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Tribulus Terrestris Benefits, Uses, Side Effects and Functions

Discover the Function, Sources and Benefits of the Health Supplement Ingredient Tribulus Terrestris, or Caltrop

Tribulus terrestris – also known as caltrop, devil’s weed, devil’s thorn, puncture vine or simply Tribulus – is a fruit-bearing herb that grows in subtropical regions. Extracts from the plant have long been used in traditional Chinese and Indian Ayurvedic medicine to promote virility and vitality, and to treat health complaints. Today, Tribulus terrestris is often used as an ingredient in health and bodybuilding supplements, such as HGH Testosterone Plus, Anapolan-MAX 50, ClenXDV and RoidX Juice.

Functions of Tribulus Terrestris

Various constituents of the Tribulus terrestris plant are credited with its beneficial properties. Protodioscin, the plant’s primary bioactive component, appears to enhance libido and sexual function by increasing sex hormone levels. Its saponins are believed to have cytotoxic and antihyperlipidemic effects, while tribulosin demonstrates cardioprotective properties. Because Tribulus terrestris may have the potential to increase testosterone levels, some theorize this can translate to a positive impact on body composition and athletic performance.

Sources of Tribulus Terrestris

Native to Asia, Africa and southern Europe, Tribulus terrestris is harvested for its extracts. The plant should not be consumed raw, as its spine-covered fruit is considered unsafe to eat; in fact, some reports indicate that eating Tribulus fruit may cause collapsed lungs. However, its extracts have been used in traditional medicines and natural dietary supplements for many years. Tribulus extracts may be derived from the root, leaf or fruit of the plant.

Tribulus Terrestris Benefits and Uses

In traditional Chinese medicine and Ayurveda, Tribulus terrestris has been used to enhance libido and sexual function, increase energy and strength, and treat a variety of health issues, such as heart problems, chest pain, skin disorders and kidney stones. Preliminary research suggests that Tribulus extract does indeed deliver many potential health benefits, from lowering blood pressure and blood glucose levels to supporting cardiovascular and organ health. It has also been shown to have analgesic (pain-relieving), anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. Furthermore, some evidence suggests it may have future potential for treating breast, prostate and UVB-induced skin cancer.

Due to its purported aphrodisiac and erectogenic effects, Tribulus extract is commonly used as an ingredient in supplements designed to enhance male sexual health. It can also be found in bodybuilding supplements that are formulated to improve muscle strength and lean mass; and its cardioprotective and analgesic properties may further benefit those engaged in intense training or exercise.

Side Effects of Tribulus Terrestris and Potential Interactions

Supplements containing Tribulus terrestris extracts are generally considered safe for healthy adults. Some minor side effects have been reported, such as gastrointestinal irritation, gastric reflux and difficulty sleeping. However, individuals with certain medical conditions should exercise caution when taking supplements containing Tribulus extract. Some evidence suggests it may worsen prostate conditions or prostate cancer and can potentially harm fetal development, so men with prostate issues and women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should avoid Tribulus extract.

Because Tribulus terrestris has been shown to lower blood pressure and blood sugar levels, it may cause blood pressure or glucose levels to drop too low if taken in conjunction with antihypertensive drugs or diabetes medication. Tribulus extract can cause more frequent urination, and may increase the effects of other diuretics. Using Tribulus supplements with the blood thinner clopidogrel may increase the risk of blood clots.

More detailed safety information on Tribulus terrestris side effects and interactions can be found on healthcare websites such as WebMD. As with any medication or health supplement, it is best to consult your physician before taking dietary supplements containing Tribulus extract.

Tribulus Terrestris Research and Studies

Numerous studies have examined the health benefits of Tribulus terrestris. Resarch published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Life Sciences, Ancient Science of Life and Phytotherapy Research support its antihypertensive and cardioprotective effects, while studies published in the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences and Indian Journal of Experimental Biology demonstrates its anti-diabetic properties. Its potential as a cancer-fighting agent has been documented in numerous publications, including the Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Neoplasma, Pathobiology and Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology.

A review in the Journal of Dietary Supplements attempted to determine the effect of Tribulus terrestris on testosterone concentrations, and reported that a number of animal studies displayed a significant increase in serum testosterone levels after Tribulus administration, but the effect was only noted in humans when Tribulus was administered as part of a combined supplement therapy. However, a pilot study published in the Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy found that men with partial androgen deficiency experienced statistically significant increases in testosterone levels and erectile function following Tribulus supplementation.

Several studies have examined the impact of Tribulus terrestris supplements on athletes. A review published in the Journal of Human Kinetics concluded that there is little reliable data on the usefulness of Tribulus supplements in competitive sports. However, a group of Lithuanian researchers published positive findings in the Fiziolohichnyĭ Zhurnal and Acta Medica Lituanica, reporting that athletes on a 20-day regimen of Tribulus terrestris supplements experienced significant increases in anaerobic alactic muscular power, aerobic capacity and blood testosterone, as well as reduced lactate concentration. In light of the limited and conflicting findings in this area, further clinical studies are needed to definitively support the effects of Tribulus terrestris on the testosterone levels, athletic performance and body composition of athletes and bodybuilders.

For additional Tribulus terrestris research, refer to the PubMed site sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Supplements With Tribulus Terrestris

Athletes, bodybuilders and fitness enthusiasts can harness the health benefits of Tribulus terrestris through natural fitness and bodybuilding supplements from

Testosterone Plus – HGH Testosterone Plus features a proprietary blend of Tribulus terrestris, maca, ginkgo biloba, long jack and other natural ingredients that are formulated to help build muscle, boost energy, promote muscle recovery and enhance sexual health.

A-MAX 50 – Anapolan-MAX is designed to support lean muscle gain while increasing testosterone levels and HGH production. In addition to 100mg of Tribulus terrestris extract, the proprietary blend of ingredients in A-MAX 50 includes L-tyrosine, shilajit, cowhage, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and Vitamin E.

ClenXDV – Each serving of ClenXDV contains 200mg of Tribulus terrestris and a proprietary blend of other natural ingredients, including deer antler velvet, DHEA and wild yam. This formulation is intended to help athletes and bodybuilders build muscle, burn fat and lose weight.

RoidX Juice – The combination of ingredients in RoidX Juice is designed to help bodybuilders quickly increase muscle and weight while supporting muscle recovery. RoidX Juice tablets contain a proprietary blend of Tribulus terrestris, shilajit, DHEA, Vitamin E and other select ingredients.

References (Function, Sources, Benefits/Uses and Side Effects/Interactions): “Tribulus Terrestris”; published under “Supplements”; accessed June 24, 2015.

Freedman, Lisa. “Supplement Guide: Tribulus Terrestris”; Men’s Fitness; accessed June 24, 2015.

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. “Tribulus Terrestris”; published under “Integrative Medicine”; last updated June 25, 2015.

WebMD. “Tribulus Terrestris”; article in “Vitamins & Supplements”; reviewed December 27, 2014.

WebMD and Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. “Tribulus”; published under “Vitamins & Supplements”; accessed June 24, 2015.

Research Sources:

Amin, Amr; Mohamed Lotfy; et al. “The Protective Effect of Tribulus Terrestris in Diabetes”; Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences; November 2006.

El-Tantawy, W.H. and L.A. Hassanin. “Hypoglycemic and Hypolipidemic Effects of Alcoholic Extract of Tribulus Alatus in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats: A Comparative Study with T. Terrestris (Caltrop)”; Indian Journal of Experimental Biology; September 2007.

Goranova, T.E.; S.S. Bozhanov; et al. “Changes in Gene Expression of CXCR4, CCR7 and BCL2 After Treatment of Breast Cancer Cells With Saponin Extract From Tribulus Terrestris”; Neoplasma; 2015.

Kim, Hye Jin; Jin Chul Kim; et al. “Aqueous Extract of Tribulus Terrestris Linn Induces Cell Growth Arrest and Apoptosis by Down-Regulating NF-κB Signaling in Liver Cancer Cells”; Journal of Ethnopharmacology; June 14, 2011.

Kumar, Manish; Anil Kumar Soni; et al. “Chemopreventive Potential of Tribulus Terrestris Against 7,12-Dimethylbenz (a) Anthracene Induced Skin Papillomagenesis in Mice”; Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention; April-June 2006.

Milašius, Kazys; Rūta Dadelienė; and Juozas Skernevičius. “The Influence of the Tribulus Terrestris Extract on the Parameters of the Functional Preparedness and Athletes’ Organism Homeostasis”; Fiziolohichnyĭ Zhurnal; 2009.

Milašius, Kazys; Marija Pečiukonienė; et al. “Efficacy of the Tribulus Food Supplement Used by Athletes”; Acta Medica Lituanica; 2010.

Murthy, A.R.; S.D. Dubey; and K. Tripathi. “Anti-Hypertensive Effect of Gokshura (Tribulus Terrestris Linn.): A Clinical Study”; Ancient Science of Life; January-April 2000.

Phillips, Oludotun A.; Koyippalli T. Mathew; and Mabayoje A. Oriowo. “Antihypertensive and Vasodilator Effects of Methanolic and Aqueous Extracts of Tribulus Terrestris in Rats”; Journal of Ethnopharmacology; April 6, 2006.

Pokrywka, Andrzej; Zbigniew Obmiński; et al. “Insights into Supplements with Tribulus Terrestris used by Athletes”; Journal of Human Kinetics; June 28, 2014.

Qureshi, Ahmed; Declan Naughton; and Andrea Petróczi. “A Systematic Review on the Herbal Extract Tribulus Terrestris and the Roots of Its Putative Aphrodisiac and Performance Enhancing Effect”; Journal of Dietary Supplements; March 2014.

Reshma, P.L.; V.S. Lekshmi; et al. “Tribulus terrestris (Linn.) Attenuates Cellular Alterations Induced by Ischemia in H9c2 Cells Via Antioxidant Potential”; Phytotherapy Research; June 2015.

Roaiah, Mohamed Farid; Yasser Ibrahim El Khayat; et al. “Pilot Study on the Effect of Botanical Medicine (Tribulus Terrestris) on Serum Testosterone Level and Erectile Function in Aging Males With Partial Androgen Deficiency (PADAM)”; Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy; April 7, 2015.

Rogerson, Shane; Christopher J. Riches; et al. “The Effect of Five Weeks of Tribulus Terrestris Supplementation on Muscle Strength and Body Composition During Preseason Training in Elite Rugby League Players”; Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research; May 2007.

Sharifi, Ali M.; Radbod Darabi; and Nasrin Akbarloo. “Study of Antihypertensive Mechanism of Tribulus Terrestris in 2K1C Hypertensive Rats: Role of Tissue ACE Activity”; Life Sciences; October 24, 2003.

Sisto, Margherita; Sabrina Lisi; et al. “Saponins From Tribulus Terrestris L. Protect Human Keratinocytes From UVB-Induced Damage”; Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology; December 5, 2012.

Wei, S.; H. Fukuharu; et al. “Terrestrosin D, a Steroidal Saponin From Tribulus Terrestris L., Inhibits Growth and Angiogenesis of Human Prostate Cancer in Vitro and in Vivo”; Pathobiology; May 2014.

Human Growth Hormone (HGH) Benefits, Uses, Side Effects and Functions

Discover the Function, Sources and Benefits of Human Growth Hormone, or HGH, Supplements

Human growth hormone (HGH)—also known as somatotropin or simply as growth hormone (GH)—is a polypeptide hormone that is produced by the pituitary gland. It promotes growth in children and adolescents, and plays a role in body composition, metabolism, muscle growth and tissue repair in adults. Beyond the human growth hormones naturally produced by the body, synthetic HGH—or recombinant HGH—is manufactured in laboratories and may be obtained with a doctor’s prescription. Select health and bodybuilding supplements may also help boost human growth hormone levels with natural ingredients known as HGH releasers or HGH secretagogues. Many of these ingredients can be found in products such as HGH 30,000 Nanograms, Somatropinne HGH, Ana-GH, DBol-GH and Growth Factor Plus, among others.

Functions of Human Growth Hormone

HGH is required to support proper growth and development in children and adolescents, and it also plays a role in adult metabolism. Human growth hormone can help increase muscle mass, bone density, exercise capacity and protein synthesis, and may decrease body fat. It also helps maintain healthy tissues and organs. Since human growth hormone production naturally declines with age, many believe that HGH supplementation can help improve athletic performance and provide anti-aging benefits in adults.

Sources of HGH

As previously noted, the primary source of human growth hormone is the pituitary gland. HGH production peaks during childhood and adolescence, and substantially declines once full adult height is attained. Laboratory-manufactured synthetic HGH—also known as recombinant HGH, somatropin or somatrem—is another source of growth hormone available to some individuals. This injectable form of HGH may be prescribed to children and some adults that have been diagnosed with human growth hormone deficiency or specific medical conditions. Synthetic HGH is a regulated substance and may only legally be prescribed for FDA-approved uses. These include Turner’s syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, chronic renal insufficiency and idiopathic short stature in children, as well as HGH deficiency and AIDS-related wasting in adults.

Since recombinant HGH is not legally available to healthy adults, many individuals rely on natural HGH supplements that are formulated to increase their body’s own production of human growth hormone. A number of amino acids are recognized as natural HGH releasers. These include L-arginine, L-glutamine, L-glycine, L-lysine, L-ornithine, L-tyrosine and GABA.

Human Growth Hormone Benefits and Uses

The main purpose of HGH is to support human growth and development during childhood and adolescence, and this is the most common reason synthetic HGH is prescribed to young patients. However, human growth hormone continues to play a role throughout adulthood; it helps to regulate metabolism and protein synthesis and supports bone, tissue and organ health. Recombinant HGH may be legally prescribed to adults who have severe HGH deficiency, which typically results from a pituitary adenoma (tumor) or treatment of an adenoma with surgery or radiotherapy. Synthetic growth hormone is also sometimes prescribed to treat the wasting syndrome that can occur in individuals with AIDS.

Human growth hormone injections can increase muscle mass, bone density and exercise capacity in adults with HGH deficiency, and it can produce similar effects in healthy adults. For this reason, some athletes and bodybuilders take recombinant HGH to improve their physique and athletic performance, even though it cannot legally be prescribed for such purposes and is banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), International Olympic Committee and numerous sports organizations.

In light of the controversy and legal restrictions surrounding injectable HGH, a growing number of athletes, bodybuilders and aging adults have turned to natural HGH supplements to help boost the pituitary gland’s secretion of human growth hormone. Many report that L-group amino acids and other natural HGH releasers have helped them build lean muscle, enhance bodily strength, increase athletic endurance, tone their physique, recover faster from intense workouts and injuries, and minimize or reverse the visible signs of aging.

HGH Side Effects

Synthetic human growth hormone injections are associated with a number of side effects that can range widely in severity. Among the more serious HGH side effects some patients have experienced are atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), hypertension (high blood pressure), and abnormal growth of bones and internal organs such as the heart, kidneys, and liver. HGH may also increase the risk of developing diabetes and can cause cancerous tumors to grow in size. Other human growth hormone side effects include: edema (swelling caused by excess fluid in tissues); carpal tunnel syndrome; joint, muscle or nerve pain; numbness or tingling sensations in the skin; headaches; dizziness; blurred vision; chest pain; irregular heartbeat; and a rash or itching near the injection site.

Natural HGH supplements tend to have fewer and less severe side effects than synthetic growth hormone injections; however, the side effects and interactions will vary depending on the ingredients.

More detailed safety information on synthetic HGH side effects can be found on the Mayo Clinic website under the “Growth Hormone (Parenteral Route)” entry. For natural HGH supplements, refer to the relevant supplement ingredient articles on to learn about potential side effects and interactions. As with any medication or health supplement, it is best to consult your physician before using synthetic human growth hormone injections or HGH supplements.

HGH Research and Studies

A wide body of research exists on human growth hormones, including naturally produced HGH, recombinant HGH and ingredients that function as HGH releasers. Refer to the PubMed site sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for an overview of the latest HGH research or to search for articles highlighting the results of human growth hormone studies. For research on specific ingredients that function as HGH releasers, refer to the relevant ingredient articles on the blog. Supplements With Natural HGH Releasers

Many of the health and bodybuilding supplements available from are formulated to naturally increase HGH levels. These products include:

HGH Pills and HGH Spray – Available as HGH pills or an oral spray, Purity Select’s 30,000 Nanogram products are designed to promote human growth hormone production, muscle growth, increased energy and other health benefits. They contain a powerful combination of L-group amino acids—including L-arginine, L-glutamine, L-glycine, L-lysine, L-ornithine, L-tyrosine and L-valine—and other natural ingredients, such as colostrum, cowhage (mucuna pruriens), deer antler velvet, GABA and long jack.

Growth Factor Plus – As its name implies, Growth Factor Plus is intended to promote height growth while also supporting bone and joint health. Its proprietary blend of ingredients features L-group amino acids such as L-arginine, L-glutamine, L-glycine, L-lysine, L-ornithine and L-tyrosine.

Somatropinne HGH – Purity Select’s natural Somatropinne HGH capsules contain a proprietary blend of plant extracts, including maca, cowhage and horny goat weed as well as L-arginine. As an over-the-counter HGH releaser, this supplement is formulated to help athletes gain lean muscle and increased energy while also providing weight-loss and anti-aging benefits.

HGF MAX – Purity Select HGF MAX is intended to boost HGH production, improve muscle tone, build muscle, promote fat loss, boost energy and increase metabolism. Its proprietary blend of ingredients includes GABA, L-arginine, L-glutamine, L-glycine, L-lysine, L-ornithine, L-tyrosine and deer antler velvet.

Ana-GH – Each serving of Ana-GH contains L-group amino acids such as L-leucine and L-valine as well as other natural ingredients, including maca and horny goat weed. This supplement is intended to jumpstart bulking cycles by promoting muscle mass and weight gains, improving protein synthesis, and contributing to joint and muscle repair.

Anapolan-MAX 50 (A-MAX 50) – Anapolan MAX is formulated to support lean muscle gain while boosting HGH production and testosterone levels. Its proprietary blend of ingredients includes L-tyrosine, shilajit, Tribulus terrestris, cowhage (mucuna pruriens) and dehydroepiandrosterone.

ClenXDV – Featuring a proprietary blend of Tribulus terrestris, wild yam, deer antler velvet, DHEA and other natural ingredients, ClenXDV is intended to help athletes and bodybuilders build muscle, lose weight and burn fat.

DBol-GH – This anabolic lean muscle gainer is designed to promote lean mass and muscle growth, support muscle recovery and naturally boost HGH levels with a proprietary blend of ingredients that include beta-ecdysterone, L-leucine, L-valine and bovine colostrum.

Dekka – With a blend of wild yam root, yucca bark, Korean ginseng root and dehydroepiandrosterone, these capsules are formulated to help bodybuilders achieve weight gain, lean mass, bulking and muscle building.

Testosterone Plus – HGH Testosterone Plus features a proprietary blend of maca, long jack, ginkgo biloba, Tribulus terrestris and other natural ingredients that are intended to help build muscle, aid in muscle recovery and boost energy while offering sexual health benefits such as improved libido and stamina.

RoidX Juice – The ingredients in RoidX Juice are designed to help bodybuilders quickly gain muscle and weight while supporting muscle recovery. RoidX Juice capsules contain a proprietary blend of shilajit, Tribulus terrestris, Vitamin E and dehydroepiandrosterone.

Winstrol Max – Optimized for cutting cycles, Winstrol Max is formulated to promote lean mass gain and help athletes achieve ripped abs. Its powerful blend of ingredients includes L-group amino acids such as L-arginine, L-leucine and L-valine as well as saw palmetto and oat straw (Avena sativa) extract.


Drug Enforcement Administration. “Human Growth Hormone”; DEA fact sheet; August 2013. <>

Dunkin, Mary Anne. “Human Growth Hormone (HGH)”; WebMD; December 30, 2014. <>

Fordyce, Tom. “Human Growth Hormone Explained”; BBC Sport; July 27, 2003. <>

Jackson, Joe. “Unlock Your Potential: How to Boost Your HGH Levels”; Men’s Fitness; accessed June 5, 2015. <>

Mayo Clinic. “Drugs and Supplements: Growth Hormone (Parenteral Route)”; May Clinic website; last updated April, 2015. <>

Mayo Clinic Staff. “Human Growth Hormone: Does It Slow Aging?”; Mayo Clinic website; February 1, 2014. <>

Mayo Clinic Staff. “Performance-Enhancing Drugs: Know the Risks”; Mayo Clinic website; December 12, 2012. <> Launches New E-Commerce Mobile Website Now Offers an Easy-to-Use Mobile Website That Allows Users to Order Natural Health and Bodybuilding Supplements on the Go New Mobile Online Supplement Store - HGH, Bodybuilding, Haealth & Fitness

As a leading provider of natural HGH and bodybuilding supplements, we recently unveiled a new mobile e-commerce site. Users who access from a smartphone or similar device will automatically be directed to the mobile website.

"Our growing and loyal customer base consists of health, bodybuilders, athletes and fitness enthusiasts—people who tend to be active and on the move. So we launched the mobile site to provide them with the convenience of ordering their favorite supplements on the go," said Dan Smith from "Our new mobile site has a streamlined design that makes it easy for users to find relevant products and place their order from any smartphone. I invite our customers to try it for themselves and share their feedback with us."

Read the full news release feature on Yahoo Finance at

To access the new mobile site, visit http://m.hgh.comor simply into the browser of any smartphone or other mobile device and it will automatically redirect. Customers can also connect with the company via mobile social media apps by visiting the Facebook and YouTube pages.


2015 NPC Natural Ohio Results

2015 NPC Natural Ohio

NPC San Diego Championships
Bodybuilding, Figure, Physique,
and Bikini Championships
March 21, 2015
San Diego, California
Event: NPC

Following are the top overall winners for each of the events:

2015 NPC Natural Ohio Overall Winners

2015 NPC Natural Ohio Overall Winners

Masters Overall Winner
1. Jason Conners

1. Ronnell Lee
2. Isi Enaiho
3. Leonard Patterson
4. Lonnie Wade
5. Craig Dewan
6. Marcus Moore Jr.

Light Heavyweight
1. Julian Smith
2. Bryan Raby
3. Daryl Spencer
4. Mark Church
5. Andre Khayenko
6. Ben Hartman

1. Jason Conners
2. Keith Auman
3. Rick Lindsey
4. Rocco Mitolo
5. Kirk Simmons
6. Charles Pratt

1. Matt Bulgrin
2. Keith Auman
3. Trey Bruffey
4. Brandon Lakomowski
5. Richard Popowski
6. Jonathan Jurisevic

1. Adam Malonjao
2. Zachary Thomas
3. Kenneth Rogers Jr.
4. Matt Bulgrin
5. Andrew Landis
6. Paul Satyanathan

1. Elias Ghazoul
2. Donquail Williamson
3. Charles Williams
4. Thomas Salvatore
5. Luke Leppla
6. Trey Bruffey

Masters Over 40
1. Andrew Landis
2. David Bitkowski
3. Vernon Appletion
4. Matthew Large
5. Craig Dewan

Masters Over 50
1. Edward Neff
2. Weldon Bigley
3. Leonard Patterson
4. Ron Gregory
5. Jay Hickman
6. Gary Smith

2015 NPC NATURAL OHIOContest Galleries. The NPC & IFBB with JM Manion NPC News Online Frank Sepe #NPCNEWS

Posted by NPC News Online on Thursday, April 2, 2015

Masters Overall Winner
1. Kelli Sanford-Burgoon
2. Kiah Douglas

Class A Figure
1. Sam Weigel
2. Sarah Weis
3. Rebecca Hall
4. Michele Nakonieczny
5. Vanessa Wick
6. Shawny Taysom

Class B Figure
1. Kiah Douglas
2. Serene Van Erten
3. Jay Leigh
4. Sarah Bruce
5. Nicole Tesar
6. Morgan Self

Class C Figure
1. Lindsay Perrigan
2. Kaitlynn Kollar
3. Tammy Wagner
4. Rachel Morrow
5. Andrea Williams
6. Julie Pugh

Class D Figure
1. Kathryn Zemke
2. Angelique McNeal
3. Amanda Wensel
4. Kelli Sanford-Burgoon
5. Shannon Hamilton
6. Michelle Thompson

Class E Figure
1. Rose Nelly
2. Samantha Kerbler
3. Nicole Sabuda
4. Kacie Evans
5. Gretchen Hartley
6. Kelly Owen
7. Lynette Will-Murphy

Masters Over 35 Figure
1. Kelli Sanford-Burgoon
2. Amanda Wensel
3. Rebecca Hammermeister
4. Lynette Will-Murphy
5. Vanessa Wick
6. Kelly Owen

Masters Over 40 Figure
1. Nicole Tesar
2. Tammy Wagner
3. Michele Nakonieczny
4. Renee Black
5. Mindy Bittner
6. Laura Best

Masters Over 50 Figure
1. Sandra Wilkerson
2. Claudia Berk
3. Doreen Lucas
4. Teresa Burkett
5. Patricia Dorton
6. Toni Goodrichaaaaa

Overall Winner
1. Riley James

Class A Bikini
1. Ciara Monnaie
2. Jessica Ayna
3. Amber Burgess
4. Maria Small
5. Michelle Gallagher
6. Dina Federico

Class B Bikini
1. Melissa Vara
2. Gina McEvoy
3. Laura Dennie
4. Megan McConnell
5. Adrienne Smith
6. Darlene Quellette

Class C Bikini
1. Rosana Giannone
2. Brittanie Fitch
3. Camille Felter
4. Karla Meisner
5. Danielle Kinn
6. Lindsey Wasniak

Class D Bikini
1. Alyssa Vance
2. Sarah Nespor
3. Anna Drouillard
4. Paige McCue
5. Amy Ertas
6. Amanda Creslik

Class E Bikini
1. Riley James
2. Dominique Simmons
3. Lianne Shipman
4. Shelby Nicholson
5. Regina Adams
6. Ashley Arnold

Class F Bikini
1. Brittany Brinkman
2. Heather Loliger
3. Megan Brasee
4. Lauren D'Nai
5. Lauren Henley
6. Shawna McClosky

Masters Bikini
1. Krishna McDonald
2. Gina McEvoy
3. Adrienne Smith
4. Anna Drouillard
5. April Covington
6. Jennifer Colvin

2015 NPC NATURAL OHIOContest Galleries.All Images here: Sepe NPC News Online Around The NPC & IFBB with JM Manion #NPCNEWS

Posted by NPC News Online on Friday, April 3, 2015

Overall Winner
1. Lorne Talley

Class A Physique
1. Samuel Spencer
2. Corwyn Collier
3. Jason Patterson
4. Corey Fischbach
5. Anthony Mascia
6. Wally Klinski

Class B Physique
1. Johnnie Doehr
2. Johnny Kmetz
3. Evan Wander
4. Eugenio Matta
5. Michael Jones
6. Alex Powers

Class C Physique
1. Lorne Talley
2. Gabriel Garcia
3. Brandon Miller
4. Vincent Dangerfield
5. Leonardo Camargo
6. James Bishop

Class D Physique
1. Patrick Jones
2. Leonard Patterson
3. Noah Rayne
4. Josh Smart
5. Jay Stazie
6. David Key

Class E Physique
1. Tyler Froehlich
2. Kyle Barnes
3. Tanner Newland
4. Christian Mitchell
5. Nathaniel Gerry
6. Ronnie Varckette

Class F Physique
1. Harry Cooke
2. Jacob Vance
3. Raymont Edmonds
4. Elisha Long
5. Matthew Gooch
6. Steven Harris

Masters Physique
1. Harry Cooke
2. David Key
3. Rick Lindsey
4. Vince Keiser
5. Theodore Dawson
6. Alfred Wilson
1. Guest Poser
2. Dana Linn Bailey

Class A
1. Allyson Johnson
2. Rebecca Powell
3. Katlin Weitzel
4. Elizabeth Pietras
5. Megan Costic
6. Lacey Pettibone

Class B
1. Joleen Keith
2. Kimberly Trout
3. Michelle Thompson
4. Kelly Carioto
5. Alisha Sturkie
6. Vette White

1. Rebecca Powell
2. Michelle Thompson
3. Allyson Johnson
4. Kimberly Trout
5. Vette White
6. Lorrie Loughridge

Congratulations to all of the competitors who participated in the 2015 NPC Natural Ohio contest. For the NPC Natural Ohio official results/scores visit: Photos can be found at

Be sure to visit the blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.

Congratulations to all of the competitors who participated in the 2015 NPC Championships. Official Final Results Scorecard - To see all results and photos visit -

Be sure to visit the blog regularly for the results of other upcoming bodybuilding and fitness competitions.

- See more at:

Winners and Photos of the 2014 NPC Eastern USA Championship congratulates all the amazing bodybuilders and fitness athletes who participated in the 2014 NPC Eastern USA Championships in New York earlier this month.

This year’s national qualifying event took place the weekend of November 8 and featured many top bodybuilding, fitness, figure, bikini, women’s physique and men’s physique professionals and athletes.

Winners of the 2014 NPC Eastern USA Championships

Below are a few individual posing photos of some of the winners of the competition. For a complete list of winners and photos visit


Dominick Cardone -Overall Winner
2014 NPC Eastern USA Championships Men's Heavyweight (1st)
Tifanny Urrea - Overall Winner
2014 NPC Eastern USA Championships Bikini Class D (1st)



Maya Kekahuna - Master's Overall Bikini Winner
2014 NPC Eastern USA Championships Bikini Masters Over 35 Class A (1st)
Michael Lynn -Men's Masters Over 40 (1st) Winner of the 2014 NPC Eastern USA Championships and Men's Heavyweight (3rd)





Ben White Having Fun at the 2014 Mr. Olympia Weekend

IFBB Pro and HGH sponsored athlete, Ben White, had a blast at the 2014 Mr. Olympia Weekend with the 5%ers clothing line, and he signed autographs, participated in a video shoot and posted a series of photo updates via Instagram.

If you would like to see the winners of 2014 Mr. Olympia Weekend contests at Joe Weider’s Olympia Fitness and Performance Weekend in Las Vegas - visit our recent post at


Tips from the Pros for Building Up Shoulders and Traps

Shoulder and Trap Workout Exercise Videos and Tips from the Pros

Trying to attain a symmetrically sculpted, truly impressive body? Then, you definitely don't want to forget about working out your shoulders and traps. Oftentimes, the shoulders and traps are stuck at the end of an arm workout, or forgotten altogether. To attain an ideal symmetry for your upper body, you want a broad back, wide shoulders and built traps, along with perfect pecs, full, round triceps, bulging biceps and a cut up stomach.

You have to give your shoulders and traps the attention they need to fully fill out that T-shirt or wow the crowd. We've gathered together some YouTube videos and created a Pinterest board specifically for exercises focusing on shoulders and traps to get you pumped up and help you along your way to building an optimal sculpted physique.

Super Shoulder and Trap Workout

Get a glimpse at one of the shoulder and trap workouts that Champion Bodybuilder, Charles Fuller did approximately two weeks before a competition. Feel the burn as he concentrates on building and rounding out his traps. Pay attention, because he also shares some helpful hints along the way. A few of the exercises he shows us are:

  • Dumbbell Military Press
  • Front Lateral Raises
  • Shoulder Shrugs
  • Upright Rows

Plus, Brad includes a great reminder, “It is easy to get injured if you are not alert of yourself and those around you. Most important of all, keep your lower back as straight as possible and pick up the weight using your legs.”

As Charles says, “Let’s get this!”

Top Exercise Techniques for Your Shoulder Workout

Victor Martinez shares his insights regarding proper form, essential techniques and how to perform each shoulder exercise better. He reminds us why form is important and discusses the right way to do each exercise. He also shares exercise-specific do’s and don’ts. For example, he tells us to make sure to keep our elbows up when focusing on the rear deltoids.

Exercises include:

  • Standing Side Laterals – focuses on the medial deltoid
  • One-Arm Side Laterals – concentrates on side deltoids
  • Two-Dumbbell Lateral Raise – works out the rear deltoids
  • One-Dumbbell Standing Lifts – focuses on interior deltoids
  • Two-Dumbbell Standing Lifts – works out interior deltoids
  • Dumbbell Press – great for mass, thickness and overall roundness
  • Upright Row – concentrates on deltoids (hold close to middle for traps or far apart to round out shoulders)

Learn about Victor’s techniques to build broad shoulders with this video.

Tom Hardy's Trap Training Secret

Is it better to use barbells or dumbbells for shoulder shrugs? How can you get true trap activation? Pro athlete trainer, Jeff Cavaliere, unveils the secret to Tom Hardy's towering traps with some super trap exercises. He also discloses the distinctive form you should use to build better trapezius muscles. You'll have to see it to believe it. Just watch this trap exercise demonstration video:

Pinterest Board for Building Bigger Shoulders and Traps

Explore the photos and videos posted at our Pinterest board dedicated to Shoulder and Trap Exercises.

Follow Bodybuilding's Shoulder and Trap Exercises board on Pinterest.


Sensoril® Ashwagandha Benefits, Uses, Side Effects and Functions

Function, Sources and Benefits of the Health Supplement Ingredient Sensoril® Optimized Ashwagandha Extract

Sensoril® is a standardized extract of ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), also known as winter cherry or Indian ginseng. According to its manufacturer, NutraGenesis, multi-patented Sensoril ashwagandha extract is clinically proven and contains the highest, most potent levels of ashwagandha bioactive constituents in the industry. Ashwagandha is commonly used in Ayurvedic medicine and is believed to possess a wide range of health benefits, from stress-relief to cancer-fighting properties. Sensoril ashwagandha extract is used in health, beauty and skin care supplements, such as Female Hormone Balancer and Skin Perfect Hair, Skin and Nails.

Functions of Ashwagandha

The chemical constituents of ashwagandha include steroidal lactones called withanolides (12-deoxywithastramonolide, withanolide-A and withaferin-A), along with alkanoids (anaferine and isopelletierine), saponins (sitoindoside VII and VIII) and iron. These active constituents appear to have beneficial effects in relation to physical, mental and emotional health, including adaptogenic properties that aid the body in handling daily stress.

Sources of Ashwagandha

Ashwagandha extract is derived from the Withania somnifera plant, which is more commonly known as ashwagandha. It is sometimes called winter cherry (one of several plants known by that name) or Indian ginseng, although it is not related to the ginseng plant. The roots and leaves of Withania somnifera are most commonly used in ashwagandha extract, though the plant’s berries, seeds and shoots may also be used for medicinal purposes.

Ashwagandha Benefits and Uses

As a dietary supplement ingredient, ashwagandha is usually taken orally to help reduce stress and anxiety, increase energy, enhance concentration and mental acuity, promote restful sleep, reduce swelling and inflammation, support the immune system and cardiovascular health, assist in weight management and protect against the visible signs of aging. Ashwagandha is sometimes applied to the skin as an analgesic (pain reliever) and to treat wounds.

Research also suggests that ashwagandha may be useful in treating a variety of medical conditions. There is some evidence that it may reduce blood-sugar levels in diabetics, lower cholesterol in patients with high cholesterol, and improve attention and impulse control in children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It has been credited with treating the symptoms of arthritis and Parkinson’s disease, and it may be useful in treating infertility. Notably, ashwagandha shows promise as a cancer treatment. Studies have indicated that it contributes to reduced growth of cancer cells in the breast, central nervous system, colon and lungs while enhancing radiosensitivity during radiation therapy and increasing white blood cell counts during radiation and chemotherapy treatments.

Side Effects of Ashwagandha and Potential Interactions

Supplements containing ashwagandha are generally considered safe for most adults, though women who are pregnant or trying to conceive should avoid ashwagandha as it may induce a miscarriage. Users with sensitivity to ashwagandha might experience an upset stomach or nausea. Since ashwagandha can irritate the gastrointestinal tract, individuals with stomach ulcers should avoid it.

Ashwagandha’s beneficial effects may be amplified when taken in combination with certain medications, which can have adverse results for some patients. For example, because ashwagandha can lower blood pressure and blood-sugar levels, it may interfere with blood-pressure and diabetes medications, causing blood pressure or blood-sugar levels to drop too low. Since it has been shown to trigger increased activity in the immune system, ashwagandha may exacerbate symptoms in people with autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS) or lupus, and it may decrease the effectiveness of immunosuppressant medications. Ashwagandha can increase thyroid hormone levels and interact with thyroid medication, so individuals with thyroid disorders should exercise caution when taking supplements with ashwagandha extract. And while ashwagandha promotes restful sleep, it can cause heavy drowsiness when taken in combination with sedative medications such as benzodiazepines and central nervous system (CNS) depressants.

More detailed safety information on ashwagandha side effects and interactions can be found on WebMD. As with any medication or health supplement, it is best to consult your physician before taking supplements containing Sensoril or ashwagandha.

Ashwagandha Research and Studies

A number of studies have been conducted concerning ashwagandha and its impact on emotional well-being and cognitive function. A group of researchers tested the impact of naturopathic care – including ashwagandha extract – on individuals with moderate to severe anxiety. The results of the study, which appeared in PLOS ONE, indicated that the subjects who took ashwagandha had significantly lower levels of anxiety and demonstrated improvements in mental health, concentration, fatigue, social functioning, vitality and overall quality of life. An article published in Pharmacognosy Research examined the effects of Withania somnifera extract on cognitive and psychomotor performance in humans, and determined that study participants taking Sensoril capsules exhibited significant improvements in both cognitive and psychomotor performance.

Another major area of study has been the use of ashwagandha in cancer research. Studies published in Life Sciences and Clinical Cancer Research found that ashwagandha leaf extract may prevent or decrease the growth of several types of tumors – including cancer cells in the breast, central nervous system, colon and lungs – without impacting normal cells. A 2011 article in the African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines summarized a number of medical studies featuring ashwagandha, from its anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic properties to its neuroregenerative and anxiolytic potential. For additional research related to ashwagandha, refer to the PubMed site sponsored by the National Institutes of Health. and Skin Perfect Supplements With Sensoril Ashwagandha

Individuals seeking to leverage the beneficial effects of Sensoril optimized ashwagandha extract can find this natural ingredient in health, beauty and skin care supplements from and Skin Perfect:

Purity Select Female Hormone Balancer – Sensoril ashwagandha extract is one of the 25 active ingredients in Female Hormone Balancer. Ashwagandha supports emotional well-being, stress-relief and mood-enhancement, while other ingredients in the supplement help to balance estrogen levels, reduce hot flashes and PMS symptoms, and stimulate metabolism and weight loss.

Skin Perfect Hair, Skin and Nails – With 30 active ingredients, this Skin Perfect supplement is designed to improve the condition and appearance of hair, skin and nails. The inclusion of Sensoril ashwagandha extract means that beyond these beauty and skin care benefits, the supplement also promotes mental clarity, concentration and alertness as well as emotional well-being.

References (Function, Sources, Benefits/Uses and Side Effects/Interactions):

Bruno, Gene. “Ashwaganha”; Smart Supplementation, published by Huntington College of Health Sciences; 2009. <>

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. “Ashwagandha”; published under “About Herbs, Botanicals & Other Products” within Integrative Medicine area of website; last updated December 21, 2011. <>

WebMD and Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. “Ashwagandha”; published under “Vitamins & Supplements”; accessed July 28, 2014. <>

Research Sources:

Cooley, Kieran; Szczurko, Orest; et al. “Naturopathic Care for Anxiety: A Randomized Controlled Trial”; PLOS ONE: A Peer-Reviewed, Open Access Journal; August 31, 2009. <>

Jayaprakasam, Bolleddula; Zhang, Yanjun; et al. “Growth Inhibition of Human Tumor Cell Lines by Withanolides From Withania Somnifera Leaves”; Life Sciences; November 21, 2003. <>

Pingali, Usharani; Pilli, Raveendranadh; and Fatima, Nishat. “Effect of Standardized Aqueous Extract of Withania Somnifera on Tests of Cognitive and Psychomotor Performance in Healthy Human Participants”; Pharmacognosy Research; January–March 2014. <>

Singh, Narendra; Bhalla, Mohit; et al. “An Overview on Ashwagandha: A Rasayana (Rejuvenator) of Ayurveda”; African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines; July 3, 2011. <>

Widodo, Nashi; Kaur, Kamaljit; et al. “Selective Killing of Cancer Cells by Leaf Extract of Ashwagandha: Identification of a Tumor-Inhibitory Factor and the First Molecular Insights to Its Effect”; Clinical Cancer Research; April 1, 2007. <>

Natural Growth Hormone Supplements from HGH ( Can Help You Build Muscle

HGH supplements
Helping you build muscle

Natural growth hormone supplements and HGH supplements from can help you build muscle; Plus - sneak peak - Personal Trainers available on

Trouble packing on the pounds? After endlessly trying to put on lean muscle after exercising, working out, and lifting weights, many people turn to our HGH Supplements on to build more muscle. If you are tired of putting in a lot of effort with little to no return, our natural growth hormone supplement may be the key to helping you build muscle fast!

Do genetics play a role in my inability to gain size and muscle?

If you look back on your family history and see generations of small or nonathletic family members, you may not have the necessary tools to produce a massive amount of muscle gain through working out alone. Some people simply have a different genetic makeup, which is why we all look different to begin with. While it is still possible for you to get into the best shape of your life, taking a natural growth hormone supplement will expedite the process and give you the edge that some people just naturally have.

Some people may be lucky enough to keep natural HGH production up throughout their entire lives. However, as most people get older, they stop producing natural HGH. It's proven that HGH levels decrease with age, and with smaller amounts of HGH it is more difficult to build muscle. Instead of just giving up, you can increase muscle gain with anatural HGH supplement.

Build muscle fast with a change in your dietary lifestyle

The secret to getting ripped - The main reason people are able to get ripped in the gym is not because of a specific workout program; it is because of what they consume after their workout and tear up their muscles. If you do not feed your muscles and body enough of the right ingredients after a great gym session, you are wasting all of the effort you put into your workout. Furthermore, it's almost impossible to achieve the proper supplements through food alone, your stomach simply isn't big enough. However that being said, food is still important. Follow some of these simple steps: 

The key food ingredients you need to get ripped

  • Consume lean animal, muscle supplements, and/or whey proteins immediately after your workout.
  • Switch your daily meal intake to several small meals throughout the day in order to feed your muscles more consistently.
  • Drink lot's of water throughout the day - this will also help curb your appetite and water is hugely important for all of your organs.
  • Supplement your workouts with thermogenic fat burners in order to get ripped fast and cut the fat.
  • Take an supplement like Somatropinne HGH in order to give yourself a boost of natural hormones that your body may stop producing as you grow older, no matter your age (over 18 required).

Do you need to change your workout regimen?

Now that you know about the benefits that a proper diet and supplements like Human Growth Hormone supplements can bring to your workout, it's time to look at your actual weight-lifting routine. Most people get stuck in a plateau and never see muscle gain after a couple of months of lifting weights. Here are some ways you can break that rut and build muscle fast: 

Increase your lifting regimen

  • Lift heavier weights for exercises such as the bench press, squats and dumbbell curls.
  • Make sure to work your core every time you work out because it connects your entire body.
  • Don't skip cardio! In fact, supplementing a cardio in between lifting sessions works your body out and cuts fat nicely. In a typical one hour weight lifting routine, spend 20 minutes on cardio in between lifting cycles.

Keep a consistent schedule

Supplements are not magic alone - they do work magic in conjunction with working out - but there's no such thing as a magic pill that will shape your body while you sit and watch TV. So do yourself and your body a favor - while taking supplements to increase muscle gain, the real secret is to keep your efforts consistent. After taking our supplements while working out, I guarantee after 3-6 months of a consistent workout, you will be in the best shape of your life.

NOTE! Coming soon on will be personal workout sessions with IFBB bodybuilders. To get started with a personal trainer today - email "support [at]" and ask that Dan puts you in touch with a personal IFBB champion to start a personal session.

How to Gain Muscle Fast using Natural Bodybuilding Supplements

You can use Natural Bodybuilding Supplements 
legally and safely to Gain Muscle Fast

How to use natural bodybuilding supplements to gain muscle fast

For most individuals who use bodybuilding supplements, the goal is not only to make gains in muscular mass, density and strength, but to make these gains as quickly as possible. Unfortunately, some individuals believe that the only way to make the fastest possible gains is by using steroids or artificial bodybuilding supplements. Although these types of supplements can yield fast, noticeable gains, they can also lead to dangerous side effects and severe health problems, now and in the future. No amount of expedited bodybuilding progress is worth ruining your health, even if a competition is quickly approaching. The answer is to make wise use of natural bodybuilding supplements, which leads to safer, more maintainable gains without the unnecessary health risks.

For a list of our (safe and legal) bodybuilding supplements, visit

Natural Bodybuilding Supplements for Quick, Effective Bodybuilding Gains

When choosing natural bodybuilding supplements to make the fastest possible gains, the most important thing you can do is research the individual supplements you're considering to determine how they can be strategically implemented into your bodybuilding routine. Certain supplements are intended to be used during the bodybuilding off-season, when your main goal is to make major gains in muscular bulk, strength and density. Other supplements are better suited for competition season, when your goal is to cut into the fat you build up during the off-season and increase muscle definition and toning, revealing the muscles you've worked so hard to achieve.

Without this understanding, you could very easily use high-quality natural bodybuilding supplements at the wrong time, and assume that they don't work properly when the real problem is user error. This is why it's so important to read the literature included with the supplement by the manufacturer rather than assuming that all natural bodybuilding supplements serve the same purpose.

Combining Diet and Exercise with Natural Bodybuilding Supplements

Even the best and most effective natural bodybuilding supplements won't turn a couch potato into Mr. Olympia unless they're combined with proper exercise and dietary habits. In other words, if you take a bodybuilding supplement and think this means you can start ignoring your strength training routine, you'll quickly realize that you have no gain in muscular mass, definition, strength or density.

For example, many natural bodybuilding supplements are designed to speed the rate at which your muscles recover from exercise, allowing you to work out more frequently with a lower risk of injury and ultimately enjoy faster gains as a result. However, if you don't have the motivation to increase your workout frequency, it will make little difference in the pace of your bodybuilding progress.

Your diet is also crucial. Many bodybuilding supplements are designed to increase your appetite, or allow your muscles to utilize the protein you feed them faster and more effectively. However, the supplement itself may not include protein of its own, so unless you're eating protein-rich foods such as lean cuts of meat, beans and peanut butter (or natural whey protein supplements) with regularity, there will be no protein for your muscles to utilize, much less utilize more efficiently.

Specific Bodybuilding Pills To Look At:

  1. ANA-GH

    This is a great Mass Building supplement. Doesn't taste bad (because it's a pill and not a powder). Won't cause stomach issues. Great Mass Gain, No Side Effects.

    Great Fat Burner and Muscle Builder. This pill has tremendous fat building properties as well as muscle building properties.


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