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Maca Benefits, Uses, Side Effects and Functions

Discover the Function, Sources and Benefits of the Health Supplement Ingredient Maca, or Lepidium Meyenii

Maca – also known as Lepidium meyenii or Lepidium peruvianum – is a plant that is native to Peru and found in the high Andes. While it is sometimes called “Peruvian ginseng,” maca is not related to the ginseng plant; rather, it is a cruciferous root vegetable in the same family as mustard, broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage. Maca extract or powder is often used as an ingredient in select health and bodybuilding supplements, such as Somatropinne HGH, Ana-GH and Testosterone Plus.

Functions of Maca

The nutritional value of maca has long been recognized in both traditional and modern cultures, and these nutritional properties underlie maca’s reputation for enhancing energy, strength and endurance. Powdered maca is estimated to contain 59% carbohydrates, 8.5% fiber and more than 10% protein. It is also a good source of vitamins and essential amino acids, and is particularly high in iron and Vitamin C. Maca has been shown to improve sexual performance and fertility in both animals and humans. Its fertility-enhancing effects are believed to result from aromatic isothiocyanates hydrolyzed from glucosinolates, while its libido-boosting properties are attributed to the prostaglandins, sterols and amides of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Maca also supports the immune system and overall health through its antiviral and antioxidant properties.

Sources of Maca

Maca is grown and harvested in the Peruvian Andes, which is generally the only place where fresh maca is consumed. In Peru, the root may be roasted or boiled; it is often made into a porridge (mazamorra) and its flour is used for bread, cakes and pancakes. Maca root is also used in a fermented beverage known as macha chicha, and its leaves may be eaten either raw or cooked. Outside of its immediate growing region, maca root is typically sold dried, in powder/flour form or as gelatinized maca. Supplements may contain extracts made from dried roots, maca flour or gelatinized maca.

Maca Benefits and Uses

As a food source or dietary supplement, maca has excellent nutritional value that may help increase energy, strength and endurance. It also promotes overall health and wellbeing through its antiviral and antioxidant activity. One of the most common uses of maca is to support sexual health; it has been documented to have aphrodisiacal and fertility-enhancing properties, including increased sperm count and motility in males. Some studies have indicated maca can improve menopausal symptoms, and reduce blood pressure and depression in postmenopausal women.

Side Effects of Maca and Potential Interactions

Maca supplements are generally considered safe for healthy adults; no side effects or interactions have been reported at dosages of up to 3 grams per day. However, some medical professionals advise women with hormone-sensitive conditions to avoid using maca, since it can potentially worsen breast cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, uterine fibroids or endometriosis.

More detailed safety information on maca side effects and interactions can be found on WebMD. As with any medication or health supplement, it is best to consult your physician before taking dietary supplements containing maca.

Maca Research and Studies

Numerous studies have examined maca’s effects on various medical conditions as well as its impact on overall health and athletic performance. While further clinical research is needed to evaluate its effectiveness for many of these uses, animal and human studies have strongly supported maca’s aphrodisiacal and fertility-enhancing effects.

Two separate animal studies published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology explored maca’s impact on the sexual health of rats; their findings revealed that maca improved several measures of sexual behavior while black maca increased daily sperm counts and sperm motility. Other research has shown that maca has similar effects on humans. An article in the Asian Journal of Andrology reported that maca increased seminal volume, sperm count per ejaculum, motile sperm count and sperm motility in adult men. BioMed Central (BMC) Complementary & Alternative Medicine published a systematic review of random clinical trials; the authors found that maca improved sexual performance in patients with erectile dysfunction and had a significant positive effect on sexual dysfunction or sexual desire in healthy menopausal women or healthy adult men.

Beyond its abilities to increase sexual desire and performance, maca has been shown to benefit women in several ways. A systematic review published in Maturitas reported that maca demonstrated favorable effects on menopausal symptoms, while a study featured in Climacteric noted significant decreases in blood pressure and depression in postmenopausal women. Furthermore, maca was also found to have an antidepressant effect on mice exposed to chronic unpredictable mild stress, according to research featured in the Journal of Medicinal Food.

Many believe that maca has positive effects on athletic performance, metabolism and post-workout recovery, though further clinical trials are needed to conclusively support these benefits. One study published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology investigated maca’s effect on the sexual desire and athletic performance of trained male cyclists, and determined that maca supplementation improved both sexual desire and cycling time trial performance. An animal study published in Plant Foods for Human Nutrition stated that maca polysaccharides had a positive effect on lipid and glucose metabolism in rats – significantly decreasing the levels of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL), low density lipoproteins (LDL) and total cholesterol; lowering the level of triacylglycerols in the plasma, VLDL and liver; and reducing glucose levels in blood.

Finally, several studies have shown that maca supports the immune system and overall health through its antiviral and antioxidant properties. The Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine reported that maca exhibits antiviral activity against human influenza type A and B viruses (Flu-A and Flu-B), “providing remarkable therapeutic benefits.” Maca’s antioxidant activity has been recorded in numerous publications, including Carbohydrate Polymers and Food Chemistry.

For additional Maca research, refer to the PubMed site sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

HGH.com Supplements With Maca

Athletes, bodybuilders and fitness enthusiasts can take advantage of maca’s nutritional and health benefits through natural fitness and bodybuilding supplements from HGH.com:

Somatropinne HGH – Purity Select’s natural Somatropinne HGH capsules contain a proprietary blend of plant extracts. As an over-the-counter HGH releaser, this supplement is formulated to help athletes build lean muscle and gain increased energy. It is also designed to provide weight-loss and anti-aging benefits.

Ana-GH – Each serving of Ana-GH contains L-group amino acids and other natural ingredients, including maca and horny goat weed. This supplement is intended to jumpstart bulking cycles by promoting muscle mass and weight gains while improving protein synthesis and contributing to joint and muscle repair.

Testosterone Plus – Purity Select’s HGH Testosterone Plus features a proprietary blend of maca, long jack, ginkgo biloba and other natural ingredients. These capsules are formulated to help build muscle, aid in muscle recovery and boost energy while delivering sexual health benefits such as improved libido and stamina.

References (Function, Sources, Benefits/Uses and Side Effects/Interactions):

Balick, Michael J. and Roberta Lee. “Maca: From Traditional Food Crop to Energy and Libido Stimulant”; Alternative Therapies; March/April 2002. <http://sciweb.nybg.org/science2/pdfs/mb/Maca_Mar_Apr_2002.pdf>

Bruno, Gene. “Maca”; Smart Supplementation, published by Huntington College of Health Sciences; 2000. <http://www.hchs.edu/literature/Maca.pdf>

Examine.com. “Maca”; published under “Supplements”; accessed May 26, 2015. <http://examine.com/supplements/Maca>

Johannes, Laura. “Maca: Can a Root Boost Energy and Sex Drive?”; The Wall Street Journal; December 22, 2014. <http://www.wsj.com/articles/maca-can-a-root-boost-energy-and-sex-drive-1419275240>

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. “Maca”; published under “About Herbs, Botanicals & Other Products” within Integrative Medicine area of website; last updated April 20, 2013; accessed May 26, 2015. <https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/integrative-medicine/herbs/maca>

WebMD and Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. “Maca”; published under “Vitamins & Supplements”; accessed May 26, 2015. <http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-555-maca.aspx?activeIngredientId=555&activeIngredientName=maca&source=1>

Research Sources:

Ai, Zhong; Ai-Fang Cheng; et al. “Antidepressant-Like Behavioral, Anatomical, and Biochemical Effects of Petroleum Ether Extract from Maca (Lepidium Meyenii) in Mice Exposed to Chronic Unpredictable Mild Stress”; Journal of Medicinal Food; May 2014. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24730393>

Cicero, A.F.G.; E. Bandieri; and R. Arletti. “Lepidium Meyenii Walp. Improves Sexual Behaviour in Male Rats Independently From Its Action on Spontaneous Locomotor Activity”; Journal of Ethnopharmacology; May 2001. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11297856>

del Valle Mendoza, Juana; Tomàs Pumarolab; et al. “Antiviral Activity of Maca (Lepidium Meyenii) Against Human Influenza Virus”; Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine; September 2014. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25312160>

Gonzales, Carla; Julio Rubio; et al. “Effect of Short-Term and Long-Term Treatments With Three Ecotypes of Lepidium Meyenii (MACA) on Spermatogenesis in Rats”; Journal of Ethnopharmacology; February 20, 2006. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16174556>

Gonzales, Gustavo F.; Amanda Cordova; et al. “Lepidium Meyenii (Maca) Improved Semen Parameters in Adult Men”; Asian Journal of Andrology; December 2001. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11753476>

Lee, Myeong Soo; Byung-Cheul Shin; et al. “Maca (Lepidium Meyenii) for Treatment of Menopausal Symptoms: A Systematic review”; Maturitas; November 2011. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21840656>

Sandoval, Manuel; Nataly N. Okuhama; et al. “Antioxidant Activity of the Cruciferous Vegetable Maca (Lepidium Meyenii)”; Food Chemistry; November 2002. <http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814602001334>

Shin, Byung-Cheul; Myeong Soo Lee; et al. “Maca (L. Meyenii) for Improving Sexual Function: A Systematic Review”; BioMed Central (BMC) Complementary & Alternative Medicine; August 6, 2010. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20691074>

Stojanovska, Lily; C. Law; et al. “Maca Reduces Blood Pressure and Depression, in a Pilot Study in Postmenopausal Women”; Climacteric; February 2015. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24931003>

Stone, Mark; Alvin Ibarra; et al. “A Pilot Investigation Into the Effect of Maca Supplementation on Physical Activity and Sexual Desire in Sportsmen”; Journal of Ethnopharmacology; December 10, 2009. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19781622>

Večeřa, Rostislav; Jan Orolin; et al. “The Influence of Maca (Lepidium Meyenii) on Antioxidant Status, Lipid and Glucose Metabolism in Rat”; Plant Foods for Human Nutrition; June 2007. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17333395>

Zha, Shenghua; Qingsheng Zhao; et al. “Extraction, Purification and Antioxidant Activities of the Polysaccharides From Maca (Lepidium Meyenii)”; Carbohydrate Polymers; October 13, 2014. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25037390>






Pull-Ups Exercise Videos and Tips

Awesome Pull-Ups Exercise Videos and Tips

When it comes to upper body development, pull-ups can be very effective. However, pull-ups are oftentimes an overlooked exercise. As we mentioned in the Bodyweight Training Videos and Tips blog post, pull-ups are one of the three fundamental bodyweight training exercises that build muscle and strength. They are known to develop upper body muscles, including biceps, triceps, lats, traps and abs.

Whether you're a bodybuilder, fitness trainer or just want a great workout, pull-ups should be an integral part of your strength training regimen. They're ideal to warm up and cool down for upper-body sessions, and are a great way to add variety to your workout routine. In addition, you can easily increase the difficulty by performing weighted pull-ups by adding a weight belt around your waist, wearing a weight vest, or holding a dumbbell between your ankles or knees.

We've gathered a few videos about pull-ups for you, including one that shows the difference between chin-ups and pull-ups and another that shows common mistakes. Plus, we found a video that talks about the recent Guinness World Record holder for pull-ups. We've also created a dedicated Pinterest board with Pull-Ups Tips and Videos.

What’s the Difference Between Pull-Ups and Chin-Ups?

Get the lowdown on the major distinctions between a pull-up, chin-up and neutral-grip pull-up. They all concentrate on the biceps, lats, traps, brachialis and posterior delts. You’ll find that the pecs and traps are activated first, followed by the biceps and lats. However, it’s all in where the emphasis is. For example, when we look at the overhand pull-up, we notice that it is easier on the wrists and elbows, while focusing on the forearm flexors, brachialis, brachioradialis and lower traps. Now, when it comes to the neutral chin-up or neutral pull-up, the palms are facing each other, and there is more emphasis on the rhomboid and lats. Whereas the underhand grip chin-up focuses on the biceps and lats more than a neutral pull-up, while also targeting the teres major, posterior delt, rhomboids and lower traps. For more information, check out this video:

How to Avoid Common Mistakes When Doing Pull-ups

While pull-ups are an excellent indication of overall strength and a great exercise to build back muscles, there are five common mistakes people make when doing them. One of the Buff Dudes take us through the most frequent faux pas to help you avoid making them when performing this exercise. In the video, they discuss these five common pull-ups exercise mistakes:

1. Using Your Momentum
2. Elbows in Wrong Position
3. Not Pulling Your Shoulders Down and Back
4. Not Performing Full Range of Motion
5. Not Being Able to Complete a Pull-Up

Breaking the Guinness World Record for Pull-Ups

How many pull-ups can you do in a 24-hour period? When 54-year-old Mark Jordan from Corpus Christi, Texas answers this question, he breaks records. He spent a year preparing for this moment. Not only did he work out and practice, but he also focused on a solid strategy. In November of 2014, Mark was put to the test for a chance to break the Guinness World Record and succeeded by accomplishing a total of 4,321 pull-ups in 24 hours. In March of 2015, Guinness World Records confirmed that Mark Jordan holds the record for Most Pull-ups in 24 hours. Check out his achievement with this video report from USA Today.

Pinterest Board for Pull-ups!

Take a look at the numerous exercise videos and tips on our special HGH.com Pinterest board focusing on pull-ups.

Follow Bodybuilding's Pull-Ups Exercise Videos and Tips Pinterest board.




Elliptical Training Workout Videos and Tips

Elliptical Training to Energize Your Workouts

We’re pumped about elliptical training. Not only do you get an incredible workout, but you also get total body muscle toning too. By increasing your stride length on an elliptical, you can burn more calories without feeling like it's more work. Whether you want to improve your fitness or shed some fat, elliptical training can help you achieve your goals.

You’ll find that there are many benefits to working out on the elliptical, such as lower joint stress than other exercises (i.e. running), greater muscle activation, more core muscle focus, posture improvement and better balance. Best of all, elliptical training saves you loads of time, since you're working both upper and lower body endurance, improving your cardiovascular fitness and tightening your core all at the same time. To give your workout a boost, we've gathered together a few YouTube videos, along with an awesome workout and we created a Pinterest board specifically for elliptical workouts.

Interval Training on the Elliptical

Get on the elliptical with musculoskeletal expert Rowan Ellis for an intense 10-minute interval-training workout. Throughout the workout, Rowan shares vital exercise techniques to put the most impact on your quadriceps and glutes, while keeping the stress off of your lower back and neck.

The exercise intervals include working hard for 40 seconds and increasing the speed for each interval. There is also a 20-second recovery phase between the work hard phases. After that, there are four build-up phases, where the resistance is turned up each time and there’s a 20-second recovery phase between each here as well.

Getting the Most out of Elliptical Training

There are a few common mistakes people tend to make when working out on an elliptical trainer. WINK News fitness expert Mike Drumm explains what those tendencies are and how to achieve maximum results from your elliptical workout. Some of the major slip-ups that can have the most impact on your elliptical workout include:

  • Incorrect or no age/weight information put into the machine
  • Improper form
  • Zero resistance
  • Not changing directions
  • Fail to switch up your workout routine


Gain insight regarding these trouble areas, as well as what you can do to maximize your elliptical workout and achieve the best results:

The Best of Both Worlds

There are times when two worlds collide and incredibly wonderful things happen. This is one of those times. By combining an elliptical workout with circuit training, you get an amazing workout that adds some spice to your training routine. We found this 40-Minute Elliptical + Circuit Workout on The Running Doc and thought you might like to check it out. After every five minutes on the elliptical, jump off to do an exercise using your own body weight. You can increase the intensity to fit your needs. The elliptical and circuit workout goes like this:

  • 5 Minutes Elliptical
  • 80 Jumping Jacks
  • 5 Minutes Elliptical
  • 30 Pushups
  • 5 Minutes Elliptical
  • 40 Mountain Climbers
  • 5 Minutes Elliptical
  • 1 Minute Plank
  • 5 Minutes Elliptical
  • 25 Squat Jumps
  • 5 Minutes Elliptical
  • 20 Lunges
  • 5 Minutes Elliptical

Elliptical Training and Workout Pinterest Board

Ready for more elliptical-themed workout tips and information? Then, you'll have to check out HGH.com's Pinterest board that is solely dedicated to elliptical workouts.

Follow Bodybuilding's Elliptical Training and Workout Pinterest board.

 

 




Supplement Discounts and Deals - Join HGH.com "Heath Club" and Save

Get Huge Supplement Discounts with Your "Health Club" Membership

Your exclusive "Health Club" supplement discounts and membership deals are heating up for the summer!

The "Health Club" plans give you the ability to get big discounts on your favorite fitness, HGH and bodybuilding supplements and products. Enjoy the peace of mind knowing you your monthly supplements package is paid through the nex 6 months. Furthermore, you get great supplement deals and choose which products you want shipped to you!

Dan Smith from HGH.com said that "The Health Club is a way for users to stack multiple supplements together while still receiving a discount. In addition to huge supplement discount savings, the Health Club is a hassle-free system in that all of your products are purchased up front and shipped on a schedule so that you never have to worry about reorders during your workout cycles. You can sit back and know that their products will come on schedule."

 




ANA-GH Muscle Supplement Review - ANA-GH Will Make You Build Muscle

 
ANA-GH Muscle Gainer with 
HGH Releasing Properties

ANA-GH - A Proven Muscle Gainer With Something To Prove

ANA-GH is a relatively new formula created by HGH.com and Purity Select. Together with formulators in our labs, we created what we knew science could offer - an incredible stacked muscle gaining pill with HGH Releasing properties.

Some of the ingredients in ANA-GH are only effective in higher doses - that's why we stacked ANA-GH with over 4,000mg of ingredients per serving. We detailed how the ingredients in ANA-GH will help you build muscle here: http://www.hgh.com/Blogger/post/ana-gh-how-ingredients-in-hghcoms-ana.

ANA-GH is a proven muscle and mass gainer that will give you great results. If you're trying to build muscle, strength, or just looking to jump start your bulking cycle, try ANA-GH risk free from HGH.com.

Some benefits of ANA-GH that can be expected include:


  • Building Muscle
  • Preserving Lean Muscle
  • Increasing Endurance and Stamina
  • Increasing Growth Hormone
  • Improving Fat Metabolism
  • Building Protein
  • Increasing Blood Flow

Some important facts about ANA-GH:

  • You're getting 240 pills per bottle.
    • When we created this pill, we decided against creating a powder. Powders taste bad, they're a pain for customers to take, they cannot take powders easily, and carrying powders around are a pain. Having all of these ingredients in a pill is very convenient for our customers.
    • 240 pills means a higher servings size. You're getting a great value in this muscle building supplement. With all of the ingredients and the amount of ingredients, you'd be hard pressed to find these ingredients singularly for the same price in the quantities that you're getting with ANA-GH
  • Natural
    • The ingredients in all of our supplements are natural. ANA-GH is no different.
  • Risk Free
    • Try it. If you don't like it, just like any of our products, return it!
ANA-GH can be purchased from HGH.com here: http://www.hgh.com/ana-gh.aspx



How the Ingredients in ANA-GH will Help you Gain Muscle

 
ANA-GH: HGH 
Bodybuilding Supplement

 

The benefits are profoundly great. ANA-GH’s ingredient list  contains proven ingredients that do exactly as advertised.


Benefits include: Building Muscle, Preserving Lean Muscle, Increasing Endurance and Stamina, Building Growth Hormone, Improving Fat Metabolism, Building Protein, and Increasing Blood Flow.


L-Arginine - 400mg: Triple Growth Hormone Levels

 

Studies have shown that arginine can as much as triple your growth hormone levels, even into old age. And it can also help improve your exercise performance for high-intensity, short duration work outs. It’s also been linked to helping Erectile Dysfunction due to its ability to increase blood flow.

It increases fat burning, builds muscle tissue, boosts immunity, promotes healing, enhances male fertility, and more!
Your body doesn't naturally produce arginine; you must get it from your diet.

For links to clinical studies, see http://www.drugs.com/npp/l-arginine.html


L-Valine - 750mg:  Build Muscle, Repair Muscle
L-Valine is a branched-chain amino acid found in high concentration in the muscles. L-Valine cannot be made by the body, and must be acquired through food or dietary supplements. It has a stimulating effect and is needed for muscle metabolism - Building Muscle, repairing muscle, and growth of muscle tissue, and maintaining the nitrogen balance in the body. Since it is a branched-chain amino acid, it can be used as an energy source in the muscles, and in doing so preserves the use of glucose.


L-Leucine - 1500mg: Preserve Lean Muscle
L-Leucine helps preserve lean muscle tissue, it supplies the body with energy when under stress (i.e. when engaging in athletic activity), and it preserves muscle glycogen (glucose stored in muscle tissue used to power muscular contraction), it maintains nitrogen balance, and it enhances thinking abilities that can decline as physical activity becomes more intense. It also works to heal bone, skin and muscle tissue.


Additionally, L-Leucine may increase somatropin (HGH- Human Growth Hormone) secretion - a hormone that may lead to healthier joints, a slowing (and possible reversal) of the ageing process, decreases in body fat, and increases in strength and muscle mass.


L-Isoleucine - 750mg: Increase Endurance
L-IsoLeucine is probably best known for its use in increasing endurance and helping heal and repair muscle tissue. Bodybuilding requires energy and endurance. By using IsoLeucine along with Valine and Leucine, the muscles fully recover after exercise. IsoLeucine is literally broken down within the muscle tissue to provide energy.


L-Isoleucine is an amino acid, one of three known as branched chain amino acids (BCAAs). It is important in the regulation of blood sugar, and also helps increase energy level. L-Isoleucine can be obtained through the foods you eat or supplements.


L-Arginine - 400mg: Increase Growth Hormone
L-Arginine is an amino acid that the body cannot produce naturally and must be taken in supplement or by food.Arginine is necessary for the execution of many physiological processes. These physiological processes include hormone secretion, an increase in growth hormone output, the removal of toxic waste products from the body, and immune system defenses. Arginine's nitric oxide producing ability, its ability to scavenge free radicals, as well as its ability to signal muscle cells, release growth hormone, remove bad cholesterol, and enhance fat metabolism.


Acetyle-L-Carnitine - 400mg: Improve Fat Metabolism
Acetyl L Carnitine helps supply the brain with energy. It promotes biosynthesis of acetylcholine, a key neurotransmitter for brain and nerve function. Acetyl-L-Carnitine has been shown in clinical studies to benefit cognitive ability, memory and mood. It improves fat metabolism, Enhances mental quickness, Slows the effect of aging, Decreases symptoms of depression, Supports bodily functions that require high energy.


L-Alanine - 200mg: Build Protein
As an amino acid, alanine is used by the body as a building block of protein. Alanine plays a major role in transferring nitrogen from tissue sites in the body, to the liver. Alanine is also used by the body to draw upon blood sugar as an energy source.


Cysteine: Increase Blood Flow
L-cysteine supplementation can help increase blood flow and play key roles in building antioxidants, preserve lean muscle mass, and prevent muscle catabolism.


Horney Goat Weed: Added Endurance and Stamina
Horny Goat Weed has many benefits including, increased sexual drive, added sports endurance, increased stamina, restores testosterone levels and nitric oxide levels to break thru current performance plateau.
 
Learn more about ANA-GH Growth Hormones at: http://www.hgh.com/ana-gh.aspx

 







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