinical Investigation; April 1988. <>

Jackson, Joe. “Unlock Your Potential: How to Boost Your HGH Levels”; Men’s Fitness; accessed November 9, 2014. <>

Nindl, Bradley C.; Pierce, Joseph R.; et al. “Twenty-Hour Growth Hormone Secretory Profiles after Aerobic and Resistance Exercise”; Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise; October 2014. <>

Hollywood Actors Bodybuilding Workout Videos and Tips

Hollywood Actors Bodybuilding Workout Videos and Tips

Ever wonder how actors attain their chiseled physiques for movie roles like Wolverine, Thor, Iron Man, Captain America and the warriors in 300? Well, so did we. We found some great videos that divulge their bodybuilding workouts, secrets and diets. Plus, we created a star-studded Pinterest board filled with even more Hollywood movie role workouts for you to get an inside look at how these actors transform their bodies to become your favorite big screen characters.

Getting in Shape for the Movie 300

While getting ready to be in the film 300: Rise of the Empire, many of the actors trained over the course of seven months. As they trained, these actor's bodies were put under a lot of muscular and metabolic stress. They never did the same workout twice.

Gerard Butler states, “I think cardio is always a killer. Cardio. Cardio. Cardio. I hate it, but it’s the one that makes the difference. I kind of love to just go in the gym and do weights, but unfortunately, you can’t always get away with that. So, when you combine weights with circuit training, it’s a great way of building muscle in a leaner way and also burning fat because you’re doing a lot of cardio as well.”

Mark Twight, the personal trainer responsible for coming up with the workouts to sculpt those infamous six-pack abs, shares some insight regarding what it takes to get the actors in shape for a film like 300.

Transforming from Jackman to Wolverine

Ever wonder what Hugh Jackman’s diet is like as he prepares to become the Wolverine character? In this video, Hugh Jackman shares his secret, along with what he had to do while filming Les Misérables, which he was working on right before his next Wolverine film. You’ll have to watch the entire video to get the low-down on what he consumes while getting ready to play Wolverine.

Affleck's Top 5 Exercises for The Town Role

Sports nutritionist Rehan Jalali shows us how to do five of the incredible exercises Ben Affleck did with personal trainer Walter Norton, Jr., while preparing for his role in the movie The Town. Affleck's philosophy as he trained for this part was, "Intensity builds immensity."

Jalali is at the Gold's Gym in LA to give us an up-close and personal look at the technique for each exercise:

  • Weighted Pull Ups (Back)
  • Dumbbell Bench Press (Chest)
  • Supinated Curls (Biceps)
  • Walking Lunges (Legs)
  • Hanging Leg Raises (Abs)

Plus, he shares the weight Affleck was using while doing these exercises. What a great way to get lean and tight for the part.

Pinterest Board for Star-Studded Movie Role Workouts

Discover more Hollywood star workouts for some of your favorite movie characters with's Hollywood Actors Bodybuilding Workout Videos and Tips Pinterest board.

Follow Bodybuilding's Hollywood Actors Bodybuilding Workout Videos and Tips Pinterest board.



Beta-Ecdysterone Benefits, Uses, Side Effects and Functions

Function, Sources and Benefits of the Health Supplement Ingredient Beta-Ecdysterone, or 20-Hydroxyecdysone

Beta-ecdysterone – also known as 20-hydroxyecdysone, beta-ecdysone and 20-hydroxy-beta-ecdysterone – is a phytoecdysteroid, or plant-derived ecdysteroid. Ecdysterone is present within arthropods (insects and marine invertebrates) as well as various plants and fungi. The plant-based version of beta-ecdysterone is used as an ingredient in natural health and bodybuilding supplements, such as DBol-GH.

Functions of Beta-Ecdysterone

In arthropods, ecdysterone controls molting and metamorphosis. It is believed that plants produce phytoecdysteroids as a natural defense against plant-eating insects, as they can cause premature molting and other metabolic damage. Plant-derived beta-ecdysterone is structurally similar to testosterone and has been shown to affect steroid receptors in animal tests. These anabolic properties have led to its use in health and bodybuilding supplements.

Sources of Beta-Ecdysterone

While ecdysterone is naturally produced in insects, crabs and other arthropods, the type most commonly consumed by humans is extracted from plants and taken in capsule form as a natural dietary supplement. Among the many plants that contain beta-ecdysterone are Suma (Hebanthe Eriantha, also known as Brazilian Ginseng), Maral Root (Rhaponticum Carthamoides), Leuzea (Leuzea Carthamoides), Ox Knee (Achyranthes Bidentata), Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia), Serratula (Serratula Coronata) and Cyanotis Vaga.

Beta-Ecdysterone Benefits and Uses

Animal studies have shown that phytoecdysteroids play a role in protein biosynthesis; these anabolic properties suggest they may have a positive impact on human metabolism. Accordingly, beta-ecdysterone is primarily used in health and bodybuilding supplements to help increase muscle mass, enhance muscle definition, reduce body fat and improve athletic performance. Research has also indicated that beta-ecdysterone may provide other health benefits, such as protecting the cardiovascular system, suppressing degenerative diseases, improving glucose metabolism, supporting wound healing, enhancing skin condition and preventing oxidative damage to human lens epithelial cells.

Side Effects of Beta-Ecdysterone and Potential Interactions

At present, there do not appear to be any known side effects or potential interactions associated with beta-ecdysterone. However, as with any medication or health supplement, it is best to consult your physician before taking supplements containing beta-ecdysterone.

Beta-Ecdysterone Research and Studies

Numerous studies have been conducted concerning the benefits of beta-ecdysterone. Among those cited in support of its use as a bodybuilding supplement is a study by Russian researchers published in Eksperimental’naia i Klinicheskaia Farmakologiia, which found that beta-ecdysterone contributed to muscle mass increases while reducing body fat content in human subjects. Another report published by Czech scientists in Experientia indicated that beta-ecdysterone consumed by Japanese quail resulted in a 115% increase in body mass. And Diabetes, A Journal of The American Diabetes Association, reported an animal study showing that beta-ecdysterone resulted in lower body weight, improved glucose metabolism and enhanced muscle insulin signaling.

Additional benefits have emerged following international research into the use of beta-ecdysterone. Czech researchers discussed the positive biological effects of beta-ecdysterone in Natural Product Communications, theorizing that the substance has the potential to protect organisms from degenerative diseases, suppress neurodegenerative processes and protect the cardiovascular system. Menopause, The Journal of the North American Menopause Society, featured an animal study that suggested beta-ecdysterone could improve skin condition in postmenopausal women. And the International Journal of Ophthalmology published a Chinese study on senile cataracts, which found that beta-ecdysterone could inhibit oxidative damage in human lens epithelial cells

For additional research related to ecdysterone, refer to the PubMed site sponsored by the National Institutes of Health. Supplements With Beta-Ecdysterone

Those seeking to leverage the anabolic effects of beta-ecdysterone can find this plant-based ecdysteroid in a popular natural health and bodybuilding supplement from

DBol-GH – Beta-ecdysterone (20-Hydroxyecdysone) is a featured ingredient within the proprietary blend content of DBol-GH, which is formulated to increase human growth hormone (HGH) levels, build muscle and increase lean mass. The active ingredients in DBol-GH capsules are designed to stack and work together, making it a popular choice among athletes and bodybuilders seeking visible results.

References (Function, Sources, Benefits/Uses and Side Effects/Interactions):

Bruno, Gene. “20-Hydroxyecdysone: The Pro-Anabolic, Plant Steroid”; Smart Supplementation, published by Huntington College of Health Sciences; 2001. <>

Deuster, Patricia; Maier, Steven; et al. “Testosterone Enhancers: Ecdysterone (20-Beta-Hydroxyecdysterone)”; Dietary Supplements and Military Divers: A Synopsis for Undersea Medical Officers, published by Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences; January 2004. <>

Freedman, Lisa. “Beta-Ecdysterone” in “Supplement Guide: A-Z”; Men’s Fitness website; accessed July 23, 2014. <>

Research Sources:

Cahlíková, Lucie; Macáková, Kateřina. “Ecdysterone and its activity on some degenerative diseases”; Natural Product Communications; May 2011. <>

Ehrhardt, Caroline; Wessels, Johannes T.; et al. “The Effects of 20-Hydroxyecdysone and 17β-Estradiol on the Skin of Ovariectomized Rats”; Menopause; March 2011. <>

Slim Down This Summer - Weight Loss & Fat Burning Tips

Key Fat Burning Workouts for Slimming Down This Summer

Looking to lose weight now? Summertime is right around the corner and it's time to slim down with some proven methods for burning burn fat and losing unwanted pounds. From eating right to working out to selecting the best natural metabolism-boosting supplements, you need to choose the most effective strategies to achieve your weight loss goals.

Blast Off the Pounds with a Total Body Workout

The weight loss workout from BeFit in 30 Extreme is an incredible total body conditioning workout with just the right combination of cardio moves to boost your metabolism, burn fat and increase lean muscle. Expert Trainer & and Actor, Scott Herman takes you through a 20-minute workout that is designed to improve your endurance while exercising your major muscle groups from head to toe. There are 3 powerful fat-burning circuits focusing on three calisthenic exercises, including:

Bicycles High Knees Mountain Climbers
Burpees Hot Feet with Lunges Skaters
Butt Kicks Jumping Jacks Squat-Squat-Hops
Floor Wipers Lateral Hops Table Cell
Heismans Lunges Toe Jumps

This video provides modifications to tailor to any skill level and is ideal for anyone who wants to build strength while burning fat. The BeFit team begins with a high-energy warm-up, before diving into the 3 ultimate fat-burning circuits followed by an ab burnout routine, and finishing up with a stretching cool-down series to prevent injury and maximize results.

This Workout Is a Real HIIT for Fat Loss

Kick your workout routine up a notch with FitnessBlender's HIIT Workout for Fat Loss. Daniel and Kelli, FitnessBlender's dynamic duo, will take you through an entire 20-minute high-intensity interval-training workout that includes:

  • Warm Up (5 minutes)
  • HIIT (10 minutes)
  • Cool Down/Stretch (5 minutes)


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