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GABA Benefits, Uses, Side Effects and Functions

Discover the Function, Sources and Benefits of the Health Supplement Ingredient Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid, or GABA

Gamma-aminobutyric acid, more commonly known as GABA, is a non-protein amino acid that functions as a neurotransmitter. GABA and its precursor, glutamate, are the most abundant neurotransmitters in the central nervous system, particularly in the cerebral cortex. Glutamate is an excitatory neurotransmitter while GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter, so their actions are complementary. In addition to being produced within the body, GABA is also available as an ingredient in select health and bodybuilding supplements such as HGF MAX and HGH 30,000 Nanograms spray.

Functions of GABA

As an inhibitory neurotransmitter, GABA balances the excitatory effect of glutamate in the developed brain and helps to control cortical stimulation. Due to this action, GABA can have a calming or tranquilizing effect, including anxiolytic and anti-convulsive properties. Evidence suggests it may also stimulate human growth hormone (HGH) production, thereby serving as a natural HGH releaser.

Sources of GABA

GABA is produced by the body, where it is synthesized from glutamate through decarboxylation. While GABA is not naturally found in fresh foods, it can be created through lactobacillus fermentation; therefore, GABA may be consumed in fermented foods such as kimchi, sauerkraut, tempeh, miso, kefir and yogurt, as well as in GABA-fortified foods. In addition, foods that contain GABA’s precursors—glutamic acid or L-glutamine—can help boost GABA levels. Dietary sources of glutamate/glutamine include whole grains, brown rice, beef liver, pork, halibut, mackerel, lentils, broccoli, bananas and tree nuts. Vitamins B-6 and B-12 are required for GABA synthesis, so taking these vitamins may help support GABA production. Finally, GABA may also be consumed orally as an ingredient in natural dietary supplements.

GABA Benefits and Uses

Evidence has shown that GABA may help treat hypertension, so it is sometimes used in medications that are designed to lower blood pressure. The method of action appears to be due to GABA’s ability to suppress the sympathetic nervous activity that leads to high blood pressure. GABA’s anticonvulsant properties suggest that it may be effective in reducing the frequency of seizures in some individuals, while its calming effects may help reduce stress, relieve anxiety, elevate mood, and improve focus and concentration.

A number of studies have indicated that GABA may act as a natural HGH releaser, or HGH secretagogue. In light of its potential to stimulate HGH production, GABA-containing supplements are often taken to support lean muscle growth, decrease body fat and enhance exercise tolerance. Furthermore, GABA is believed to have an analgesic effect, so it may help to alleviate feelings of pain or soreness after an intense workout.

Side Effects of GABA and Potential Interactions

GABA supplementation is generally considered safe for healthy adults; no side effects have been reported at commonly administered dosages. However, since GABA has been shown to reduce blood pressure, supplements containing GABA may increase the risk of hypotension (abnormally low blood pressure) when taken in conjunction with antihypertensive drugs.

More detailed safety information on GABA side effects and interactions can be found in the Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database (subscription required). As with any medication or health supplement, it is best to consult your physician before taking dietary supplements containing GABA.

GABA Research and Studies

Many researchers have explored the use of GABA to treat medical conditions such as hypertension and anxiety. Numerous animal and human studies—including some published in the British Journal of Nutrition, Journal of Physiological Anthropology, Clinical and Experimental Hypertension, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, and Transgenic Research—have revealed GABA’s ability to lower blood pressure in cases of hypertension. Other studies have demonstrated its relaxing, immunity-enhancing and anti-anxiety effects. According to an article in BioFactors, GABA not only induces relaxation but also reduces anxiety; and evidence suggests it may enhance immunity under stress conditions. An animal study published Neuroscience found that GABA decreases anxiety-like behavior in rats. Furthermore, researchers documented GABA’s neuroprotective effects in the Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, which reported that GABA-producing Lactobacillus buchneri protected neuronal cells against neurotoxicant-induced cell death. Some researchers have explored the potential of GABA to be used in an analgesic capacity for pain relief—as described in Advances in Pharmacology, Neurochemical Research and the European Journal of Pharmacology—though further evidence is needed to accurately evaluate its effectiveness for this use.

Multiple studies have indicated that GABA is capable of promoting human growth hormone (HGH) secretion; relevant findings have been published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Acta Endocrinologica, Medicine and Sport Science, and other journals and textbooks. One study featured in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise examined the effect of GABA ingestion on immunoreactive growth hormone (irGH) and immunofunctional growth hormone (ifGH) release at rest and after exercise, and found that GABA elevates both resting and post-exercise HGH concentrations. Bodybuilders and athletes often take GABA supplements to help increase muscle growth, enhance muscle tone, burn fat and improve exercise tolerance. However, while GABA has been shown to stimulate HGH secretion, further clinical studies are needed to prove a direct correlation between GABA and other purported health and fitness benefits.

For additional GABA research, refer to the PubMed site sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

HGH.com Supplements With GABA

Athletes, bodybuilders and fitness enthusiasts can leverage the potential benefits of GABA through natural health and bodybuilding supplements from HGH.com:

HGF MAX – Purity Select HGF MAX is intended to boost HGH production with a proprietary blend of ingredients, including GABA and key amino acids. This powerful dietary supplement can help improve muscle tone, build muscle, promote fat loss, boost energy and increase metabolism.

HGH Spray – HGH 30,000 Nanograms is designed to stimulate HGH release through a combination of GABA, L-group amino acids and other natural ingredients. Available in a convenient spray form, this product is formulated to support muscle growth, mass gain, fat burning and other benefits.

References (Function, Sources, Benefits/Uses and Side Effects/Interactions):

Clark, Josh. “Can Food Make People Happy?”; How Stuff Works; accessed May 13, 2015. <http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/food-happiness1.htm>

Examine.com. “GABA”; published under “Supplements”; accessed May 13, 2015. <http://examine.com/supplements/GABA>

Haas, Ryan. “The Effectiveness of GABA as a Weightlifting Supplement”; published in the “Sports and Fitness” section on Livestrong.com; October 24, 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/442474-the-effectiveness-of-gaba-weight-lifting-supplement>

Hunt Renee. “A List of Foods With the Highest GABA”; published in the “Food and Health” section on Livestrong.com; April 19, 2015. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/478780-a-list-of-foods-with-the-highest-gaba>

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. “GABA (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid)”; Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database; updated April 9, 2014. <http://naturaldatabase.therapeuticresearch.com/nd/Search.aspx?cs=&s=ND&pt=100&id=464&fs=ND&searchid=51623304>

Petroff, Ognen A.C. “GABA and Glutamate in the Human Brain”; Neuroscientist; December 2002. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12467378>

Stellpflug, Craig. “For a Healthy Brain and Nervous System – Gotta Have GABA”; Natural News; August 13, 2012. <http://www.naturalnews.com/036778_GABA_brain_health_nervous_system.html>

WebMD and Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. “GABA (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid)”; published under “Vitamins & Supplements”; accessed May 13, 2015. <http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-464-gaba%20%28gamma-aminobutyric%20acid%29.aspx?activeingredientid=464&activeingredientname=gaba%20%28gamma-aminobutyric%20acid%29>

Research Sources:

Abdou, Adham M.; S. Higashiguchi; et al. “Relaxation and Immunity Enhancement Effects of Aamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) Administration in Humans”; BioFactors; 2006. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16971751>

Cavagnini, Francesco; Giampiero Benetti; et al. “Effect of Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid on Growth Hormone and Prolactin Secretion in Man: Influence of Pimozide and Domperidone”; The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism; October 1980. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7419665>

Cavagnini, Francesco; Cecilia Invitti; et al. “Effect of Acute and Repeated Administration of Gamma Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) on Growth Hormone and Prolactin Secretion in Man”; Acta Endocrinologica; February 1980. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7376786>

Cho, Yu Ran; Ji Yoon Chang; and Hae Choon Chang. “Production of β-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) by Lactobacillus Buchneri Isolated from Kimchi and Its Neuroprotective Effect on Neuronal Cells”; Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology; January 2007. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18051360>

Enna, S.J. and Kenneth E. McCarson. “The Role of GABA in the Mediation and Perception of Pain”; Advances in Pharmacology; 2006. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17175808>

Hayakawaa, Kazuhito; Masayuki Kimura; et al. “Effect of a Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid-Enriched Dairy Product on the Blood Pressure of Spontaneously Hypertensive and Normotensive Wistar-Kyoto Rats”; British Journal of Nutrition; September 2004. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15469644>

Kowaka, Emi; Yasuka Shimajiri; et al. “Field Trial of GABA-Fortified Rice Plants and Oral Administration of Milled Rice in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats”; Transgenic Research; December 2014. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25542346>

McCarson, Kenneth E. and S.J. Enna. “GABA Pharmacology: The Search for Analgesics”; Neurochemical Research; October 2014. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24532294>

Munro, Gordon; Rikke R. Hansen; and Naheed R. Mirza. “GABA(A) Receptor Modulation: Potential to Deliver Novel Pain Medicines?”; European Journal of Pharmacology; September 15, 2013. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23500203>

Okita, Yoshimitsu; Harunobu Nakamura; et al. “Effects of Vegetable Containing Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid on the Cardiac Autonomic Nervous System in Healthy Young People”; Journal of Physiological Anthropology; 2009. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19483370>

Powers, M. “GABA Supplementation and Growth Hormone Response”; Medicine and Sport Science; 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23075553>

Powers, Michael E.; Joshua F. Yarrow; et al. “Growth Hormone Isoform Responses to GABA Ingestion at Rest and after Exercise”; Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise; January 2008. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18091016>

Shimada, Morio; Takashi Hasegawa; et al. “Anti-Hypertensive Effect of Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA)-Rich Chlorella on High-Normal Blood Pressure and Borderline Hypertension in Placebo-Controlled Double Blind Study”; Clinical and Experimental Hypertension; June 2009. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19811362>

Vaz, Gisele Cristiane; Ana Paula Oliveira Bahia; et al. “Cardiovascular and Behavioral Effects Produced by Administration of Liposome-Entrapped GABA Into the Rat Central Nervous System”; Neuroscience; January 29, 2015. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25446344>

Yoshimura, Mineka; Tohru Toyoshi; et al. “Antihypertensive Effect of a γ-Aminobutyric Acid Rich Tomato Cultivar ‘DG03-9’ in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats”; Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry; January 13, 2010. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20050705>




HGH.com Launches New E-Commerce Mobile Website

HGH.com Now Offers an Easy-to-Use Mobile Website That Allows Users to Order Natural Health and Bodybuilding Supplements on the Go

HGH.com New Mobile Online Supplement Store - HGH, Bodybuilding, Haealth & Fitness

As a leading provider of natural HGH and bodybuilding supplements, we recently unveiled a new mobile e-commerce site. Users who access HGH.com from a smartphone or similar device will automatically be directed to the mobile website.

"Our growing and loyal customer base consists of health, bodybuilders, athletes and fitness enthusiasts—people who tend to be active and on the move. So we launched the HGH.com mobile site to provide them with the convenience of ordering their favorite supplements on the go," said Dan Smith from HGH.com. "Our new mobile site has a streamlined design that makes it easy for users to find relevant products and place their order from any smartphone. I invite our customers to try it for themselves and share their feedback with us."

Read the full news release feature on Yahoo Finance at http://finance.yahoo.com/news/hgh-fitness-bodybuilding-supplement-company-134100494.html.

To access the new mobile site, visit http://m.hgh.comor simply typeHGH.com into the browser of any smartphone or other mobile device and it will automatically redirect. Customers can also connect with the company via mobile social media apps by visiting the HGH.com Facebook and YouTube pages.

 




Get Super Fit with These Avengers Superhero Workouts

Avengers Superhero Workout Videos and Tips

In the spirit of the latest Avengers movie, we're laser focused on training like these superheroes. Although you may never be able to have the amazing powers of Black Widow, Captain America, Hawkeye, Hulk, Iron Man, Thor and the rest of the Avengers, you can workout the way they do. In time, you can even potentially build the incredible strength and fantastic physique they command. It seems like this is the best of both worlds anyway. Kermit the Frog always told us that, “It’s not easy being green.” We bet the Incredible Hulk knows a thing or two about that. But, by training like the Avengers, you can have all of the brawn of these mighty heroes while still getting to enjoy life as a mortal.

There's some superhero in each one of us, so why not workout like one. To get you started, we found some great YouTube videos that feature workouts related to a few of the Avengers: Captain America, Iron Man and Thor. Plus, we’ve created a larger than life Avengers Superhero Workout Videos and Tips Pinterest board.

Captain America Super Soldier Training Exercises

If you want to have a superhero physique like Captain America, without the super soldier serum, then you need to train like a superhero in the gym. We found a video workout from Scott Herman Fitness that presents the Captain America's "Super Soldier Training": Body of a Superhero Workout!

If you want to have a superhero physique like Captain America, without the super soldier serum, then you need to train like a superhero in the gym. We found a video workout from Scott Herman Fitness that presents the Captain America's "Super Soldier Training": Body of a Superhero Workout!

Superhero Switch! Routine Sets and Rep Duck and Dodge Shield Slash Charging Star Captain's Evade Star Spangled Switch Fly Like an Eagle Eagle-Knee Strike

HASfit Iron Man Workout

How does Iron Man get those chiseled abs? This Iron Man-inspired workout can help you increase muscle while decreasing fat. Consisting of five advanced exercises with five sets of each, this high intensity workout will have you feeling pretty super. For the first three exercises, it is suggested to do 12 repetitions of each, while the fourth is only four reps with two each way, and the last is six reps. Make sure to give yourself a little break between each set. Freddie from HASfit demonstrates each of the following exercises:

  • Overhead Medicine Ball Squat
  • Stability Ball Push Up
  • Stability Ball Push Up
  • Hanging Leg Raise
  • Fast Feet to a Reach Jump

Beefing Up to Become Thor

Actor director Kenneth Branagh reveals why Chris Hemsworth was the right actor for the part of Thor. Plus, get the low-down from this muscular Australian heartthrob to find out what it took for him to beef up for this super powerful part.

Avengers Workouts and Tips Pinterest Board

Get even more pumped up with the Avengers by checking out HGH.com's Avengers Superhero Workout Videos and Tips Pinterest board.

Follow Avengers Superhero Workout Videos and Tips on our Pinterest board.




2015 Jay Cutler Desert Classic Results

2015 Jay Cutler Desert Classic

April 4  
Palms Hotel & Casino,
Las Vegas, NV United States
Organizer: Dana Ross, Rami Bruyninga & Jay Cutler
Phone: 702-285-1921
Website: www.jaycutlerdesertclassic.com
Event: NPC

Following are the top overall winners for each of the events:

2015 NPC Jay Cutler Desert Classic Contest Photoshttp://tinyurl.com/qelb9chFrank Sepe NPC News Online Around The NPC & IFBB with JM Manion #NPCNEWS

Posted by NPC News Online on Friday, April 10, 2015

MEN'S BODYBUILDING
Super Heavyweight
1. Justin Teal
2. John Zinsmeister

Heavyweight
1. Alberto Arroyo
2. Stephen Bogey
3. Zak Pallikaros
4. Dave Bourlet
5. Kyle Ugaitafa
6. Joe Finateri

Video - Open Men Bodybuilding Overall at 2015 Jay Cutler Desert Classic

Light Heavyweight
1. Adrian Martin
2. William Conn
3. Ivan Massillon
4. Cliff Orr
5. TC Toler

Middleweight
1. Nicholas Austin
2. Kyle Cowger
3. Chris Kato
4. Raul Melendez
5. Anthony Arguelles

Welterweight
1. Nathan Coffee
2. Nick Washington
3. Zachary Hawthorne

Lightweight
1. Kevin Vuong
2. Brayden Keawe
3. Richard Morales
4. Christian Claudio

Novice Heavyweight
1. TC Toler
2. Scott Vannostrand
3. Oscar Gatez
4. Matthew Parry
5. Joe Finateri

Novice Lightweight
1. Nathan Coffee
2. Christian Claudio
3. Gilbert Rios

Novice Middleweight
1. Bobby Vasquez
2. Chris Kato
3. Anthony Arguelles
4. Michael Mazur

Wheelchair
1. Sam Jolley

Bantamweight
1. Gilbert Rios
2. Lawrence Stevens
3. Marco Angioni

Masters Over 40
1. William Conn
2. Zak Pallikaros
3. Scott Vannostrand
4. Oscar Gatez
5. Jason Nydam

Masters Over 50
1. Ivan Massillon
2. Tim Harvey
3. Williams Roberts
4. Mike Felling
   
FIGURE
Class A
1. Tessa Mick
2. Lori Cruz
3. Gretel Trejo
4. Linda Casaus

Class B
1. Juana Zazada
2. Alex Nelson
3. Kelly Hanson
4. Raymie Shoemaker
5. Arlin Mossholder

Class C
1. Carla Johnson
2. Jeanine Taddeo
3. Linzie Clawson
4. Marla Kirby
5. Poppy Reid

Class D
1. Michelle Finn-LaBree
2. Terri-Ann Carlman
3. Jolie Holschen
4. Melanie Lloyd
5. Alicia Luszcyk

Novice Class A
1. Sophia Drysdale
2. Linda Casaus
3. Gretel Trejo

Novice Class B
1. Linzie Clawson
2. Andrea Leipert
3. Rhianna Gonzalez
4. Jessica Close
5. Lisa St. Martin

Masters Over 35
1. Carla Johnson
2. Marla Kirby
3. Sophia Drysdale
4. Lori Cruz
5. Melanie Lloyd

Masters Over 40
1. Michelle Finn-LaBree
2. Terri-Ann Carlman
3. Arlin Mossholder
4. Lisa St. Martin
5. Dana Hope Arcana
   
BIKINI
Class A
1. Jacqui Beyer
2. Donna Canaria
3. Luna Beasley
4. Ana Ramirez
5. Sara Chavana

Class B
1. Habileny Sanchez
2. Karen Lozano
3. Corrina Larson
4. Amanda Barton
5. Erica Valdes

Class C
1. Ja Elam
2. Andrea Sandici
3. Samantha Villagomez
4. Kiana Lee
5. Alexi Irvine

Class D
1. Kerryne Brown
2. Renee Nelson
3. Lynndsey Miller
4. Sabrina Kearns
5. Ashley Edwards

Class E
1. Samantha Grimes
2. Mary Bungay
3. Lindsey Weigand
4. Tiffany Filbert
5. Cherlyn Jarvis

Class F
1. Elizabeth Martinez
2. Anjanette Lowe
3. Raven Williams
4. Tania Plasencia
5. Carrie Clotworthy

Grandmaster
1. Anjanette Lowe
2. Sophia Melgoza Maffioli
3. Jeni Evensen
4. Victoria Gusto
5. Robin Payton

Novice Class A
1. Jacqui Beyer
2. Andrea Sandici
3. Tenik Pritchard
4. Habileny Sanchez
5. Donna Canaria

Novice Class B
1. Lindsey Weigand
2. Mary Bungay
3. Dallas Sainsbury
4. Karly Jo Buchanan
5. Cherlyn Jarvis

Masters
1. Ja Elam
2. Kerryne Brown
3. Kiana Lee
4. Renee Nelson
5. Jeni Evensen

MEN'S PHYSIQUE
Class A
1. Tait Johnson
2. Larry Naw
3. Chris Henderson
4. Benjamin Chimoski
5. Deric Clawson

Class B
1. Daniel Robinson
2. Kyle St. Vincent
3. Jay Casagrande
4. Bobby Vasquez
5. Mark Gederos

Class C
1. Jonathan Ortega
2. Willie Garrett
3. Fabio Toscano
4. Tony Toscano
5. David Cantu

Class D
1. Jonathan Hendel
2. Vlatemir DeSouza
3. Ryan Benavente
4. Sean Epps
5. Frankie Gamez

Class E
1. Anthony Kurup
2. Anthony Marinello
3. Joe Daily

Class F
1. Joshua Self
2. James Rossi
3. Luke Matthews
4. Jasen Johnson
5. Tyler Walter

Novice Class A
1. Tait Johnson
2. Deric Clawson
3. Michael Busio
4. Manny Rivera
5. Gustavo Ruiz-Davis

Novice Class B
1. Vlatemir DeSouza
2. Frankie Gamez
3. Sean Epps
4. Abdulaziz Al-ka'ak
5. Michael Quagge

Masters Over 35
1. Jonathan Ortega
2. Fabio Toscano
3. Tony Toscano
4. David Cantu
5. Andrew Hecker

Masters Over 40
1. Willie Garrett
2. Larry Crawford
3. Bill Schoonmaker
4. Gregory Weber
5. James Girard
   
WOMEN'S BODYBUILDING
1. Morgan Martin-Jarred
2. Brigit Norris

FITNESS
Jeanine Taddeo
Raymie Shoemaker

   
WOMEN'S PHYSIQUE
Class A
1. Teresa Cross
2. Nicole Mosselli
3. Cameo Kayser
4. Dawn Borjas
5. Brigit Norris

Class B
1. Destinee Silva
2. Amy Luu
3. Morgan Martin-Jarred
4. Tania Lewis

Congratulations to all of the competitors who participated in the 2015 Jay Cutler Desert Classic contest. For the the full NPC results/scores visit: http://contests.npcnewsonline.com/contests/2015/npc_jay_cutler_desert_classic/

Be sure to visit the HGH.com blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.
- See more at: http://www.hgh.com/blogger/




2015 NPC San Diego Championships Overall Winners

2015 NPC San Diego Championships

NPC San Diego Championships
Bodybuilding, Figure, Physique,
and Bikini Championships
March 21, 2015
San Diego, California
Event: NPC

Following are the top overall winners for each of the events:

Unlimited Bodybuilding Overall
1. Adrian Martin
2. Vantrell Abrams
3. Johnny Garcia
4. Kyle Sabian

              

Adrian Martin
Unlimited Bodybuilding Overall (1st)
Vantrell Abrams
Unlimited Bodybuilding Overall (2nd)

 

Novice Bodybuilding Overall
1. Adrian Martin
2. Vantrell Abrams

Unlimited Bikini Overall
1. Josie Lamb
2. Christina Sanchez
3. Jessica Ortiz
4. Lindsay Price
5. Kelin Covington
6. Ashley Epperson

                

Josie Lamb
Unlimited Bikini Overall (1st)
Christina Sanchez
Unlimited Bikini Overall (2nd)

 

Masters Bikini 45+ Overall
1. Kristy Lynn
2. Jan Engebreston

Masters Bikini 35+ Overall
1. Kristy Lynn
2. Jan Engebreston
3. Janelle Copeland

Novice Bikini Overall
1. Lindsay Price
2. Alexandrea Frias
3. Lauren Lagomarsino

                 

Lindsay Price
Novice Bikini Overall (1st)
Alexandrea Frias
Novice Bikini Overall (2nd)

Unlimited Figure Overall
1. Sara Ard
2. Esmeralda Diosdado
3. Elena Chernousenko
4. Topaz Good

          

Sara Ard
Unlimited Figure Overall (1st)
Esmeralda Diosdado
Unlimited Figure Overall (2nd)

 
Masters Figure 35+ Overall
1. Esmeralda Diosdado
2. Rochelle Diem

Unlimited Mens Physique Overall
1. Bernard Royal
2. Mark Black
3. Julian Mena
4. Rudy McCleary
5. Evan Laveist
6. David Lamb

          

Bernard Royal
Unlimited Physique Overall (1st)
Mark Black
Unlimited Physique Overall (3rd)


Masters Mens Physique 35+ Overall
1. Paul Hourani
2. Chris Rufo

Novice Mens Physique Overall
1. Jacob Roa
2. Charles Sicklestell
3. Rudy McCleary

Congratulations to all of the competitors who participated in the 2015 NPC San Diego Championships. Official Final Results Scorecard - http://lindsayproductions.com/results. To see all results and photos visit - http://contests.npcnewsonline.com/contests/2015/npc_san_diego_championships/

Be sure to visit the HGH.com blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.




Learn More About Natural HGH Supplements

Human Growth Hormone does a lot more than just add lean muscle mass. By increasing metabolism in the body, Human Growth Hormone helps a person lose unwanted fat. Because HGH increases metabolism, individuals can eat more and still not run the risk of gaining weight. - See more at: http://www.hgh.com/blogger/post/hgh-helps-you-build-muscle-use-hgh-for

How Should You Take Somatropinne HGH?

Perhaps you are committed to a Somatropinne HGH 3 month supply and now you need to know how to take the pills that you have purchased. It is best read and follow the following tips:

  •     Always read the directions on the bottle for the most recent instructions.
  •     In the morning, take a single capsule.
  •     It is best to take the capsule with a healthy breakfast, not just with coffee.
  •     At night, take a second capsule. Again, taking it with food is recommended.
  •     Continue this every day for three months or more.

Human growth hormone treatment can be powerful and effective. It can increase muscle mass, burn adipose tissue, and cause you to feel healthy and awake. However, make sure that you give Somatropinne HGH enough time to work or you will not see the results you want. - See more at: http://www.hgh.com/blogger/post/how-to-best-take-somatropinne-hgh

A Quick Read on Why HGH is so Important... 

There is a reason why a multi-million dollar industry has developed around human growth hormone and human growth hormone therapy treatments. Everyone needs this important hormone in their body and at sufficient levels. Otherwise, they will begin to experience ill health effects. Insufficient levels of human growth hormone is also a problem that everyone will eventually face as they age, cured only by supplementing their bodies with forms of the hormone.
- See more at: http://www.hgh.com/blogger/post/importance-of-hgh-human-growth-hormones

Resources

See all our HGH.com products, blogs and informational resources by using our online search to with the keyword "HGH"!

You too can experience the effects of HGH Supplementation by viewing HGH.com Supplements - See more at: http://www.hgh.com/blogger/post/importance-of-hgh-human-growth-hormones#sthash.AEME6OWm.dpuf
You too can experience the effects of HGH Supplementation by viewing HGH.com Supplements. - See more at: http://www.hgh.com/blogger/post/importance-of-hgh-human-growth-hormones#sthash.AEME6OWm.dp



2014 Ferrigno Legacy Results: Top 5 Winners in IFBB Pro Bodybuilding, Physique and Bikini Contests

Meet the Winners of the 2014 Ferrigno Legacy, Held in Santa Barbara, California, November 28-29, 2014

While most of America was recovering from Thanksgiving indulgences over the past weekend, dozens of bodybuilding and fitness pros – and many more amateur bodybuilders and fitness enthusiasts – showed off their impressive physiques at the first annual Ferrigno Legacy in Santa Barbara, California.

The 2014 IFBB Ferrigno Legacy Pro event was held on Friday, November 28, and featured four competitions: bodybuilding, men’s physique, women’s physique and bikini. The 2014 NPC Ferrigno Legacy amateur competitions took place on Saturday, November 29, and consisted of more than 40 contests, including bodybuilding, figure, physique and bikini events in multiple classes and levels.

Reporter Tracy Lehr spotlights the inaugural Ferrigno Legacy event and interviews founder Lou Ferrigno for local news stations KEYT, KCOY and KKFX.

In addition to the physique, bikini and bodybuilding competitions, the 2014 Ferrigno Legacy featured a red-carpet event on Friday evening and a “Meet the Legends Q&A” on Saturday afternoon. Both were headlined by founder Lou Ferrigno and included numerous celebrities and bodybuilding legends.

Following are the top 5 winners for each of the 2014 IFBB Ferrigno Legacy Pro events:

2014 Ferrigno Legacy IFBB Pro Men’s Bodybuilding Champions
1. Ronny Rockel, Germany
2. Brad Rowe, Los Angeles, CA
3. Robert Piotrkowicz, Poland
4. Marius Dohne, South Africa
5. Omar Deckard, Los Angeles, CA

Ronny Rockel
Bodybuilding (1st)
Robert Piotrkowicz
Bodybuilding (3rd)

 

2014 Ferrigno Legacy IFBB Pro Men’s Physique Champions
1. Andre Adams, Kenosha, WI
2. John Nguyen, San Jose, CA
3. James Hurst, San Jose, CA
4. Frank Griffin, Philadelphia, PA
5. Damir Delic, Boise, ID

Andre Adams
Physique (1st)
John Nguyen
Physique (2rd)

 

2014 Ferrigno Legacy IFBB Pro Women’s Physique Champions
1. Jamie Postill, Alberta, Canada
2. Candrea Judd Adams, Jonesboro, GA
3. Leona Paula Muttoni, Brazil
4. Jane Santos, Harrison, NY
5. Marlene Koekemoer, South Africa

Jamie Postill
Physique (1st)
Candrea Judd-Adams
Physique (2nd)

 

2014 Ferrigno Legacy IFBB Pro Bikini Champions
1. Sarah LeBlanc, Houma, LA
2. Jade Carroll, Destin, FL
3. Lindsey Waters, Miami Beach, FL
4. Tatiana Koshman, Spring, TX
5. Breena Martinez, Concord, CA

Sarah LeBlanc
Bikini (1st)
Jade Carroll
Bikini (2nd)

See all photos here, taken by Ron Avidan

For the complete list of 2014 IFBB Ferrigno Legacy Pro rankings, visit http://contest.bodybuilding.com/results/28841. The 2014 NPC Ferrigno Legacy amateur rankings have not yet been posted online, but stay tuned and we’ll add a link here when those results are published.

Congratulations to all of the competitors who participated in the 2014 IFBB/NPC Ferrigno Legacy – your dedication and impressive form over the holiday weekend are certainly an inspiration to others!

Be sure to visit the HGH.com blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.




L-Glycine Benefits, Uses, Side Effects and Functions

Discover the Function, Sources and Benefits of the Health Supplement Ingredient L-Glycine, or Aminoacetic Acid

Glycine – also known as L-glycine, aminoacetic acid or aminoethanoic acid – is the smallest of the 20 amino acids in the human body. It is considered a nonessential or conditionally essential amino acid, which means that it is normally produced by the body in sufficient amounts; however, dietary supplementation may be beneficial in times of illness or stress, or for the treatment of certain diseases. L-glycine is found in some food sources as well as in health and bodybuilding supplements such as HGF-MAX, HGH 30,000 Nanograms pills and spray, and whey protein mixes.

Functions of L-Glycine

As an amino acid, glycine is involved in protein synthesis. It appears to work in concert with L-glutamine to improve brain function, and it is one of three amino acids – along with proline and hydroxyproline – that make up the triple-helical structure of collagen. Evidence also suggests that L-glycine may stimulate human growth hormone (HGH) production, acting as a natural HGH releaser.

Sources of L-Glycine

The body manufactures glycine using another amino acid called serine. Dietary sources of l-glycine include protein-rich foods such as meat, fish, dairy and legumes. L-glycine may also be consumed as an ingredient within natural dietary supplements.

L-Glycine Benefits and Uses

Therapeutic uses of L-glycine include the treatment of schizophrenia, stroke and leg ulcers. It also appears to enhance wound healing, and may help protect the liver and kidneys from the harmful effects of certain chemicals. Evidence suggests that L-glycine functions a natural HGH releaser, or HGH secretagogue; as a result, it may have a beneficial effect on athletic performance, such as helping to build muscle and increase endurance.

Side Effects of L-Glycine and Potential Interactions

L-glycine supplements are generally considered safe for adults; no serious side effects have been reported, even at doses as high as 60 grams per day. A small number of people have experienced stomach upset, nausea or vomiting, which ceased as soon as L-glycine supplementation was discontinued.

While L-glycine appears to enhance the beneficial effects of most drugs used to treat schizophrenia, it has been shown to decrease the effectiveness of one particular antipsychotic drug known as clozapine (Clozaril). Patients taking clozapine should avoid L-glycine supplementation.

More detailed safety information on L-glycine side effects and interactions can be found on the NYU Langone Medical Center website. As with any medication or health supplement, it is best to consult your physician before taking dietary supplements containing L-glycine.

L-Glycine Research and Studies

In addition to research on the use of glycine to treat medical conditions such as schizophrenia and strokes, a number of studies have explored the impact of L-glycine on HGH secretion. One such study published in Acta Endocrinologica found that intravenous glycine infusions produced a significant increase in serum HGH levels. Another study cited in Nutritional Neuroscience indicated that an oral supplement containing glycine, glutamine and niacin increased HGH secretion in healthy middle-aged and elderly subjects. In Nutrients as Ergogenic Aids for Sports and Exercise, the author conducted a research review and summarized his findings; he noted that a number of studies concur that glycine appears to stimulate HGH release and promote creatine synthesis, which can be beneficial for athletes undergoing progressive weight training.

Several other studies have examined the effects of L-glycine supplementation in relation to athletic performance and recovery. In Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, researchers found that an oral treatment of glycine and L-arginine salt of alpha-ketoisocaproic acid calcium (GAKIC) increased muscle torque and work sustained during intense acute anaerobic dynamic exercise, and enhanced overall muscle performance by delaying muscle fatigue during the early phases of anaerobic dynamic exercise. A recent animal study featured in Connective Tissue Research explored the effects of green tea and glycine on tendinitis, which commonly afflicts athletes, and determined that a green tea and glycine diet has beneficial effects that aid in the recovery process of the tendon after tendinitis.

For additional L-glycine research, refer to the PubMed site sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

HGH.com Supplements With L-Glycine

Athletes, bodybuilders and fitness enthusiasts can experience the beneficial effects of L-glycine for themselves with natural HGH releasers and bodybuilding supplements from HGH.com:

HGH Pills and HGH Spray – Whether you prefer HGH pills or an oral spray, Purity Select’s 30,000 Nanogram products promote growth hormone production with a powerful combination of L-group amino acids, including L-glycine. They are designed to support muscle growth, fat-burning, increased energy and other health benefits.

HGF MAX – Scientifically formulated to naturally boost HGH production, these Purity Select capsules contain a proprietary blend of ingredients including L-glycine and other amino acids, which can help build muscle, improve muscle tone, increase stamina and boost metabolism.

Multi-Pro Chocolate Whey Protein – With over 450 milligrams of L-glycine and 24 grams of protein per serving, Multi-Pro is a complete protein supplement that is intended to help users build muscle, reduce body fat and support immune system health.

CytoSport Vanilla Whey Protein – A single serving of low-lactose, low-fat, CytoSport whey protein contains 2 grams of L-glycine and 18 grams of protein. This delicious drink mix is formulated to help athletes increase lean muscle mass and accelerate recovery from intense training.

References (Function, Sources, Benefits/Uses and Side Effects/Interactions):

NYU Langone Medical Center. “Glycine”; published under “Herbs & Supplements”; last reviewed September 2014. <http://www.med.nyu.edu/content?ChunkIID=21751>

University of Maryland Shore Regional Health. “Amino Acids”; published in the “Medical Reference Guide” section; last updated April 23, 2014. <http://umm.edu/system-hospital-sites/shore-health/health/medical/ency/articles/amino-acids>

Lodish, Harvey; Berk, Arnold; et al. “Collagen: The Fibrous Proteins of the Matrix”; Molecular Cell Biology, 4th Edition; New York: W.H. Freeman; 2000; section 22.3. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK21582/>

WebMD and Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. “Glycine”; published under “Vitamins & Supplements”; accessed November 21, 2014. <http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-1072-glycine.aspx?activeingredientid=1072&activeingredientname=glycine>

Research Sources:

Arwert, Lucia I.; Deijen, Jan Berend; and Drent, Madeleine L. “Effects of An Oral Mixture Containing Glycine, Glutamine and Niacin on Memory, GH and IGF-I Secretion in Middle-aged and Elderly Subjects”; Nutritional Neuroscience; October 1, 2003. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14609312>

Bucci, Luke R. “Micronutrient Supplementation and Ergogenesis — Amino Acids: Glycine”; Nutrients as Ergogenic Aids for Sports and Exercise; Boca Raton: CRC Press; 1993; chapter 6, section VI, pages 73-74. <http://www.crcpress.com/product/isbn/9780849342233>

Dannhardt, Gerd and Kohl, Beate K. “The Glycine Site on the NMDA Receptor: Structure-Activity Relationships and Possible Therapeutic Applications”; Current Medicinal Chemistry; August 1998. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9668194>

Kasai, K.; Suzuki, H.; et al. “Glycine Stimulated Growth Hormone Release in Man”; Acta Endocrinologica; March 1980. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7376793>

Stevens, Bruce R.; Godfrey, Michael D.; et al. “High-Intensity Dynamic Human Muscle Performance Enhanced by a Metabolic Intervention”; Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise; December 2000. <>

Vieira, Cristiano P.; Da Ré Guerra, Flavia.; et al. “Green Tea and Glycine Aid in the Recovery of Tendinitis of the Achilles Tendon of Rats”; Connective Tissue Research; November 21, 2014. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25360832>




How to Increase HGH Levels Naturally

Top 7 Ways to Naturally Boost Your Body’s Human Growth Hormone (HGH) Levels

By Dan Smith of HGH.com

In recent years, I’ve seen a growing level of interest in how to increase HGH levels naturally, particularly among bodybuilders and athletes. Given the controversy and issues associated with synthetic HGH injections, many people are seeking out natural ways to increase their body’s own production of HGH. This is something that I do myself, and it’s a topic I’ve often discussed with our HGH.com-sponsored athletes – IFBB pros Tricky Jackson, Ben White and Tara Silzer. So I decided to compile our top tips in one blog post, which highlights seven effective ways to naturally boost HGH levels.

HGH Basics and Functions

Before I get into our recommendations, let’s start with a quick review of the basics. Human growth hormone, also known as HGH, is a type of polypeptide hormone secreted by the pituitary gland. As the name implies, HGH triggers growth and repair of bone, cartilage, tissue and muscle. It also helps to improve body composition by increasing muscle mass and metabolizing fat. The pituitary gland produces its highest quantities of HGH during childhood and puberty to support the body’s growth and development. Once a child has reached full adult height, HGH production decreases substantially. In adulthood, HGH tends to be secreted in smaller bursts at specific times – during sleep, after exercise and in response to bodily stress or trauma.

Top 7 Ways to Naturally Increase HGH Levels

While the body generally follows its own set patterns for HGH secretion after puberty, there are a number of proven methods for boosting production on an ongoing basis:

1. Seek alternatives to synthetic HGH injections. While injectable growth hormones have been shown to increase HGH levels, there are a number of issues associated with this practice – including the high cost of injections as well as the fact that they are illegal without a prescription. Another lesser-known caveat is that pumping the body with high levels of artificial growth hormones may actually cause the body to decrease production of its own natural HGH. So, in the long run, it’s better to find natural ways to stimulate increased HGH secretion.

2. Get enough sleep. Since the majority of HGH production in adults occurs overnight during slow-wave sleep (or “deep” sleep), it is essential to get sufficient high-quality sleep – ideally, 7 to 8 hours per night. To help elevate HGH levels, try to adhere to a regular sleep routine: go to bed at the same time every evening and wake up at the same time each morning. It’s also important to have uninterrupted sleep, so avoid consuming alcohol or caffeine before bedtime, as they can interfere with normal sleep patterns. Try to minimize light and noise to avoid interruptions to your sleep schedule, and keep your bedroom at a comfortable temperature so that you don’t awake in the middle of the night shivering or sweating.

3. Adhere to a healthy diet. There is an inverse relationship between insulin and HGH – higher levels of insulin suppress HGH production. Therefore, it is critical to consume the right foods at the right time to regulate insulin levels and promote HGH release. Many experts recommend eating multiple small meals over the course of the day, and the majority agree that it is best to limit your intake of highly processed, complex carbohydrates (like white bread and white rice) as well as sugary food and beverages (including soda and sports drinks made with high-fructose corn syrup), as these can trigger a spike in insulin.

Your best bet is to build your diet around high-fiber, protein-rich foods, such as vegetables, fruits, nuts and beans/legumes. Opt for low-glycemic, slow-digesting carbohydrates like oatmeal, pears, apples, sweet potatoes and brown rice. To help minimize insulin secretion, try eating a low-carb, high-protein snack a few hours before bedtime – think nuts like almonds, pistachios and walnuts; pumpkin or sunflower seeds; edamame; hummus; yogurt; or cottage cheese.

4. Engage in high-intensity interval training. While proper sleep and nutrition are both effective ways to support a natural increase in HGH levels, exercise also plays a critical role. Many different types of exercise can help maintain a healthy body and regulate insulin levels, but high-intensity interval training in particular has the potential to naturally boost HGH levels. This occurs in direct response to the stress on your muscles, signaling the pituitary gland to secrete more HGH to repair the tissue. Several studies have examined the effects of this exercise-induced growth hormone response (EIGR) and determined the associated benefits.

5. Consume whey protein before and after exercise. Research has shown that consuming a rapidly absorbed protein, such as whey protein, may help promote optimal muscle building after resistance exercise. Another study found that consuming whey protein half an hour before resistance training can accelerate metabolism not only during exercise, but up to 24 hours after a workout. HGH.com offers several high-quality whey protein mixes designed to enhance muscularity and stimulate HGH production, including CytoSport Vanilla Whey Protein, Elite Chocolate Mint Whey Protein, Elite Butter Toffee Whey Protein, IsoBolic Vanilla Whey Protein and Multi-Pro Chocolate Whey Protein.

6. Practice occasional fasting. A healthy diet is vital to provide the energy you need to complete intense workouts. However, some studies have suggested that intermittent fasting may be an effective way to balance blood-sugar levels and trigger HGH release. If your workout schedule allows for it, you might want to try periodic fasting on any off days in your training.

7. Add natural HGH releasers to your dietary supplements. Unlike injectable HGH, which introduces synthetic chemicals into your system, natural HGH releasers stimulate your body to produce more of its own HGH. Look for HGH supplements that contain proven natural ingredients, such as L-arginine, L-glutamine, L-leucine, L-tyrosine, bovine colostrum and others. You’ll find many of these naturally derived ingredients in Purity Select health and bodybuilding supplements from HGH.com, including HGH 30,000 Pills, HGH 30,000 Spray, Somatropinne HGH, DBol-GH, Ana-GH and HGH Testosterone Plus.

Following these recommendations will help you increase HGH levels naturally and in a healthy way while also enabling you to attain peak physical condition. Are there any other tips and best practices you implement to boost your HGH production? We invite you to join the conversation and post your comments below!

References:

Besedovsky, Luciana; Lange, Tanja; and Born, Jan. “Sleep and Immune Function”; Pflugers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology; January 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22071480>

Churchward-Venne, Tyler A.; Burd, Nicholas A; and Phillips, Stuart M. “Nutritional Regulation of Muscle Protein Synthesis With Resistance Exercise: Strategies to Enhance Anabolism”; Nutrition & Metabolism; May 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22594765>

Godfrey, Richard J.; Madgwick, Zahra; and Whyte, Gregory P. “The Exercise-Induced Growth Hormone Response in Athletes”; Sports Medicine; July 2003. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12797841>

Hackney, Kyle J.; Bruenger, Adam J.; Lemmer, Jeffrey T. “Timing Protein Intake Increases Energy Expenditure 24 H After Resistance Training”; Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise; May 2010. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19997003>

Harvard Medical School. “Growth Hormone, Athletic Performance, and Aging”; Harvard Men’s Health Watch; May 2010; accessed November 9, 2014. <http://www.health.harvard.edu/newsletters/Harvard_Mens_Health_Watch/2010/May/growth-hormone-athletic-performance-and-aging>

Ho, Kian Y.; Veldhuis, Johannes D.; et al. “Fasting Enhances Growth Hormone Secretion and Amplifies the Complex Rhythms of Growth Hormone Secretion in Man”; The Journal of Clinical Investigation; April 1988. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3127426>

Jackson, Joe. “Unlock Your Potential: How to Boost Your HGH Levels”; Men’s Fitness; accessed November 9, 2014. <http://www.mensfitness.com/nutrition/supplements/unlock-your-potential-how-to-boost-your-hgh-levels>

Nindl, Bradley C.; Pierce, Joseph R.; et al. “Twenty-Hour Growth Hormone Secretory Profiles after Aerobic and Resistance Exercise”; Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise; October 2014. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24576855>





November 2014 Tips from IFBB Pros Presented by HGH.com

HGH.com Presents IFBB Pros & Tips: November 2014 Edition

Get some quick tips and sage advice from some of the most incredible IFBB professionals. For the October 2014 edition of HGH.com’s Tips from IFBB Pros, we bring out the big guns with a quick tip from Steve Kuclo, as well as interviews with the world’s top IFBB bikini and fitness models. Plus, we get to see what life is like for IFBB Pro Karina Nascimento and we’ve added some awesome pins to our dedicated IFBB Pros & Tips Pinterest board to inspire and motivate you.

IFBB Pro Steve Kuclo’s Quick Tip

What’s the correct technique for doing a seated rear delt lateral raise? IFBB Pro Steve Kuclo provides demonstration for completing this bodybuilding rear delt exercise. As one of the main muscle groups that really pops when you’re on stage at a bodybuilding competition, the rear delts can also be well built by doing rear delt lateral raise. All you need is a couple of dumbbells, a flat bench and Steve Kuclo's know-how. Steve also shares whether you should use low, medium or high weight for the best results.

Advice from the World’s Top IFBB Bikini and Fitness Models

Let’s hear the top tips from the world’s best bikini and fitness models. They claim that, "anyone can do it!" When it comes to training, nutrition, taking the proper supplements, and having a personal trainer that cares about your health, consistency is key to get the most incredible results. Remember, it's not just a physical challenge, but it's a mental challenge as well. These IFBB leading ladies also share insight regarding setting goals, staying healthy and fit, and how to prepare for competition.

What's Life Like for IFBB Pro Karina Nascimento

Spend the day with IFBB Pro Karina Nascimento. From a radio show to working out to a photo shoot and more, we get to see how Karina spends her time two days before the New York Pro. Plus, check out what she’s eating and take a look at Karina on stage for the competition. Will she cave for what she craves?

More IFBB Pros & Tips on Pinterest

We’ve added more tips and tricks from the IFBB Pros on Pinterest. Make sure to take a look at this totally awesome Pinterest board filled with inspiration, perspiration and nutrition-related pins from IFBB pros. Stop back by often as we'll continue to update this board.

Follow Bodybuilding's IFBB Pros & Tips Pinterest board.

 







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