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"Information in this blog and blog articles consist of materials from 3rd party sources. The entirety of this blog is meant for informational purposes only and may contain statements that HGH.com and Purity Select does not necessarily agree with because they may not be completely accurate or opinions that are scientifically based or reliable."

HGH.com Natural HGH, Bodybuilding, Health and Fitness Supplements Offer Sales Growth Opportunities for Online Affiliates and Point-of-Sale Resellers

Online Retailer and Wholesale Distribution Programs Allow HGH.com Partners to Capitalize on $37 Billion Natural Health Supplements Market 

BOONTON, N.J., May 4, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- According to an industry forecast published last month, the global natural health supplements market was worth an estimated $36.8 billion in 2016 and is expected to surpass $68.1 billion by 2024.* HGH.com—a leading manufacturer of natural human growth hormone (HGH), bodybuilding, health and fitness supplements—is looking to expand its affiliate networks in this high-growth industry, offering excellent profit potential for both online retailers and wholesale distribution channels such as gyms, personal trainers, and independent vitamin and supplement stores.

Renowned for its Purity Select line of natural HGH releasers and bodybuilding supplements, HGH.com is endorsed by multiple award-winning athletes, including International Federation of Bodybuilding and Fitness (IFBB) pros Tricky Jackson, Ben White and Tara Silzer. The company also offers dietary supplements to support weight management, sexual health, anti-aging benefits, and bone, joint and cartilage health. All HGH.com products are made in the United States in Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) facilities to ensure optimal quality.

"HGH.com has a long history of satisfied customers thanks to the quality, effectiveness and proven results of our natural health supplements," said Dan Smith of HGH.com. "We also have great relationships with our online affiliates and wholesale buyers, who have the potential for strong profit margins as well as the confidence that comes from selling trusted products with a money-back guarantee. I look forward to welcoming new partners to share in our success in today's rapidly growing supplement market."

Internet-based retailers can take advantage of HGH.com's affiliate program, which features the highest commissions in the health supplement industry, ranging from 15% to 30% or more. HGH.com also provides industry-leading support, reliable tracking technology to ensure every sale is credited, and market-tested offers to optimize sales conversions and commissions.

Gym owners, personal trainers, bodybuilders, local vitamin/supplement stores and other retail outlets can take advantage of HGH.com's wholesale distribution program, which offers Purity Select products at special discounted prices that allow for a profitable markup at retail.

To learn more about these affiliate and wholesale distribution programs—or to explore the full range of Purity Select natural HGH, bodybuilding, health and fitness supplements—visit http://www.hgh.com.

About Purity Select and HGH.com:
HGH.com is an established provider of natural human growth hormone (HGH), bodybuilding and overall health supplements that are designed to benefit consumers naturally through dietary supplementation and provide an alternative to prescription medicine. In 2010, Purity Select acquired HGH.com and continues to offer an exclusive line of supplements for bodybuilding, muscle growth, low testosterone, increased strength, endurance, weight loss, anti-aging, and other health and fitness goals. All Purity Select products are manufactured in the United States through Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) facilities to ensure optimal quality. The company's ongoing commitment to quality, innovation and customer service has positioned Purity Select and HGH.com as leading brands within the bodybuilding supplement industry.

* Persistence Market Research. "Global Consumption of Natural Health Supplements will Surpass US$ 68 Bn Revenues during 2016-2024"; media release issued April 18, 2017. http://www.persistencemarketresearch.com/mediarelease/natural-health-supplements-market.asp

Media Inquiries:
Dan Smith
http://www.hgh.com 
888-399-5993

   




2016 NPC Southern Classic Results and Winners

2016 NPC Southern Classic


June 4            
Thalia Maria Hall 255 East Pascagoula St. Jackson, MS 39201 United States
Organizer: Don Hollis
Event Categories: Bikini, Bodybuilding, Classic Physique, Figure, Fitness, Men's Physique, NPC, Women's Physique
Website: www.npcsouthernclassic.com
Event: NPC

People from all over the country participated in 2016 NPC Southern Class which is a national qualifier. It was a tight competition at every stage and after some difficult decisions, we have our winners.
Congratulations to all the participants of the 2016 NPC Southern Classic. The championships included events such as Bikini, Bodybuilding, Classic Physique, Figure, Fitness, Men's Physique and Women's Physique . 

Following are the top overall winners for each of the events:

MEN'S BODYBUILDING
SUPER HEAVYWEIGHT
1. CHANNING GORDON

 

CHANNING GORDON Super Heavyweight 1st Place - 2016 NPC Southern Classic

CHANNING GORDON
Super Heavyweight Bodybuilding (1st)

 

HEAVYWEIGHT
1. DARYL YOUNG
2. BENJI GEDERT
3. JON MARC FRANKLIN
4. BRAD LANEY
5. CORNELIUS SMITH

LIGHT HEAVYWEIGHT
1. RICHARD STEGALL
2. CONNER MASTERS
3. QASIM ALSETRI
4. RIDGE WILLCUTT

MIDDLEWEIGHT
1. DANNY TROSCLAIR
2. MATTHEW CHRISTMAN
3. MAGEAL CRUZ

JUNIOR HEAVYWEIGHT
1. CONNER MASTERS
2. QASIM ALSETRI
3. WILLIAM WADE
4. EARL WHITE
5. RIDGE WILLCUTT

JUNIOR MIDDLEWEIGHT
1. PATRICK PORTERFIELD
2. JOSEPH HANDY

WELTERWEIGHT
1. KEVIN HARMON
2. MATTHEW LANDRY

LIGHTWEIGHT
1. CAESAR HAMILTON

TEEN
1. STEVEN RENICK

TRUE NOVICE HEAVYWEIGHT
1. JUSTIN PRICE

TRUE NOVICE LIGHTWEIGHT
1. MATTHEW LANDRY
2. STEVEN RENICK

UNIFORM HEAVYWEIGHT
1. WILLIAM WADE

UNIFORM LIGHTWEIGHT
1. CAESAR HAMILTON

BANTAMWEIGHT
1. CHASE GATES

MASTERS OVER 35
1. RICHARD STEGALL
2. BENJI GEDERT

MASTERS OVER 40 HEAVYWEIGHT
1. DARYL YOUNG
2. CORNELIUS SMITH

MASTERS OVER 40 LIGHTWEIGHT
1. KEVIN HARMON
2. MARVIN WILLIAMS

MASTERS OVER 50
1. SCOTT SANDIDGE

MASTERS OVER 60
1. CAESAR HAMILTON

MEN'S PHYSIQUE
CLASS A
1. COREY BECKER
2. JOHN DAVIS
3. BLAINE STIGER
4. JOHNNY BURSE
5. JOSPEH CARTWRIGHT

CLASS B
1. SEAN EVANS
2. ROBERT MARTIN
3. JARED GRIFFIN

CLASS C
1. RANDY HUOT
2. MARION THREATT
3. DERRICK ROACH

CLASS D
1. JULIUS ROBERTS
2. PATRICK BOBINGER
3. COREY LIPSEY
4. BEN HUTTO
5. OMAR SALAM

CLASS E
1. KARL EDWARDS
2. CHRISTIAN MCELVEEN

CLASS F
1. WAYNE FRANKLIN
2. ANDRE' CARTLIDGE
3. LEWIS EDWARDS
4. BERNARD GREEN
5. BRANDON CHAPMAN

JUNIOR
1. RANDY HUOT
2. JOHN DAVIS
3. BLAINE STIGER
4. BRANDON CHAPMAN
5. EVAN JEFFERSON

TEEN
1. ALEX SMITH

TRUE NOVICE
1. ALEX SMITH
2. OMAR SALAM
3. OMAR SALAM
4. EVAN JEFFERSON
5. EVAN JEFFERSON

UNIFORM
1. KARL EDWARDS
2. DERRICK ROACH

MASTERS OVER 35
1. JULIUS ROBERTS
2. MARCUS THOMAS
3. COREY LIPSEY
4. DAVID BLAKE
5. JIMMY ROSIT

MASTERS OVER 40
1. MARKIES MOORE
2. NIK REPPUHN
3. JARON SINGLEY
4. QUIENCELAN DANIEL

MASTERS OVER 40
1. ANDRE' CARTLIDGE
2. BERNARD GREEN
3. MARION THREATT
4. BRETT ROBINSON
5. CLARK HENEGAN

Figure Class A
1. JULIE' VALENCIA
2. EVELYN HARMON

JULIE' VALENCIA Figure Class A 1st Place - 2016 NPC Southern Classic

            EVELYN HARMON Figure Class 2nd Place - 2016 NPC Southern Classic

JULIE' VALENCIA
Figure Class A (1st)
EVELYN HARMON
Figure Class A (2nd)

 

Class B
1. CORTNEY HACKETT
2. RENEE TIBBS
3. SHEILA ANDERSON
4. JESSICA HAMILTON

Class C
1. HANNAH NEWELL
2. AIMEE WELU
3. KRISTA HAWKINS
4. AMY SMITH

Class D
1. MAE LANG LOWE
2. ENGLISH BENNETT
3. ANGELA STAMEY
4. REBECCA PAYTON

Class E
1. ANNA TAYLOR

Class F
1. HERMAINE WILLIAMSON
2. ANNA ADAMS
3. MAUREEN GRONDIN
4. ALLISA BASSETT


JUNIOR
1. HERMAINE WILLIAMSON
2. ANNA ADAMS
3. OLIVIA RAMSEY
4. RENEE TIBBS
5. MAUREEN GRONDIN

TRUE NOVICE
1. KRISTA HAWKINS
2. OLIVIA RAMSEY

MASTERS OVER 35
1. REGINA ROBINSON
2. KRISTA HAWKINS


MASTERS OVER 40
1. AIMEE WELU
2. MAUREEN GRONDIN
3. RENEE TIBBS
4. REBECCA PAYTON
5. AMY SMITH


MASTERS OVER 50
1. MAE LANG LOWE
2. ANGELA STAMEY
3. SHEILA ANDERSON
4. KATHY TAYLOR

BIKINI CLASS A
1. DIANNE HOLMAN
2. ASHTON MORAVEC
3. MADISON MONAHAN

DIANNE HOLMAN Bikini Class A 1st Place - 2016 NPC Southern Classic

           ASHTON MORAVEC Bikini Class A 2nd Place -2016 NPC Southern Classic

DIANNE HOLMAN
Bikini Class A (1st)
ASHTON MORAVEC
Bikini Class A (2nd)

 
Bikini Class B
1. BRANDI PAYTON
2. JORDYN TUCKER
3. ANDREA DEKERLEGAND
4. ANA TROSCLAIR
5. JENNIFER HEBERT

Bikini Class C
1. JULIE FALGOUT
2. ASHLEY ROBERTS
3. LAUREN SAHLER
4. TIFFANY TRAN
5. INDIA KNIPPERS

Bikini Class D Overall
1. LINDSAY LEWIS
2. MANDY REEVES
3. TONYA WITT
4. LACEY HARRIS
5. CARY JOHNSTON

CLASS E
1. SUMMER LYONS
2. ELISA CARNEY
3. JAYNE SIMMERS
4. CRYSTAL THOMAS
5. JULIE REDUS

CLASS F
1. LATASHA JOHNIGAN
2. ALONDRA JEFFERSON

JUNIOR CLASS A
1. JENNIFER HEBERT
2. DIANNE HOLMAN
3. ASHTON MORAVEC
4. INDIA KNIPPERS
5. NIKI KLEINBERGER

JUNIOR CLASS B
1. SUMMER LYONS
2. MANDY REEVES
3. TONYA WITT
4. TONYA WITT
5. VIRGINA MORRIS

TRUE NOVICE
1. DIANNE HOLMAN
2. VICTORIA CRUMPTON
3. CARY JOHNSTON
4. RACHEL GRAHAM
5. LINDSIE WILSON

MASTERS OVER 35
1. LATASHA JOHNIGAN
2. VICTORIA CRUMPTON
3. RACHEL GRAHAM
4. WILDER ROBERTS
5. LYLLA JOE

MASTERS OVER 45
1. DANA WILKERSON
2. SABRINA PRINCE

WOMEN'S PHYSIQUE
CLASS A
1. HOLLY JOY CAYIA
2. BETTY JO PITTS
3. TRACY LANDRUM

HOLLY JOY CAYIA Women's Physique Class A 1st Place - 2016 NPC Southern Classic

           BETTY JO PITTS Women's Physique Class A 2nd Place - 2016 NPC Southern Classic

HOLLY JOY CAYIA
Physique Class A Overall (1st)
BETTY JO PITTS
Physique Class A Overall (2nd)


Class B
1. QIANA MCCLENTY

JUNIOR
1. QIANA MCCLENTY

TRUE NOVICE
1. TRACY LANDRUM

MASTERS OVER 35
1. HOLLY JOY CAYIA
2. TRACY LANDRUM

Congratulations to all of the competitors who participated in the 2016 NPC Southern Classic. To see all results and photos visit - http://contests.npcnewsonline.com/contests/2016/npc_southern_classic/

Be sure to visit the HGH.com blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.

 




2016 NPC Texas Shredder Classic Results and Winners

2016 NPC Texas Shredder Classic

USA Championships
May 28            
Pflugerville High School Performing Art Center 1402 Pecan St Pflugerville Tx 78660
Promoters: Dave Goodin, Diana Hurley & Blythe Savera
Phone: (512) 539-9598
Website: http://texasshredderclassic.com/
Event: NPC

In 2016, we are going to cap the number of athletes we are going to let into the Texas Shredder Classic at 300. We are doing this so that we can ensure a great quality show, that every athlete will get ample stage time, that there is room back stage and that the most important thing is returned to the sport, the celebration of all the athletes’ accomplishments. It’s not all about the numbers or the money it’s, about athletes first.

Congratulations to all the participants of the 2016 NPC Texas Shredder Classic. The championships included events such as bodybuilding, physique, bikini, and figure.

Following are the top overall winners for each of the events:

MEN'S BODYBUILDING
Heavyweight
1. ZACK BARNARD
2. JON LOURO
3. JOSH BRAME
 

ZACK BARNARD Heavyweight 1st Place - 2016 NPC Texas Shredder Classic

          Jon Louro Heavyweight 2nd Place - 2016 NPC Texas Shredder Classic

ZACK BARNARD
Heavyweight Bodybuilding (1st)
Jon Louro
Heavyweight Bodybuilding Overall (2nd)

 

MIDDLEWEIGHT
1. CHRISTOPHER FRY
2. DEAN WERNER
3. GEORGE A HALEEM
4. CHRISTOPHER BEARD

LIGHTWEIGHT
1. JAMES PARTEN

NOVICE HEAVYWEIGHT
1. JON LOURO
2. THEO THURSTON
3. REIDLAND TUCKER
4. CHRISTIAN GOLD
5. ERIC POLAND

NOVICE LIGHTWEIGHT
1. CHRISTOPHER BEARD

NOVICE MIDDLEWEIGHT
1. CHRISTOPHER FRY
2. GEORGE A HALEEM
3. ZACH HUNT
4. BRANDON GONZALES
5. MATHEW VERVER

TEEN
1. CHRISTIAN GOLD

MASTERS OVER 35
1. DAVID QUINN

MASTERS OVER 50
1. THEO THURSTON
2. CURTIS RICH
3. EDWARD MCGREGOR
4. GERRY SINGLETON

MASTERS OVER 60
1. THEO THURSTON
2. HUGH BIDDICK

MASTERS OVER 70
1. ED THOMPSON
2. HUGH BIDDICK

MEN'S PHYSIQUE
CLASS A
1. ZIYAD HAFEEZ
2. DINO BERTAGNA
3. TIM DALLINGER
4. MOHAMMED ALINDONOSI
5. CARLOS ALMAGUER

CLASS B
1. BRANDON MCKINNEY
2. DANIEL ADAMS
3. JONATHAN SCRIBNER
4. JASIU ZAWITKOWSKI
5. KEVIN VENTO

CLASS C
1. KEVIN DIXON
2. ROGER PAUL MORENO
3. SKYLER SPILLER
4. DAVID SHORT

NOVICE CLASS A
1. DINO BERTAGNA
2. ZIYAD HAFEEZ
3. KEVIN AVILA
4. JUAN MARTINEZ
5. LUIS R GUZMAN

NOVICE CLASS B
1. BRANDON MCKINNEY
2. KYLE DUNMON
3. TEAGHAN AVRETT
4. NICK MONTANA
5. DANNY SANBORN

NOVICE CLASS C
1. DAVID SHORT
2. STEVEN MORAN
3. MICHAEL PANOFF
4. EVAN BOLTON
5. WAYNE PEDERSEN

TEEN
1. KYLE DUNMON
2. JOE EDZARDS

MASTERS OVER 35
1. PHILLIP GREEN
2. MICHAEL PANOFF
3. CRUZ NAJERA
4. WILLIAM TODD RESNIK
5. BRANDON RANNEY

MASTERS OVER 45
1. PHILLIP GREEN
2. WAYNE PEDERSEN
3. MARK SMITH

Figure Class A
1. TARA KINNEY
2. JACKIE MOHR
3. ALISON GARDNER

TARA KINNEY Figure Class A 1st Place - 2016 npc Texas Shredder Classic

            JACKIE MOHR Figure Class A 2nd Place - 2016 NPC Texas Shredder Classic

TARA KINNEY
Figure Class A (1st)
JACKIE MOHR
Figure Class A (2nd)

 

Figure Class B
1. BRIESEN COOPER
2. ADELE' MOUTON
3. MICHELLE BOOZER
4. LAURA FLEMING
5. NICHOLE CARLSON

Figure Class C
1. WENDI MURRAY
2. MASON EVERETT
3. ALISA WAGNER
4. KARI PAEGLE

NOVICE CLASS A
1. JACKIE MOHR
2. JESSICA BAIG
3. KENJRA STURGIS
4. NICOLE AKARD

NOVICE CLASS B
1. MICHELLE BOOZER
2. TIFFANY BATTS
3. LAURA FLEMING
4. MEGAN TORRES

NOVICE CLASS C
1. MASON EVERETT
2. KATHLEEN ILIFF
3. ASHLIE SHOEMAKER
4. BECKY KEYES

MASTERS OVER 35
1. TARA KINNEY
2. JACKIE MOHR
3. MYESHIA FRANCIS-PARKER
4. NICHOLE CARLSON

MASTERS OVER 45
1. PAM LOVE
2. BECKY KEYES
3. KARI PAEGLE
4. DEBRA CROOMS

BIKINI CLASS A
1. WHITNEY HAIRSTON
2. CARMEN VALLE
3. JOLEEN ENGLISH
4. SHELBY STAVENA
5. QUENDALINE DAVIS

WHITNEY HAIRSTON Bikini Class A 1st Place - 2016 NPC Texas Shredder Classic

           CARMEN VALLE Bikini Class A 2nd Place - 2016 NPC Texas Shredder Classic

WHITNEY HAIRSTON
Bikini Class A (1st)
CARMEN VALLE
Bikini Class A (2nd)

 
Bikini Class B
1. GINGER HSIEH
2. KATY CURTIS
3. KATI EPPS
4. ELISABETH CONNELL
5. WHITNEY FENZEL

Bikini Class C
1. NESSA MARTIN
2. NEDDIE GARCIA
3. RACHEL YARGER
4. KARINA POWERS
5. BRIDGETT RENEAU

Bikini Class D
1. CATHY HARVEY
2. JENA MAYS
3. AMIE KHAN
4. JENNIFER LANE
5. BRANDI HOPKINS

NOVICE CLASS A
1. QUENDALINE DAVIS
2. JOLEEN ENGLISH
3. KATI EPPS
4. KATY CURTIS
5. SURIRAT RAUSCH

NOVICE CLASS B
1. NESSA MARTIN
2. RACHEL YARGER
3. ELISABETH CONNELL
4. WHITNEY FENZEL
5. CRYSTAL JANKE

NOVICE CLASS C
1. SARA RINGLE
2. NEDDIE GARCIA
3. JESSICA JUAREZ
4. REBECCA THUESON
5. LIANNA CONFORTI

NOVICE CLASS D
1. MORGAN STEPHENS
2. JENA MAYS
3. MEGAN SANTOS
4. HANNAH TREPTOW
5. KELLEN SKINNER

NOVICE CLASS E
1. JENNIFER LANE
2. TORI NORTHCUTT
3. LINDSAY BRASELTON
4. TAYLOR TUTTLE
5. TRISHA HEBER

MASTERS OVER 35
1. CARMEN VALLE
2. NESSA MARTIN
3. GINGER HSIEH
4. CATHY HARVEY
5. RACHAEL PARHAM

MASTERS OVER 45
1. KARINA POWERS
2. CAROLYN ANGELLO
3. MAGGIE MEYER
4. SHELLY ARMSTRONG

MEN'S CLASSIC PHYSIQUE
CLASS A
1. SERGE RODRIGUEZ
2. THOMAS MASCORRO

SERGE RODRIGUEZ Men's Classic Physique Class A 1st Place -2016 NPC Texas Shredder Classic

           THOMAS MASCORRO Men's Classic Physique Class A 2nd Place - 2016 npc Texas Shredder Classic

SERGE RODRIGUEZ
Men's Classic Physique Class A (1st)
THOMAS MASCORRO
Men's Classic Physique Class A (2nd)


Mens Physique Class B
1. JASIU ZAWITKOWSKI

Mens Physique Class C
1. JORDAN SCHELL
2. MICHAEL ALTON


NOVICE CLASS A
1. SERGE RODRIGUEZ


NOVICE CLASS B
1. JASIU ZAWITKOWSKI
2. ANTHONY GARDLEY


MASTERS OVER 35
1. ZACK BARNARD
2. MICHAEL ALTON

Womens Physique Class A
1. MARRY SU
2. JAMIE FLETCHER

Womens Physique Class B
1. ALISA WAGNER
2. CLAUDIA SHELTON
NOVICE
1. OLIVIA BAKER
2. ALISA WAGNER
3. BRITTANY HOLMES

MASTERS
1. MARRY SU
2. ALISA WAGNER
3. CLAUDIA SHELTONCongratulations to all of the competitors who participated in the 2016 NPC Texas Shredder Classic. To see all results and photos visit - http://contests.npcnewsonline.com/contests/2016/npc_texas_shredder_classic/

Be sure to visit the HGH.com blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.

 

 




Tribulus Terrestris Benefits, Uses, Side Effects and Functions


Discover the Function, Sources and Benefits of the Health Supplement Ingredient Tribulus Terrestris, or Caltrop

Tribulus terrestris – also known as caltrop, devil’s weed, devil’s thorn, puncture vine or simply Tribulus – is a fruit-bearing herb that grows in subtropical regions. Extracts from the plant have long been used in traditional Chinese and Indian Ayurvedic medicine to promote virility and vitality, and to treat health complaints. Today, Tribulus terrestris is often used as an ingredient in health and bodybuilding supplements, such as HGH Testosterone Plus, Anapolan-MAX 50, ClenXDV and RoidX Juice.

Functions of Tribulus Terrestris

Various constituents of the Tribulus terrestris plant are credited with its beneficial properties. Protodioscin, the plant’s primary bioactive component, appears to enhance libido and sexual function by increasing sex hormone levels. Its saponins are believed to have cytotoxic and antihyperlipidemic effects, while tribulosin demonstrates cardioprotective properties. Because Tribulus terrestris may have the potential to increase testosterone levels, some theorize this can translate to a positive impact on body composition and athletic performance.

Sources of Tribulus Terrestris

Native to Asia, Africa and southern Europe, Tribulus terrestris is harvested for its extracts. The plant should not be consumed raw, as its spine-covered fruit is considered unsafe to eat; in fact, some reports indicate that eating Tribulus fruit may cause collapsed lungs. However, its extracts have been used in traditional medicines and natural dietary supplements for many years. Tribulus extracts may be derived from the root, leaf or fruit of the plant.

Tribulus Terrestris Benefits and Uses

In traditional Chinese medicine and Ayurveda, Tribulus terrestris has been used to enhance libido and sexual function, increase energy and strength, and treat a variety of health issues, such as heart problems, chest pain, skin disorders and kidney stones. Preliminary research suggests that Tribulus extract does indeed deliver many potential health benefits, from lowering blood pressure and blood glucose levels to supporting cardiovascular and organ health. It has also been shown to have analgesic (pain-relieving), anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. Furthermore, some evidence suggests it may have future potential for treating breast, prostate and UVB-induced skin cancer.

Due to its purported aphrodisiac and erectogenic effects, Tribulus extract is commonly used as an ingredient in supplements designed to enhance male sexual health. It can also be found in bodybuilding supplements that are formulated to improve muscle strength and lean mass; and its cardioprotective and analgesic properties may further benefit those engaged in intense training or exercise.

Side Effects of Tribulus Terrestris and Potential Interactions

Supplements containing Tribulus terrestris extracts are generally considered safe for healthy adults. Some minor side effects have been reported, such as gastrointestinal irritation, gastric reflux and difficulty sleeping. However, individuals with certain medical conditions should exercise caution when taking supplements containing Tribulus extract. Some evidence suggests it may worsen prostate conditions or prostate cancer and can potentially harm fetal development, so men with prostate issues and women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should avoid Tribulus extract.

Because Tribulus terrestris has been shown to lower blood pressure and blood sugar levels, it may cause blood pressure or glucose levels to drop too low if taken in conjunction with antihypertensive drugs or diabetes medication. Tribulus extract can cause more frequent urination, and may increase the effects of other diuretics. Using Tribulus supplements with the blood thinner clopidogrel may increase the risk of blood clots.

More detailed safety information on Tribulus terrestris side effects and interactions can be found on healthcare websites such as WebMD. As with any medication or health supplement, it is best to consult your physician before taking dietary supplements containing Tribulus extract.

Tribulus Terrestris Research and Studies

Numerous studies have examined the health benefits of Tribulus terrestris. Resarch published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Life Sciences, Ancient Science of Life and Phytotherapy Research support its antihypertensive and cardioprotective effects, while studies published in the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences and Indian Journal of Experimental Biology demonstrates its anti-diabetic properties. Its potential as a cancer-fighting agent has been documented in numerous publications, including the Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Neoplasma, Pathobiology and Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology.

A review in the Journal of Dietary Supplements attempted to determine the effect of Tribulus terrestris on testosterone concentrations, and reported that a number of animal studies displayed a significant increase in serum testosterone levels after Tribulus administration, but the effect was only noted in humans when Tribulus was administered as part of a combined supplement therapy. However, a pilot study published in the Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy found that men with partial androgen deficiency experienced statistically significant increases in testosterone levels and erectile function following Tribulus supplementation.

Several studies have examined the impact of Tribulus terrestris supplements on athletes. A review published in the Journal of Human Kinetics concluded that there is little reliable data on the usefulness of Tribulus supplements in competitive sports. However, a group of Lithuanian researchers published positive findings in the Fiziolohichnyĭ Zhurnal and Acta Medica Lituanica, reporting that athletes on a 20-day regimen of Tribulus terrestris supplements experienced significant increases in anaerobic alactic muscular power, aerobic capacity and blood testosterone, as well as reduced lactate concentration. In light of the limited and conflicting findings in this area, further clinical studies are needed to definitively support the effects of Tribulus terrestris on the testosterone levels, athletic performance and body composition of athletes and bodybuilders.

For additional Tribulus terrestris research, refer to the PubMed site sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

HGH.com Supplements With Tribulus Terrestris

Athletes, bodybuilders and fitness enthusiasts can harness the health benefits of Tribulus terrestris through natural fitness and bodybuilding supplements from HGH.com:

Testosterone Plus – HGH Testosterone Plus features a proprietary blend of Tribulus terrestris, maca, ginkgo biloba, long jack and other natural ingredients that are formulated to help build muscle, boost energy, promote muscle recovery and enhance sexual health.

A-MAX 50 – Anapolan-MAX is designed to support lean muscle gain while increasing testosterone levels and HGH production. In addition to 100mg of Tribulus terrestris extract, the proprietary blend of ingredients in A-MAX 50 includes L-tyrosine, shilajit, cowhage, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and Vitamin E.

ClenXDV – Each serving of ClenXDV contains 200mg of Tribulus terrestris and a proprietary blend of other natural ingredients, including deer antler velvet, DHEA and wild yam. This formulation is intended to help athletes and bodybuilders build muscle, burn fat and lose weight.

RoidX Juice – The combination of ingredients in RoidX Juice is designed to help bodybuilders quickly increase muscle and weight while supporting muscle recovery. RoidX Juice tablets contain a proprietary blend of Tribulus terrestris, shilajit, DHEA, Vitamin E and other select ingredients.

References (Function, Sources, Benefits/Uses and Side Effects/Interactions):

Examine.com. “Tribulus Terrestris”; published under “Supplements”; accessed June 24, 2015.

Freedman, Lisa. “Supplement Guide: Tribulus Terrestris”; Men’s Fitness; accessed June 24, 2015.

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. “Tribulus Terrestris”; published under “Integrative Medicine”; last updated June 25, 2015.

WebMD. “Tribulus Terrestris”; article in “Vitamins & Supplements”; reviewed December 27, 2014.

WebMD and Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. “Tribulus”; published under “Vitamins & Supplements”; accessed June 24, 2015.

Research Sources:

Amin, Amr; Mohamed Lotfy; et al. “The Protective Effect of Tribulus Terrestris in Diabetes”; Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences; November 2006.

El-Tantawy, W.H. and L.A. Hassanin. “Hypoglycemic and Hypolipidemic Effects of Alcoholic Extract of Tribulus Alatus in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats: A Comparative Study with T. Terrestris (Caltrop)”; Indian Journal of Experimental Biology; September 2007.

Goranova, T.E.; S.S. Bozhanov; et al. “Changes in Gene Expression of CXCR4, CCR7 and BCL2 After Treatment of Breast Cancer Cells With Saponin Extract From Tribulus Terrestris”; Neoplasma; 2015.

Kim, Hye Jin; Jin Chul Kim; et al. “Aqueous Extract of Tribulus Terrestris Linn Induces Cell Growth Arrest and Apoptosis by Down-Regulating NF-κB Signaling in Liver Cancer Cells”; Journal of Ethnopharmacology; June 14, 2011.

Kumar, Manish; Anil Kumar Soni; et al. “Chemopreventive Potential of Tribulus Terrestris Against 7,12-Dimethylbenz (a) Anthracene Induced Skin Papillomagenesis in Mice”; Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention; April-June 2006.

Milašius, Kazys; Rūta Dadelienė; and Juozas Skernevičius. “The Influence of the Tribulus Terrestris Extract on the Parameters of the Functional Preparedness and Athletes’ Organism Homeostasis”; Fiziolohichnyĭ Zhurnal; 2009.

Milašius, Kazys; Marija Pečiukonienė; et al. “Efficacy of the Tribulus Food Supplement Used by Athletes”; Acta Medica Lituanica; 2010.

Murthy, A.R.; S.D. Dubey; and K. Tripathi. “Anti-Hypertensive Effect of Gokshura (Tribulus Terrestris Linn.): A Clinical Study”; Ancient Science of Life; January-April 2000.
<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3336438/pdf/ASL-19-139.pdf>

Phillips, Oludotun A.; Koyippalli T. Mathew; and Mabayoje A. Oriowo. “Antihypertensive and Vasodilator Effects of Methanolic and Aqueous Extracts of Tribulus Terrestris in Rats”; Journal of Ethnopharmacology; April 6, 2006.

Pokrywka, Andrzej; Zbigniew Obmiński; et al. “Insights into Supplements with Tribulus Terrestris used by Athletes”; Journal of Human Kinetics; June 28, 2014.

Qureshi, Ahmed; Declan Naughton; and Andrea Petróczi. “A Systematic Review on the Herbal Extract Tribulus Terrestris and the Roots of Its Putative Aphrodisiac and Performance Enhancing Effect”; Journal of Dietary Supplements; March 2014.

Reshma, P.L.; V.S. Lekshmi; et al. “Tribulus terrestris (Linn.) Attenuates Cellular Alterations Induced by Ischemia in H9c2 Cells Via Antioxidant Potential”; Phytotherapy Research; June 2015.

Roaiah, Mohamed Farid; Yasser Ibrahim El Khayat; et al. “Pilot Study on the Effect of Botanical Medicine (Tribulus Terrestris) on Serum Testosterone Level and Erectile Function in Aging Males With Partial Androgen Deficiency (PADAM)”; Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy; April 7, 2015.

Rogerson, Shane; Christopher J. Riches; et al. “The Effect of Five Weeks of Tribulus Terrestris Supplementation on Muscle Strength and Body Composition During Preseason Training in Elite Rugby League Players”; Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research; May 2007.
<http://www.researchgate.net/publication/6304731_The_effect_of_five_weeks_of_Tribulus_terrestris_supplementation_on_muscle_strength_and_body_composition_during_preseason_training_in_elite_rugby_league_players>

Sharifi, Ali M.; Radbod Darabi; and Nasrin Akbarloo. “Study of Antihypertensive Mechanism of Tribulus Terrestris in 2K1C Hypertensive Rats: Role of Tissue ACE Activity”; Life Sciences; October 24, 2003.

Sisto, Margherita; Sabrina Lisi; et al. “Saponins From Tribulus Terrestris L. Protect Human Keratinocytes From UVB-Induced Damage”; Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology; December 5, 2012.

Wei, S.; H. Fukuharu; et al. “Terrestrosin D, a Steroidal Saponin From Tribulus Terrestris L., Inhibits Growth and Angiogenesis of Human Prostate Cancer in Vitro and in Vivo”; Pathobiology; May 2014.





2015 NPC Clash at the Capstone Results & Winners

2015 NPC Clash at the Capstone

June 27            
Santa Clara Convention Center,
5001 Great America Pkwy, Santa Clara, CA 95110 United States
Organizer: Steve O'Brien & George Jackson
Phone: 408-384-9039
Website: www.musclesportproductions.com
Event: NPC

Congratulations to all participants of the 2015 NPC San Jose Championships held in Santa Clara, California. The championships were hosted by Muscle Sport Productions and included events such as bodybuilding, physique, bikini, and figure. This national qualifier show hosted many great looking competitors from many places. HGH.com, leading manufacturer of natural HGH and bodybuilding supplements, is proud to present the winners from each event. 

- See more at: http://www.hgh.com/blogger/#sthash.q29ouvqo.dpuf

Congratulations to all participants of the 2015 NPC Clash at the Capstone. The Clash at the Capstone bodybuilding, figure, bikini, and physique competitions were held the weekend of July 11, 2015 ​at he the historic Bama Theatre, 600 Greensboro Avenue Tuscaloosa, AL 35401. HGH.com, leading manufacturer of natural HGH and bodybuilding supplements, is proud to present the winners from each event.

Overall Winner
Kevin Rainey

Super Heavyweight
1. John VanBruggen
2. Cheslyn Story Wilson
3. Torrie Kervin
4. Lyndon Johnson

Heavyweight
1. Kevin Rainey
2. Edward Bester

Kevin Rainey   Heavyweight Bodybuilding (1st) Overall (1st) - 2015 NPC Clash at the Capstone

          Brandon Mims Lightweight Bodybuilding (1st) - 2015 NPC Clash at the Capstone

Kevin Rainey
  Heavyweight Bodybuilding (1st) Overall (1st)
Brandon Mims
Lightweight Bodybuilding (1st)

Light Heavyweight
1. Brandon Mims
2. Kyle Hawkins
3. Ridge Wilcutt
4. Geoff Bell
5. Carl Hill
6. MIchael Graves

Middleweight
1. David Flippo

Welterweight
1. Dustin Moore
2. Tyler Harris

Lightweight
1. Colton Godwin

True Novice Heavyweight
1. Ridge Wilcutt

True Novice Lightweight
1. Nick Kilgore

True Novice Middleweight
1. Josh Burk

Masters Over 40
1. Carl Hill
2. Torrie Kervin
3. Lyndon Johnson

Masters Over 60
1. Edward Bester

   
FIGURE

Overall Winner
Robin Edwards

Class A
1. Candace Medlock

Robin Edwards Figure Class B (1st) & Overall (1st) - 2015 NPC Clash at the Capstone

            Alana Fox Figure Class C Winner (1st) - 2015 NPC Clash at the Capstone

Robin Edwards
Figure Class B (1st) & Overall (1st)
Alana Fox
Figure Class C Winner (1st)

Class B
1. Robin Edwards
2. Scout McIntyre

Class C
1. Alana Fox
2. Amanda Arnold
3. Elizabeth Smith
4. Brandy Fokken

Class D
1. Jordan Jansen
2. Jilly Hawkins
3. Wendy Kinard
4. Melissa Prince

Collegiate
1. Candace Medlock

Novice
1. Jilly Hawkins
2. Stephanie Horton

Uniform
1. Elizabeth Smith

Masters Over 35
1. Amanda Arnold
2. Brandy Fokken

Masters Over 40
1. Wendy Kinard
2. Melissa Prince

   
BIKINI

Overall Winner

Natesha Speight

Class A
1. Stephanie Morring
2. Kimberly Predmore
3. Lana Jones
4. Amanda Blevins
5. Denise Milton-Runnels
6. Kendal Barnes

Class B
1. Natesha Speight
2. Jessica Duncan
3. Tara Spencer
4. Deanna Goff
5. Dana Wilkerson

Natesha Speight Bikini Class B (1st) Overall (1st) - 2015 NPC Clash at the Capstone

           Stephanie Morring Bikini Class A Winner (2nd) - 2015 NPC Clash at the Capstone

Natesha Speight
Bikini Class B (1st) Overall (1st)
Stephanie Morring
Bikini Class A Winner (2nd)

Class C
1. Erin Logston
2. Megan Phillips
3. Tiffany Bullock
4. Crystal Nicholson

Class D
1. Brittany Mack
2. Breggin Eddy
3. Wilder Roberts
4. Carolyn Sparks
5. Hermaine Williamson

Collegiate
1. Hannah Patterson
2. Kendal Barnes

Novice
1. Hannah Patterson
2. Breggin Eddy
3. Amanda Blevins
4. Rachel Calfee

Uniform
1. Denise Milton-Runnels

Masters Over 35
1. Erin Logston
2. Jessica Duncan

Masters Over 40
1. Wilder Roberts
2. Kimberly Predmore
3. Denise Milton-Runnels
4. Christina Marie Hunter
5. Dana Wilkerson

MEN'S PHYSIQUE

Overall Winner
Andre Smith


Class A
1. Andre Smith
2. Steven Watson
3. Paul O'Donnell

Physique Class A (1st) Overall Winner (1st) - 2015 NPC Clash at the Capstone

           Chris Mayo Physique Class B Winner (1st) - 2015 NPC Clash at the Capstone

Andre Smith
Physique Class A (1st) Overall Winner (1st)
Chris Mayo
Physique Class B Winner (1st)

Class B
1. Chris Mayo
2. Robert Gerrity
3. Dylan Murray
4. Colby Dansby
5. Devrick Mostello
6. Tommy Nguyen
7. Justin Chism
8. Adam Wells
9. Kevin Bullock
10. Brandon Murray
11. Kenneth Thomas

Collegiate
1. Colby Dansby

Novice
1. Steven Watson
2. Dylan Murray
3. Carson Jowers
4. Brandon Murray
5. Chris Moreno
6. Kenneth Thomas

Uniform
1. Adam Wells

Masters Over 35
1. Steven Watson

Masters Over 40
1. Chris Moreno

Official Final Results Scorecard - <http://npcnewsonline.com/2015-ifbb-battle-on-the-beach-official-scores/183307/>. To see all results and photos visit - <http://contests.npcnewsonline.com/contests/2015/npc_battle_on_the_gulf_coast/>

Be sure to visit the HGH.com blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.

- See more at: http://www.hgh.com/blogger/#sthash.q29ouvqo.dpuf

To see all results and photos visit - <http://contests.npcnewsonline.com/contests/2015/npc_clash_at_the_capstone/>

Be sure to visit the HGH.com blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.




The top 5 best natural growth hormone supplements

 
With all of the options for HGH supplements on the market today, we thought we would summarize the top 5 supplements that we think are the best natural growth hormone supplements available now. It's important to note that there are many different types of supplements available and all are meant to give you different benefits - not all are the same. It's especially important to note that since we are all genetically created differently, some pills work better for some people while other supplements are preferable to other people. Therefore, we at HGH.com try to develop supplements for all types of people and for as many functions as possible.

Our Top 5 Natural Growth Hormone Supplements (IN NO PARTICULAR ORDER)
 

  1. Somatropinne HGH Somatropinne HGH is an HGH supplement that has dominated the industry for years. The proprietary ingredients are known to increase HGH levels in those who take it without side effects. Increasing your HGH levels will help rejuvenate your body and your muscle. -"This is by far the strongest HGH supplement I've taken. I'm very happy with this pill."
  2. "ANA-GH" - "ANA-GH" is a newer supplement that we created in late 2011. This revolutionary bodybuilding pills is designed to give you incredible mass gains with little to no side effects such as bloating, acne, upset stomach, headaches, etc... This supplement is so involved and enhanced with many different ingredients that we had to up the serving size to 8 pills per day.-"I love the ana-gh and look forward to buying it again, it has to be one of the supplements I've ever purchased."
  3. HGF MAX - "HGF MAX" is also a newer supplement that we created in early 2012. HGF Max is truly a revolutionary pill designed to increase your HGH levels to the Max! It's a completely different set of ingredients than our top seller Somatropinne. HGF Max contains so many different ingredients that have a synergistic effect working together that you will no doubt feel and look your best in years. For people looking to increase their Growth Hormone levels, HGF Max is a must!
  4. HGH 30,000 Spray - HGH Spray is a proven spray that will increase your HGH Levels and supplement your growth hormone. It is the #1 HGH Spray on the market and has a tremendous success rate, which is why we see so many reorders for the product by the same people. We modified the formula and improved it in 2010 by adding Deer Antler Velvet, which is scientifically proven to be similar to insulin like growth factors (IGF-1). Deer Antler Velvet simply increases the power of our HGH Spray.
    -"This product is truly great - I've seen incredible gains from it and I fully recommend it. I know that there are pro football players using this exact same spray!"
  5. HGH Testosterone 1500 - HGH Testosterone technically isn't a Growth Hormone Supplement as much as it is a Testosterone supplement. However, we have seen such amazing results with it increasing testosterone levels that we added it to our top 5. By increasing your testosterone levels, you can certainly improve your hormone levels. Our latest batch of HGH Testosterone 1500 includes "Long Jack" which is an incredible growth element. Added bonus for men - this pill will increase your libido!
For the top sellers, please go to http://www.hgh.com/hgh-best-sellers.aspx

 




2015 NPC Battle on the Gulf Coast Championships Results and Winners

Battle on the Gulf Coast Championships
June 27            
IP Casino,
850 Bayview Ave, Biloxi, MS 39530 United States
Organizer: Ironworks Gym
Phone: 228-456-9496
Website: www.battleonthegulfcoast.com
Event: NPC

On June 27, 2015 at the IP Casino in Biloxi, MS the annual NPC Battle of the Gulf Coast Championships were hosted by Ironworks Gym. Many great contestants came out to join the biggest NPC event of the year. The events featured were bodybuilding, physique, bikini, and figure. HGH and bodybuilding supplement HGH.com is proud to present the winners from each event. Congratulations to all!

Following are the top overall winners for each of the events:

Heavyweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Johnathon Johnson
2. Jameson Max Jones
3. Austin Connely
4. Tommie Landrum
5. Joey Williams
 

johnathon johnson heavyweight overall 2015 battle on the gulf

          jameson max jones heavyweight second 2015 battle on the gulf

Johnathon Johnson
Heavyweight Bodybuilding Overall (1st)
Jameson Max Jones
Heavyweight Bodybuilding Overall (2nd)

 

Light Heavyweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Jason Hebert
2. Tim Norsworthy
3. Rob Winter

Middleweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Kendall Guice
2. Cesar Diaz
3. Brady Cobb
4. Mark Vinluan

Junior Heavyweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Gavin Havard
2. Walter Harris

Junior Lightweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Kendrick McCarty
2. Phillip Defrances
3. Pedro Arce
4. Takeo Wadriski

Junior Middleweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Denny Dismuke
2. Conner Masters
3. Jesse Johnson
4. Joe Fuselli

Lightweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Paul Redmer
2. Steven Burkett

True Novice Heavyweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Charles Davison
2. Gavin Havard
3. Michael Yarbrough

True Novice Lightweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Pedro Arce
2. Conner Masters

Uniform Heavyweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Tim Norsworthy
2. Daryl Lavigne

Uniform Lightweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Takeo Wadriski

Masters Over 40 Heavyweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Tommie Landrum
2. Daryl Lavigne

Masters Over 50 Heavyweight Bodybuilding Overall
1. Lincoln Campbell
2. Cesar Diaz
3. Charles Davison
4. Paul Redmer

Masters Figure Class A Overall
1. Natalia Trotter
2. Amy Anding
3. Sarah Johnson
4. Kaitlyn Jackson
5. Kimberly Lenoir

natalia trotter figure class a overall 2015 battle on the gulf

            amy anding figure class a second 2015 battle on the gulf

Natalia Trotter
Figure Class A Overall (1st)
Amy Anding
Figure Class A Overall (2nd)

 

Figure Class B Overall
1. Jennifer Skinner
2. Jessica Young
3. Erica Ward
4. Terri Jennings

Figure Class C Overall
1. Qiana McClenty

Figure True Novice Overalll
1. Andrea Montana
2. Erica Ward
3. Kaitlyn Jackson
4. Tanya Santos
5. Kimberly Lenoir

Figure Masters Over 35 Overall
1. Andrea Montana
2. Jennifer Skinner
3. Terri Jennings

Bikini Class A Overall
1. Bethany Deese
2. Rachel Henderson
3. Lila Cedotal
4. Autumn Holliman
5. Erica Timmons

bethany deese bikini class a overall 2015 battle on the gulf

           rachel henderson bikini class a second 2015 battle on the gulf

Bethany Deese
Bikini Class A Overall (1st)
Rachel Henderson
Bikini Class A Overall (2nd)

 
Bikini Class B Overall
1. Amber Fremin
2. Tara Adas
3. Miracle Hebert
4. Kristi Claunch
5. Christa Kleem

Bikini Class C Overall
1. Amanda Howell
2. Amber Peed
3. Nicole Zulli
4. Danielle King
5. Colleen Hadley

Bikini Class C Overall
1. Laura Beth Wright
2. Katie Nelson
3. Angela Crane

Bikini True Novice Overall
1. Amber Peed
2. Amber Fremin
3. Autumn Holliman
4. Ashley Francis
5. Diana Smith

Bikini Masters Over 35 Overall
1. Amanda Howell
2. Tara Adas
3. Colleen Hadley
4. Kristi Claunch
5. Desirie Crowe

Mens Physique Class A Overall
1. Michael Humphrey
2. John Dang
3. Blaine Stiger
4. Stephen Stiglets
5. Jessie Gros

michael humphrey physique class a overall 2015 battle on the gulf

           john dang physique class a second 2015 battle on the gulf

Michael Humphrey
Physique Class A Overall (1st)
John Dang
Physique Class A Overall (3rd)


Mens Physique Class B Overall
1. Travis Berkesch
2. Randy Hout
3. Jermaine Hines
4. Brett Griffin
5. Larry Jones

Mens Physique Class C Overall
1. Christopher Prevost
2. Ryan Kavanaugh
3. Patrick Bobinger
4. Ira Herrington
5. Angelo Norman

Mens Physique True Novice Overall
1. Stephen Stiglets
2. Brett Griffin
3. Christopher Bradford
4. Patrick Bobinger
5. Gage Patrick

Mens Physique Masters Over 35 Overall
1. John Dang
2. Christopher Bradford
3. Angelo Norman

Womens Physique Class A Overall
1. Betty Jo Bryan

Womens Physique Class B Overall
1. Jen Milburn

Womens Physique Masters Over 35 Overall
1. Jen Milburn

Congratulations to all of the competitors who participated in the 2015 NPC Battle on the Gulf Coast Championships. Official Final Results Scorecard - <http://npcnewsonline.com/2015-ifbb-battle-on-the-beach-official-scores/183307/>. To see all results and photos visit - <http://contests.npcnewsonline.com/contests/2015/npc_battle_on_the_gulf_coast/>

Be sure to visit the HGH.com blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.

 




Somatotropin/Somatropin Benefits, Uses, Side Effects and Functions

Discover the Function, Sources and Benefits of Somatotropin Supplements and Somatropin Injections

Somatotropin—also known as human growth hormone (HGH) or simply as growth hormone (GH)—is a polypeptide produced by somatotrope cells in the pituitary gland. It supports skeletal growth in children and adolescents, and plays a role in metabolism, body composition, muscle growth and tissue repair in adults. In addition to the somatotropin naturally produced by the body, a synthetic form of HGH called somatropin is available with a doctor’s prescription. Certain health and bodybuilding supplements may also help increase somatotropin production through natural ingredients known as HGH releasers. Many of these ingredients can be found in the proprietary-blend formulas of Somatropinne HGH, Growth Factor Plus, HGH 30,000 Nanograms, A-MAX 50, and HGF MAX, among others.

Functions of Somatotropin

Children and adolescents require somatotropin for proper growth and development; those with an HGH deficiency may require somatropin injections to achieve normal height. In adults, somatotropin helps maintain healthy tissues and organs. It can also increase bone density, muscle mass, and protein synthesis as well as decrease body fat and improve exercise capacity. Because HGH production naturally declines with age, some adults take somatotropin-boosting supplements to enhance their athletic performance and combat the physical signs of aging.

Sources of Somatotropin/Somatropin

For most individuals, the primary source of somatotropin is the body’s endogenous production by the somatotropic cells of the pituitary gland. The body produces its highest levels of somatotropin during childhood and adolescence; these levels significantly decline when the individual reaches full adult height. Scientists have also developed a synthetic form of somatotropin known as somatropin or somatrem, using E. coli or mammalian cells to create therapeutic proteins in a laboratory setting. Somatropin is chemically identical to the somatotropin that is produced by the pituitary gland and administered by subcutaneous injection. It is a regulated substance, which means it can only be legally prescribed for FDA-approved uses.

Since somatropin injections are not legally available to healthy adults, those seeking the benefits of somatotropin may opt to take natural supplements that are designed to boost the body’s own HGH production. Certain amino acids are recognized as natural HGH releasers—including GABA, arginine, ornithine, glutamine, lysine, tyrosine and glycine—so dietary supplements containing these ingredients may help increase somatotropin levels.

Somatropin Benefits and Uses

The pituitary gland’s secretion of somatotropin supports bodily growth and development throughout childhood and adolescence, so the most common reason for prescribing somatropin is to treat children and teens with HGH deficiency or specific medical conditions. FDA-approved pediatric uses of somatropin include idiopathic growth hormone deficiency, Noonan syndrome, Turner syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, chronic renal insufficiency, short stature homeobox-containing gene (SHOX) deficiency, and idiopathic short stature.

Although HGH levels naturally decline with age, somatotropin continues to play a role throughout adulthood—helping to regulate metabolism and protein synthesis and promoting organ, tissue and bone health. Somatropin may be legally prescribed to adults who have severe HGH deficiency, which normally occurs due to a pituitary adenoma (tumor) or adenoma-related surgery or radiation treatments. It is also sometimes prescribed to prevent or minimize wasting in AIDS patients.

Somatropin injections can improve bone density, muscle mass and exercise capacity in adults with HGH deficiency, and they can produce similar outcomes in healthy adults. As a result, some bodybuilders and athletes take somatropin to enhance their athletic performance and physique. However, it should be noted that somatropin cannot legally be prescribed for such purposes. Furthermore, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), International Olympic Committee and numerous sports organizations have banned the use of HGH injections among athletes.

Given the potential repercussions associated with illegal somatropin injections, many bodybuilders, athletes and aging adults have starting taking natural HGH supplements to help the body increase its own somatotropin production. Proponents of somatotropin-boosting supplements report that these natural HGH releasers have helped them develop lean muscle, improve their strength and endurance, and recover from intense workouts and injuries more quickly. They also credit HGH supplements with enhancing their body composition and slowing the visible signs of aging.

Somatropin Side Effects

Individuals considering HGH injections should be aware of somatropin side effects and interactions. Some users have experienced an allergic reaction, with symptoms such as itching or rashes, chest pain, difficulty breathing, or swelling of the face, tongue, or throat. Other possible side effects include headaches, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, fluid retention, swelling of the hands or feet, muscle stiffness or pain, and burning, tingling or numbness in the skin. Somatropin may increase the risk of developing diabetes, cancer or pancreatitis, and it can cause dislocation of the hipbone that results in limping or knee/hip pain. Interactions have been recorded when somatropin is used with estrogen hormone replacement or glucocorticoids (such as prednisone or hydrocortisone), and somatropin can cause adverse effects in patients with diabetes, scoliosis, kidney disease and certain other medical conditions.

Somatotropin-boosting HGH supplements tend to have fewer and less severe side effects than somatropin injections; however, the side effects and interactions will vary depending on the supplement’s ingredients.

More detailed safety information on somatropin side effects, interactions and precautions can be found on the Mayo Clinic website. For natural somatotropin-boosting supplements, refer to the relevant ingredient articles on HGH.com to learn about potential side effects and interactions. As with any medication or health supplement, it is best to consult your physician before using somatropin injections or natural HGH supplements.

Somatotropin/Somatropin Research and Studies

Researchers have conducted numerous studies on both the natural and synthetic forms of somatotropin. Visit the PubMed site sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to explore the latest somatotropin research and somatropin studies. For research on specific ingredients that have been shown to boost somatotropin levels, refer to the corresponding ingredient articles on the HGH.com blog.

You will discover there is a wealth of information on at HGH.com. We recently posted this related blog post on HGH/somatotropin: Human Growth Hormone (HGH) Benefits, Uses, Side Effects and Functions.

HGH.com Supplements With Natural Somatotropin/HGH Releasers

Many of the health and bodybuilding supplements available from HGH.com are formulated to naturally increase somatotropin/HGH levels. These products include:

Somatropinne HGH – Purity Select’s natural Somatropinne HGH capsules contain a proprietary blend of L-arginine, cowhage, maca and horny goat weed. As an over-the-counter somatotropin releaser, this supplement is formulated to help athletes gain lean muscle and increased energy while also providing weight-loss and anti-aging benefits.

HGH 30,000 Nanograms Pills and HGH 30,000 Nanograms Spray –Purity Select’s 30,000 Nanogram HGH pills and spray are designed to promote somatotropin production, muscle growth, increased energy and other health benefits. They contain a powerful combination of amino acids—including L-glutamine, L-arginine, L-ornithine, L-lysine, L-glycine, L-valine and L-tyrosine —as well as other natural ingredients such as colostrum, GABA, cowhage (mucuna pruriens), long jack and deer antler velvet.

Growth Factor Plus – As its name suggests, Growth Factor Plus is intended to support height growth as well as bone and joint health. Its proprietary blend of ingredients features amino acids such as L-arginine, L-ornithine, L-lysine, L-glycine, L-glutamine, and L-tyrosine.

HGF MAX – Purity Select HGF MAX is intended to boost somatotropin production, improve muscle tone, build muscle, promote fat loss, boost energy and increase metabolism. Its proprietary blend of ingredients includes arginine, GABA, glutamine, lysine, glycine, tyrosine, ornithine and deer antler velvet.

Ana-GH – These capsules contain a blend of L-group amino acids such as L-leucine and L-valine as well as plant-based ingredients such as horny goat weed and maca. Ana-GH is intended to jumpstart bulking cycles by promoting muscle mass and weight gains, improving protein synthesis, and contributing to joint and muscle repair.

Anapolan-MAX 50 (A-MAX 50) – Anapolan-MAX is formulated to support lean muscle gain while boosting somatotropin production and testosterone levels. Its proprietary blend of ingredients includes L-tyrosine, Tribulus terrestris, cowhage (mucuna pruriens), shilajit and dehydroepiandrosterone.

ClenXDV – Featuring a proprietary blend of DHEA, deer antler velvet, wild yam, Tribulus terrestris and other natural ingredients, ClenXDV is intended to help athletes and bodybuilders build muscle, lose weight and burn fat.

DBol-GH – This anabolic lean muscle gainer is designed to promote lean mass and muscle growth, support muscle recovery and naturally boost HGH levels with a proprietary blend of ingredients that include bovine colostrum, beta-ecdysterone, L-valine and L-leucine.

Dekka – With a blend of Korean ginseng root, yucca bark, wild yam root, and dehydroepiandrosterone, Dekka capsules are formulated to help bodybuilders achieve lean mass, weight gain, muscle building and bulking.

Testosterone Plus – HGH Testosterone Plus features a proprietary blend of long jack, maca, Tribulus terrestris, ginkgo biloba and other natural ingredients that are intended to help build muscle, aid in muscle recovery and boost energy while offering sexual health benefits such as improved libido and stamina.

RoidX Juice – The ingredients in RoidX Juice are designed to help bodybuilders quickly develop muscle and gain weight in addition to supporting muscle recovery. RoidX Juice capsules contain a proprietary blend of Vitamin E, Tribulus terrestris, shilajit and dehydroepiandrosterone.

Winstrol Max – Optimized for cutting cycles, Winstrol Max is formulated to promote lean mass gain and help athletes achieve ripped abs. Its powerful blend of ingredients includes L-group amino acids such as leucine, arginine and valine as well as oat straw (Avena sativa) extract and saw palmetto.

References:

Drug Enforcement Administration. “Human Growth Hormone”; DEA fact sheet; August 2013. <http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/drug_chem_info/hgh.pdf>

U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). “Somatropin Information”; published under “Drug Safety and Availability”; August 4, 2011. <http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/PostmarketDrugSafetyInformationforPatientsandProviders/ucm237839.htm>

Kamionka, Mariusz. “Engineering of Therapeutic Proteins Production in Escherichia Coli”; Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology; February 2011. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3179032>

Mayo Clinic. “Somatropin, E-Coli Derived (Subcutaneous Route, Injection Route)”; Mayo Clinic website; last updated April 1, 2015. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements/somatropin-e-coli-derived-subcutaneous-route-injection-route/description/drg-20071575>

Mayo Clinic. “Somatropin, Mammalian Derived (Injection Route, Subcutaneous Route)”; Mayo Clinic website; last updated April 1, 2015. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements/somatropin-mammalian-derived-injection-route-subcutaneous-route/description/drg-20071668>

WebMD. “Somatropin Injection”; accessed June 9, 2015. <http://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-6259/somatropin-injection/details>





Core Workout Videos and Tips

Get Fit With Core Workout Training Videos and Tips

Is core training a part of your regular routine? We don’t mean the occasional sit-up or push-up. We mean giving your core muscles a more diversified workout. Strengthening the muscles around your trunk and pelvis, including your abs, obliques, glutes and traps. Your core truly consists of everything except your arms and legs. By working out your core muscles, you can strengthen and flatten your abs, stabilize your lower back, enhance your flexibility, improve your balance and coordination, and even improve your breathing.

The cool thing about core exercises is that you don’t have to go to the gym or have special equipment to get a good workout, but you can if you want to go that route. It’s really just about doing any exercise that involves coordinating your back and abdominal muscles. Whether you’d like to focus on bodyweight exercises or break out the free weights, you can get an incredible core-strengthening workout. We've gathered together some YouTube videos and created a Pinterest board specifically for core workouts to get you on your way to a well-rounded fitness routine.

Andy McDermott Fitness Presents 79 Core Exercises

Whether you are looking for exercises to strengthen your core, want to broaden your fitness training or simply want to switch up your core workout, Andy McDermott Fitness has some core exercises for you. Seventy-nine core exercises to be exact. In less than eight minutes, you can check out these core movements.

1. Basic Crunch
2. Sit-up
3. Feet up Crunch
4. Bicycle Pausers
5. Fast Bicycles
6. Sky Reachers
7. Reverse Crunch
8. Extended Reverse Crunch
9. Hip Raisers
10. Leg and Hip Raisers
11. Straddle Rowers
12. Iso Floor Pushers
13. Feet Stacked Crunch
14. Cross Crunch
15. Elbow Cross Crunch
16. Crossed Reverse Crunch
17. Butterfly Crunch
18. Single V-up
19. V-up
20. Rowers
21. Single Rowers
22. Supermans
23. Oppo-Raisers
24. Bird Dogs
25. Throw Downs
26. 2 up (high five mandatory)
27. Hip to Hip
28. Havyk Roll-Out
29. Havyk Reverse
30. Havyk Oblique
31. Havyk Climbers
32. Havyk Outsiders
33. Havyk Insiders
34. TRX Leaning Plank
35. TRX Standing Crunch
36. TRX Reverse
37. TRX Climber
38. TRX Double Pike
39. TRX Single Plank
40. TRX Single Reverse
41. TRX Outsiders
42. TRX Insiders
43. TRX Single Pike
44. TRX Roll-outs
45. TRX Single Plank Crunches
46. TRX Havyk Suicides
47. TRX Havyk Ab Rippers
48. TRX Havyk Reverse
49. TRX Havyk Outsiders
50. Stabilizer
51. Single Stabilizer
52. Stable Squat
53. Stable Lean
54. Stable Extenders
55. Rotators
56. Push-up Plank
57. Single Plank
58. Insiders
59. Hand Walk-outs
60. Outsiders
61. Scorpions
62. Kick-Through
63. Climbers
64. Double Climbers
65. Ballistic Knees
66. Ballistic Out
67. Ballistic In
68. High Knee Jumps
69. Hanging Leg Raises
70. Hanging Singles
71. Hanging Oblique
72. Toe Touches
73. Plank Fight
74. Plank Pullers
75. Weighted Plank
76. Weighted Snake
77. Weighted Bear Crawl
78. Superman Plank
79. Toe-Touch Push-ups

Killer 20-Minute Core Workout

Winner of the Best Male Workout by Pilates Style magazine and known for being a Master Core Specialist, Sean Vigue has put together a killer core workout. This video involves 20 solid minutes of intense bodyweight core exercises to get you toned and ripped.

  • Crunches
  • Patty Cake Crunches
  • Tailbone Crunch
  • Camel Pulse
  • Forearm Plank
  • Hip Dips
  • Screen Door Plank
  • Hindu Push-ups
  • Corpse Crunch
  • Spine Curl Crunch
  • Ab Circles
  • Heel Beats
  • Ceiling Walk
  • Double Leg Stretch
  • Reverse Crunch
  • Plow Leg Lift
  • Half Boat
  • Half Boat Bicycles
  • Boat Criss Cross
  • Plank Walkouts
  • Spiderman Push ups
  • Pike Press
  • Baby Cobra Opposites
  • Leg Pull Backs
  • Leg Lift Plank
  • Criss Cross
  • Straddle Crunch
  • Roll up to Boat

Fabulous Fat-Burning Core Workout

Ross Dickerson from Be Fit Motivation takes five minutes to demonstrate a full-body, fat-burning core workout. First, Ross shows us exercises that focus on glutes and hamstrings, including squats, squat jumps, lunges and lunge jumps. Then, he takes you through upper body and core exercises, including press ups, squat thrusts, plank into press ups and mountain climbers.

Pinterest Board for Core Workouts

Explore the photos and videos posted at our HGH.com Pinterest board dedicated to core workouts and exercises.

Follow HGH.com's Bodybuilding Core Workouts board on Pinterest.

 




GABA Benefits, Uses, Side Effects and Functions

Discover the Function, Sources and Benefits of the Health Supplement Ingredient Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid, or GABA

Gamma-aminobutyric acid, more commonly known as GABA, is a non-protein amino acid that functions as a neurotransmitter. GABA and its precursor, glutamate, are the most abundant neurotransmitters in the central nervous system, particularly in the cerebral cortex. Glutamate is an excitatory neurotransmitter while GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter, so their actions are complementary. In addition to being produced within the body, GABA is also available as an ingredient in select health and bodybuilding supplements such as HGF MAX and HGH 30,000 Nanograms spray.

Functions of GABA

As an inhibitory neurotransmitter, GABA balances the excitatory effect of glutamate in the developed brain and helps to control cortical stimulation. Due to this action, GABA can have a calming or tranquilizing effect, including anxiolytic and anti-convulsive properties. Evidence suggests it may also stimulate human growth hormone (HGH) production, thereby serving as a natural HGH releaser.

Sources of GABA

GABA is produced by the body, where it is synthesized from glutamate through decarboxylation. While GABA is not naturally found in fresh foods, it can be created through lactobacillus fermentation; therefore, GABA may be consumed in fermented foods such as kimchi, sauerkraut, tempeh, miso, kefir and yogurt, as well as in GABA-fortified foods. In addition, foods that contain GABA’s precursors—glutamic acid or L-glutamine—can help boost GABA levels. Dietary sources of glutamate/glutamine include whole grains, brown rice, beef liver, pork, halibut, mackerel, lentils, broccoli, bananas and tree nuts. Vitamins B-6 and B-12 are required for GABA synthesis, so taking these vitamins may help support GABA production. Finally, GABA may also be consumed orally as an ingredient in natural dietary supplements.

GABA Benefits and Uses

Evidence has shown that GABA may help treat hypertension, so it is sometimes used in medications that are designed to lower blood pressure. The method of action appears to be due to GABA’s ability to suppress the sympathetic nervous activity that leads to high blood pressure. GABA’s anticonvulsant properties suggest that it may be effective in reducing the frequency of seizures in some individuals, while its calming effects may help reduce stress, relieve anxiety, elevate mood, and improve focus and concentration.

A number of studies have indicated that GABA may act as a natural HGH releaser, or HGH secretagogue. In light of its potential to stimulate HGH production, GABA-containing supplements are often taken to support lean muscle growth, decrease body fat and enhance exercise tolerance. Furthermore, GABA is believed to have an analgesic effect, so it may help to alleviate feelings of pain or soreness after an intense workout.

Side Effects of GABA and Potential Interactions

GABA supplementation is generally considered safe for healthy adults; no side effects have been reported at commonly administered dosages. However, since GABA has been shown to reduce blood pressure, supplements containing GABA may increase the risk of hypotension (abnormally low blood pressure) when taken in conjunction with antihypertensive drugs.

More detailed safety information on GABA side effects and interactions can be found in the Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database (subscription required). As with any medication or health supplement, it is best to consult your physician before taking dietary supplements containing GABA.

GABA Research and Studies

Many researchers have explored the use of GABA to treat medical conditions such as hypertension and anxiety. Numerous animal and human studies—including some published in the British Journal of Nutrition, Journal of Physiological Anthropology, Clinical and Experimental Hypertension, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, and Transgenic Research—have revealed GABA’s ability to lower blood pressure in cases of hypertension. Other studies have demonstrated its relaxing, immunity-enhancing and anti-anxiety effects. According to an article in BioFactors, GABA not only induces relaxation but also reduces anxiety; and evidence suggests it may enhance immunity under stress conditions. An animal study published Neuroscience found that GABA decreases anxiety-like behavior in rats. Furthermore, researchers documented GABA’s neuroprotective effects in the Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, which reported that GABA-producing Lactobacillus buchneri protected neuronal cells against neurotoxicant-induced cell death. Some researchers have explored the potential of GABA to be used in an analgesic capacity for pain relief—as described in Advances in Pharmacology, Neurochemical Research and the European Journal of Pharmacology—though further evidence is needed to accurately evaluate its effectiveness for this use.

Multiple studies have indicated that GABA is capable of promoting human growth hormone (HGH) secretion; relevant findings have been published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Acta Endocrinologica, Medicine and Sport Science, and other journals and textbooks. One study featured in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise examined the effect of GABA ingestion on immunoreactive growth hormone (irGH) and immunofunctional growth hormone (ifGH) release at rest and after exercise, and found that GABA elevates both resting and post-exercise HGH concentrations. Bodybuilders and athletes often take GABA supplements to help increase muscle growth, enhance muscle tone, burn fat and improve exercise tolerance. However, while GABA has been shown to stimulate HGH secretion, further clinical studies are needed to prove a direct correlation between GABA and other purported health and fitness benefits.

For additional GABA research, refer to the PubMed site sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

HGH.com Supplements With GABA

Athletes, bodybuilders and fitness enthusiasts can leverage the potential benefits of GABA through natural health and bodybuilding supplements from HGH.com:

HGF MAX – Purity Select HGF MAX is intended to boost HGH production with a proprietary blend of ingredients, including GABA and key amino acids. This powerful dietary supplement can help improve muscle tone, build muscle, promote fat loss, boost energy and increase metabolism.

HGH Spray – HGH 30,000 Nanograms is designed to stimulate HGH release through a combination of GABA, L-group amino acids and other natural ingredients. Available in a convenient spray form, this product is formulated to support muscle growth, mass gain, fat burning and other benefits.

References (Function, Sources, Benefits/Uses and Side Effects/Interactions):

Clark, Josh. “Can Food Make People Happy?”; How Stuff Works; accessed May 13, 2015. <http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/food-happiness1.htm>

Examine.com. “GABA”; published under “Supplements”; accessed May 13, 2015. <http://examine.com/supplements/GABA>

Haas, Ryan. “The Effectiveness of GABA as a Weightlifting Supplement”; published in the “Sports and Fitness” section on Livestrong.com; October 24, 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/442474-the-effectiveness-of-gaba-weight-lifting-supplement>

Hunt Renee. “A List of Foods With the Highest GABA”; published in the “Food and Health” section on Livestrong.com; April 19, 2015. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/478780-a-list-of-foods-with-the-highest-gaba>

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. “GABA (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid)”; Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database; updated April 9, 2014. <http://naturaldatabase.therapeuticresearch.com/nd/Search.aspx?cs=&s=ND&pt=100&id=464&fs=ND&searchid=51623304>

Petroff, Ognen A.C. “GABA and Glutamate in the Human Brain”; Neuroscientist; December 2002. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12467378>

Stellpflug, Craig. “For a Healthy Brain and Nervous System – Gotta Have GABA”; Natural News; August 13, 2012. <http://www.naturalnews.com/036778_GABA_brain_health_nervous_system.html>

WebMD and Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. “GABA (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid)”; published under “Vitamins & Supplements”; accessed May 13, 2015. <http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-464-gaba%20%28gamma-aminobutyric%20acid%29.aspx?activeingredientid=464&activeingredientname=gaba%20%28gamma-aminobutyric%20acid%29>

Research Sources:

Abdou, Adham M.; S. Higashiguchi; et al. “Relaxation and Immunity Enhancement Effects of Aamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) Administration in Humans”; BioFactors; 2006. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16971751>

Cavagnini, Francesco; Giampiero Benetti; et al. “Effect of Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid on Growth Hormone and Prolactin Secretion in Man: Influence of Pimozide and Domperidone”; The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism; October 1980. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7419665>

Cavagnini, Francesco; Cecilia Invitti; et al. “Effect of Acute and Repeated Administration of Gamma Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) on Growth Hormone and Prolactin Secretion in Man”; Acta Endocrinologica; February 1980. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7376786>

Cho, Yu Ran; Ji Yoon Chang; and Hae Choon Chang. “Production of β-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) by Lactobacillus Buchneri Isolated from Kimchi and Its Neuroprotective Effect on Neuronal Cells”; Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology; January 2007. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18051360>

Enna, S.J. and Kenneth E. McCarson. “The Role of GABA in the Mediation and Perception of Pain”; Advances in Pharmacology; 2006. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17175808>

Hayakawaa, Kazuhito; Masayuki Kimura; et al. “Effect of a Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid-Enriched Dairy Product on the Blood Pressure of Spontaneously Hypertensive and Normotensive Wistar-Kyoto Rats”; British Journal of Nutrition; September 2004. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15469644>

Kowaka, Emi; Yasuka Shimajiri; et al. “Field Trial of GABA-Fortified Rice Plants and Oral Administration of Milled Rice in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats”; Transgenic Research; December 2014. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25542346>

McCarson, Kenneth E. and S.J. Enna. “GABA Pharmacology: The Search for Analgesics”; Neurochemical Research; October 2014. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24532294>

Munro, Gordon; Rikke R. Hansen; and Naheed R. Mirza. “GABA(A) Receptor Modulation: Potential to Deliver Novel Pain Medicines?”; European Journal of Pharmacology; September 15, 2013. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23500203>

Okita, Yoshimitsu; Harunobu Nakamura; et al. “Effects of Vegetable Containing Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid on the Cardiac Autonomic Nervous System in Healthy Young People”; Journal of Physiological Anthropology; 2009. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19483370>

Powers, M. “GABA Supplementation and Growth Hormone Response”; Medicine and Sport Science; 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23075553>

Powers, Michael E.; Joshua F. Yarrow; et al. “Growth Hormone Isoform Responses to GABA Ingestion at Rest and after Exercise”; Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise; January 2008. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18091016>

Shimada, Morio; Takashi Hasegawa; et al. “Anti-Hypertensive Effect of Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA)-Rich Chlorella on High-Normal Blood Pressure and Borderline Hypertension in Placebo-Controlled Double Blind Study”; Clinical and Experimental Hypertension; June 2009. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19811362>

Vaz, Gisele Cristiane; Ana Paula Oliveira Bahia; et al. “Cardiovascular and Behavioral Effects Produced by Administration of Liposome-Entrapped GABA Into the Rat Central Nervous System”; Neuroscience; January 29, 2015. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25446344>

Yoshimura, Mineka; Tohru Toyoshi; et al. “Antihypertensive Effect of a γ-Aminobutyric Acid Rich Tomato Cultivar ‘DG03-9’ in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats”; Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry; January 13, 2010. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20050705>







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